When drilling, it is essential to determine the presence of swelling clays such as smectite or bentonite. Swelling clays can get sticky, ball up around drill bits, cause headaches for drilling contractors and increase capital. Hence the need to identify the clay mineral composition of the shale.
X-ray diffraction (XRD) is a versatile and nondestructive analytical technique that can quickly obtain detailed structural and phase information of materials. XRD analysis provides high-performance results in a wide range of industrial and research applications including metals and minerals.
XRD is also instrumental in the determination of the composition of scale. Scale formation in the wellbore and pipelines during upstream processes can result in production disruptions and declines in revenue. Identifying the location and composition of scale deposits is the first step in designing a cost-effective remediation program.
Watch this 16-minute on-demand webinar to learn more about the uses and benefits of X-ray diffraction for routine scale analysis to mineral identification and quantification in exploration.