This product is preservative free. It is recommended to add sodium azide to avoid contamination (final concentration 0.05%-0.1%).
Recombinant rabbit monoclonal antibodies are produced using in vitro expression systems. The expression systems are developed by cloning in the specific antibody DNA sequences from immunoreactive rabbits. Then, individual clones are screened to select the best candidates for production. The advantages of using recombinant rabbit monoclonal antibodies include: better specificity and sensitivity, lot-to-lot consistency, animal origin-free formulations, and broader immunoreactivity to diverse targets due to larger rabbit immune repertoire.
This antibody has specificity for Human Tryptophan Hydroxylase 1/TPH1.
Tryptophan hydroxylase (TPH) catalyzes the 5-hydroxylation of tryptophan, which is the first step in the biosynthesis of indoleamines (serotonin and melatonin) (Martinez et al., 2001). In mammals, serotonin biosynthesis occurs predominantly in neurons which originate in the Raphe nuclei of the brain, and melatonin synthesis takes place within the pineal gland. Although TPH catalyzes the same reaction within the Raphe nuclei and the pineal gland, TPH activity is rate-limiting for serotonin but not melatonin biosynthesis. Serotonin functions mainly as a neurotransmitter, whereas melatonin is the principal hormone secreted by the pineal gland. The activity of TPH is enhanced by phosphorylation by cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) and Ca2+/calmodulin kinase II (CAM K II) (Jiang et al., 2000; Johansen et al., 1996). Both PKA and CAM K II phosphorylate Ser58 which lies within the regulatory domain of TPH (Kuhn et al., 1997).
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.
Protein Aliases: indoleacetic acid-5-hydroxylase; L-tryptophan hydroxylase; TPH; TPH1; TPRH; Tryptophan 5 hydroxylase 1; Tryptophan 5 monooxygenase 1; Tryptophan 5-hydroxylase 1; Tryptophan 5-monooxygenase 1; tryptophan hydroxylase (tryptophan 5-monooxygenase); Tryptophan hydroxylase 1
Gene Aliases: TPH; TPH1; TPRH; TRPH
UniProt ID: (Human) P17752
Entrez Gene ID: (Human) 7166