Immunohistochemistry (PFA fixed): incubate antibody for 30 min RT. Staining of formalin-fixed tissues requires heating tissue sections in 10mM Tris with 1mM EDTA, pH 9.0, for 45 min at 95 degrees C followed by cooling at RT for 20 minutes.
SOD1 (superoxide dismutase) binds copper and zinc ions and is one of two isozymes responsible for destroying free superoxide radicals in the body. This isozyme is a soluble cytoplasmic protein, acting as a homodimer to convert naturally-occuring but harmful superoxide radicals to molecular oxygen and hydrogen peroxide. The other isozyme is a mitochondrial protein. Mutations in this gene have been implicated as causes of familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Rare transcript variants have been reported for this gene.
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Protein Aliases: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis 1 (ALS1); Cu/Zn SOD; Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase; epididymis secretory protein Li 44; HGNC:11179; hSod1; indophenoloxidase A; Indophenoloxidase A (IPOA); SOD, soluble; superoxide dismutase; Superoxide dismutase 1; Superoxide Dismutase 1 (SOD1); Superoxide dismutase [Cu-Zn]; superoxide dismutase, cystolic
Gene Aliases: ALS; ALS1; HEL-S-44; homodimer; hSod1; IPOA; SOD; SOD1
UniProt ID: (Human) P00441
Entrez Gene ID: (Human) 6647
Molecular Function: oxidoreductase