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Description: The GL3 monoclonal antibody reacts with the gamma delta T-cell Receptor complex (TCR) on all gamma delta TCR bearing T cells, but it does not react with alpha beta TCR. The gamma delta TCR is present on cells in the thymus, epidermis, epithelial lining of the intestine, peritoneal cavity, and lymphoid tissues.
Applications Reported: This GL3 (GL-3) antibody has been reported for use in flow cytometric analysis, and immunoprecipitation.
Applications Tested: This GL3 (GL-3) antibody has been tested by flow cytometric analysis of mouse lymph node cells. This can be used at less than or equal to 0.25 µg per test. A test is defined as the amount (µg) of antibody that will stain a cell sample in a final volume of 100 µL. Cell number should be determined empirically but can range from 10^5 to 10^8 cells/test. It is recommended that the antibody be carefully titrated for optimal performance in the assay of interest.
Purity: Greater than 90%, as determined by SDS-PAGE.
Aggregation: Less than 10%, as determined by HPLC.
Filtration: 0.2 µm post-manufacturing filtered.
TCR gamma/delta (T-cell receptor gamma/delta) are specialized T-cells in the immune system. The ability of T cell receptors (TCR) to discriminate foreign from self-peptides presented by major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II molecules is essential for an effective adaptive immune response. TCR recognition of self-peptides has been linked to autoimmune disease. Mutant self-peptides have been associated with tumors. Engagement of TCRs by a family of bacterial toxins know as superantigens has been responsible for toxic shock syndrome. Autoantibodies to V beta segments of T cell receptors have been isolated from patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The autoantibodies block TH1-mediated inflammatory auto-destructive reactions and are believed to be a method by which the immune system compensates for disease. Most human T cells express the TCR alpha-beta and either CD4 or CD8 molecule (single positive, SP). However, a small number of T cells lack both CD4 and CD8 (double negative, DN). Increased percentages of alpha-beta DN T cells have been identified in some autoimmune and immunodeficiency disorders. Gamma-delta T cells are primarily found within the epithelium. They show less TCR diversity and recognize antigens differently than alpha-beta T cells. Subsets of gamma-delta T cells have shown antitumor and immunoregulatory activity.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.