Recombinant rabbit monoclonal antibodies are produced using in vitro expression systems. The expression systems are developed by cloning in the specific antibody DNA sequences from immunoreactive rabbits. Then, individual clones are screened to select the best candidates for production. The advantages of using recombinant rabbit monoclonal antibodies include: better specificity and sensitivity, lot-to-lot consistency, animal origin-free formulations, and broader immunoreactivity to diverse targets due to larger rabbit immune repertoire.
The mammalian thioredoxin reductases (TrxRs) are a family of selenocysteine-containing pyridine nucleotide-disulfide oxidoreductases. All the mammalian TrxRs are homologous to glutathione reductase with respect to primary structure including the conserved redox catalytic site (-Cys-Val-Asn-Val-Gly-Cys-) but distinctively with a C-terminal extension containing a catalytically active penultimate selenocysteine (SeCys) residue in the conserved sequence (-Gly-Cys-SeCys-Gly). TrxR is homodimeric protein in which each monomer includes an FAD prosthetic group, a NADPH binding site and a redox catalytic site. Electrons are transferred from NADPH via FAD and the active-site disulfide to C-terminal SeCys-containing redox center, which then reduces the substrate like thioredoxin. The members of TrxR family are 55-58 kilodalton in molecular size and composed of three isoforms including cytosolic TrxR1, mitochondrial TrxR2, and TrxR3, known as Trx and GSSG reductase (TGR). TrxR plays a key role in protection of cells against oxidative stress and redox-regulatory mechanism of transcription factors and various biological phenomena.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.
Protein Aliases: gene associated with retinoic and IFN-induced mortality 12 protein; Gene associated with retinoic and interferon-induced mortality 12 protein; GRIM-12; KM-102-derived reductase-like factor; NADPH-dependent thioredoxin reductase; oxidoreductase; selenoprotein oxidoreductase; testis tissue sperm-binding protein Li 46a; Thioredoxin reductase 1, cytoplasmic; thioredoxin reductase GRIM-12; Thioredoxin reductase TR1; TR; TR alpha
Gene Aliases: GRIM-12; GRIM12; KDRF; TR; TR1; TRXR1; TXNR; TXNRD1