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|Tested species reactivity||Human|
|Host / Isotype||Rabbit / IgG|
|Immunogen||Synthetic peptide derived from internal region of human topoisomerase I protein.|
|Purification||Antigen affinity chromatography|
|Storage buffer||PBS, pH 7.6, with 1% BSA|
|Contains||<0.1% sodium azide|
|Storage Conditions||4° C, do not freeze|
|Tested Applications||Dilution *|
|Immunohistochemistry (Paraffin) (IHC (P))||1:50|
* Suggested working dilutions are given as a guide only. It is recommended that the user titrate the product for use in their own experiment using appropriate negative and positive controls.
Heat-mediated antigen retrieval is recommended prior to staining, using a 10mM citrate buffer, pH 6.0, for 10 minutes followed by cooling at room temperature for 20 min. Following antigen retrieval, incubate samples with primary antibody for 30 min at room temperature. A suggested positive control is breast carcinoma.
Topoisomerases are nuclear enzymes involved in a variety of cellular activities such as chromosome condensation, DNA replication, transcription, recombination and segregation at mitosis. Human topoisomerase I is a 100kDa protein capable of relaxing positively and negatively supercoiled DNA by performing a transient single stranded nick which is then relegated at the end of the reaction. It has been shown that the enzyme is located in regions of the genome that are undergoing active RNA synthesis, where it probably reduces superhelical stresses in the DNA, enabling RNA polymerase to function properly. Both DNA topoisomerases I and II have been found to be targets of autoantibodies in the sera of patients with certain autoimmune diseases such as systemic lupus erythematosus, and also of some anti tumor drugs and antibiotics. Elevated levels of DNA topoisomerase I, detected by transfer assays, have been demonstrated in colorectal tumors compared with normal colon mucosa as a result of increased transcription or mRNA stability.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.
TOPI; type I DNA topoisomerase