Heat-mediated antigen retrieval is recommended prior to staining, using a 10mM citrate buffer, pH 6.0, for 10 minutes followed by cooling at room temperature for 20 min. Following antigen retrieval, incubate samples with primary antibody for 30 min at room temperature. A suggested positive control is pancreas or neuroendocrine tumor.
Synaptophysin is a calcium-binding and integral membrane glycoprotein present in presynaptic vesicles in almost all neurons. Synaptophysin has four transmembrane domains and it forms a complex with dynamin at high calcium concentrations suggesting an involvement in synaptic vesicle endocytosis. It is also involved in the regulation of short-term and long-term synaptic plasticity. Synaptophysin is currently the most widely used marker for nerve terminals and for differentiating neuroendocrine tumors. Mutations in the gene can result in mental retardation, X-linked 96.
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Protein Aliases: Major synaptic vesicle protein p38; Synaptophysin
Gene Aliases: MRX96; MRXSYP; SYP
UniProt ID: (Human) P08247
Entrez Gene ID: (Human) 6855