Positive test controls include: BT-474, OVCAR3, 293T, MCF7, Mouse lung, Mouse heart, Mouse brain. The target is usually found in the following locations: Cell junction, Cell junction, Cell membrane, Cytoplasm, Cytoplasmic side, Peripheral membrane protein, adherens junction, cytoskeleton.
Alpha catenin is a member of the b-catenin family of cytosolic proteins. Alpha catenin interacts with N-cadherin and b-catenin on the cytosolic side of adherins junctions to mediate the interaction with the actin cytoskeleton. Alpha catenin is a homodimer in solution, but dissociates to form a 1:1 heterodimer with b-catenin in order to interact with cadherins. It also regulates morphological plasticity of synapses and cerebellar and hippocampal lamination during development. Alpha catenin also functions in the control of the startle modulation.
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Protein Aliases: 102 kDa cadherin-associated protein; alpha E catenin; Alpha E-catenin; Alpha N-catenin; alpha(E)-catenin; alpha(N)-catenin; alpha-catenin; Alpha-catenin-related protein; alpha-E-catenin; alpha-N-catenin; alphaE-catenin; alphaN-catenin; cadherin associated protein; Cadherin-associated protein; cadherin-associated protein, related; cancer/testis antigen 114; CAP102; catenin; catenin (cadherin associated protein), alpha 1; catenin (cadherin-associated protein), alpha 1, 102kDa; catenin (cadherin-associated protein), alpha 2; catenin alpha 1; catenin alpha 2; Catenin alpha-1; Catenin alpha-2; Catenin alpha1; Catenin alpha2; catenin, alpha 1; Catenin-alpha1; Catenin-alpha2; cerebellar deficient folia; FLJ36832; FLJ52416; HGNC:2509; NY-REN-13 antigen; Renal carcinoma antigen NY-REN-13
Gene Aliases: 2010010M04Rik; AA517462; AI481747; AI988031; CAP-R; CAP102; CAPR; Catna; Catna1; Catna2; cdf; chp; CT114; CTNNA1; CTNNA2; CTNR; MDPT2
Molecular Function: non-motor actin binding protein