Tyrosinase is a copper-containing metalloglycoprotein that catalyzes several steps in the melanin pigment biosynthetic pathway; the hydroxylation of tyrosine to L-3,4-dihydroxy-phenylalanine (dopa), and the subsequent oxidation of dopa to dopaquinone. Mutations of the tyrosinase gene occur in various forms of albinism. Tyrosinase is one of the targets for cytotoxic T-cell recognition in melanoma patients.
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Protein Aliases: Albino locus protein; LB24-AB; Monophenol monooxygenase; oculocutaneous albinism IA; SK29-AB; Tumor rejection antigen AB; Tyrosinase
Gene Aliases: albino; ATN; c; CMM8; OCA1; OCA1A; OCAIA; SHEP3; skc35; TYR