Description: The 15B8 monoclonal antibody reacts with human and mouse beta-catenin, one member of a family of catenins, which are intracellular proteins that interact with cadherins to mediate cellular adhesion. More specifically, beta-catenin binds to the cytoplasmic tail of E-cadherin. In addition, this molecule is a component of the canonical Wnt signaling pathway. In the absence of Wnt binding its receptor, beta-catenin is phosphorylated and resides in the cytoplasm where it is eventually targeted for degradation by ubiquitination. Upon Wnt binding, beta-catenin becomes dephosphorylated, translocates to the nucleus, and modulates gene expression in partnership with the transcription factors T cell factor (TCF) and lymphocyte enhancer binding factor (LEF). Expression of beta-catenin is found in a wide variety of non-immune and immune tissues, including thymocytes and T and B lymphocytes. The Wnt and beta-catenin signaling pathway has been demonstrated to play a crucial role in the development of T, B, and hematopoietic stem cells.
Applications Reported: This 15B8 antibody has been reported for use in intracellular staining followed by flow cytometric analysis, immunoprecipitation, western blotting, and immunohistochemical staining of formalin-fixed paraffin embedded tissue sections. (Fluorochrome conjugated 15B8 is recommended for use in intracellular flow cytometry.).
Applications Tested: This 15B8 antibody has been tested by western blot analysis on reduced cell lysates prepared from the Jurkat cell line. This antibody can be used at 1-5 µg/mL. This antibody has been tested by immunohistchemistry of formalin-fixed paraffin embedded human tissue using low or high pH antigen retrieval and can be used at less than or equal to 5 µg/mL. It is recommended that the antibody be carefully titrated for optimal performance in the assay of interest.
Purity: Greater than 90%, as determined by SDS-PAGE.
Aggregation: Less than 10%, as determined by HPLC.
Filtration: 0.2 µm post-manufacturing filtered.
Beta-catenin, an adherens junction (AJ) protein, was originally identified as a component of cell-cell adhesion structures. AJs are necessary for the creation and maintenance of epithelial cell layers by regulating cell growth and adhesion between cells. Beta-catenin interacts with the cytoplasmic domain of E-cadherin and links E-cadherin to alpha-catenin, which in turn mediates anchorage of the E-cadherin complex to the cortical actin cytoskeleton. Studies show that Beta-catenin also binds to another cytoskeletal complex containing the adenomatous polyposis coli protein and microtubules, and interacts with several signaling pathways that include tyrosine kinases, phosphatases and Wnt/Wingless. The interplay between beta-catenin, cytoskeletal complexes and signaling pathways may regulate morphogenesis. Beta-catenin is expressed in several hair follicle cell types, basal and peripheral matrix cells, and cells of the outer and inner root sheats. A pathological role of beta-catenin has been identified in pilomatrixoma (PTR), medulloblastoma (MDB), colorectal cancer (CRC), ovarian cancer, and tumor development. In the nucleus, beta-catenin serves to co activate a family of Lef/Tcf transcription factors that stimulate transcription of target genes including those encoding cyclin D and c-myc that promote cell proliferation. The influence on cell proliferation is the molecular basis for the role of beta-catenin in tumorgenesis, specifically, solid tumors of the breast, colon, liver, lung, gastric, prostate, and skin.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.
Protein Aliases: Bcatenin; Beta-catenin; Betacatenin; C20orf33; catenin; catenin (cadherin-associated protein), beta 1; catenin (cadherin-associated protein), beta 1, 88kDa; Catenin b 1; Catenin b1; Catenin beta-1; Catenin beta1; Catenin β 1; Catenin β1; CTNB1; dJ633O20.1; DKFZp686D02253; FLJ25606; FLJ37923; NYD-SP19; OTTHUMP00000209289; P14L; PP8304; RP5-1118M15.1; β catenin; βcatenin
Gene Aliases: armadillo; Bfc; Catnb; CTNNB; CTNNB1; Mesc; MRD19; OK/SW-cl.35; PRO2286