Recommended positive controls: H1299, HeLaS3.
Predicted reactivity: Rhesus Monkey (100%).
Store product as a concentrated solution. Centrifuge briefly prior to opening the vial.
Thioredoxins (Trx) are small, multi-functional proteins with oxidoreductase activity and are ubiquitous in essentially all living cells. Trx contains a redox-active disulfide/dithiol group within the conserved Cys-Gly-Pro-Cys active site. The two cysteine residues in the conserved active centers can be oxidized to form intramolecular disulfide bonds. Reduction of the active site disulfide in oxidized Trx is catalyzed by Trx reductase with NADPH as the electron donor. The reduced Trx is a hydrogen donor for ribonucleotide reductase, the essential enzyme for DNA synthesis, and a potent general protein disulfide reductase with numerous functions in growth and redox regulations. Specific protein disulfide targets for reduction by Trx include protein disulfide-isomerase (PDI) and a number of transcription factors such as p53, NF-kB and AP-1 (T1-151). Trx is also capable of removing H2O2, particularly when it is coupled with either methionine sulfoxide reductase or several isoforms of peroxiredoxins.
⚠WARNING: This product can expose you to chemicals including mercury, which is known to the State of California to cause birth defects or other reproductive harm. For more information go to www.P65Warnings.ca.gov.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.
Protein Aliases: ADF; ATL-derived factor; DKFZp686B1993; Hom s Trx; MGC61975; RP11-427L11.1; SASP; Surface-associated sulphydryl protein; testicular tissue protein Li 199; Thioredoxin; thioredoxin delta 3; Trx; TXN delta 3
Gene Aliases: ADF; AW550880; TRDX; TRX; TRX1; TXN; Txn1
Molecular Function: oxidoreductase