The vesicular monoamine transporter acts to accumulate cytosolic monoamines into synaptic vesicles, using the proton gradient maintained across the synaptic vesicular membrane. Its proper function is essential to the correct activity of the monoaminergic systems that have been implicated in several human neuropsychiatric disorders. The transporter is a site of action of important drugs, including reserpine and tetrabenazine (Peter et al., 1993 [PubMed 7905859]).
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Protein Aliases: monoamine neurotransmitter transporter; Monoamine transporter; solute carrier family 18 (vesicular monoamine transporter), member 2; solute carrier family 18 (vesicular monoamine), member 2; Solute carrier family 18 A2 (vesicular monoamine transporter 2); Solute carrier family 18 member 2; solute carrier family 18, member 2; SVAT; SVMT; Synaptic vesicular amine transporter; VAT2; vesicle monoamine transporter type 2; vesicle monoamine/H+ antiporter; Vesicular amine transporter 2; VMAT2
Gene Aliases: MNAT; SLC18A2; SVAT; SVMT; VAT2; VMAT-2; VMAT2
Molecular Function: amino acid transporter