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|Latin Name||Tilia cordata|
|Other Names||Basswood, European lime, Small-leaved European linden, Small leaved lime, Small-leaved linden|
Linden pollen can cause asthma, allergic rhinitis and allergic conjunctivitis (1-3).
A study assessing the aeroallergen sensitisation in an allergic population in Portugal found that high pollen counts could explain the early sensitisation occurring, even in young children. Linden tree was found to be one of the most representative aeroallergens, resulting in sensitisation in 11.4 % of 557 paediatric (< or = 15 years old) patients. Other aeroallergens were grasses (44.9 %), D. pteronyssinus (32.5 %), D. farinae (29.1 %), Olea europea (27.5 %), Parietaria judaica (23.4 %), Cat dander (16.1 %), Artemisia vulgaris (17.6 %), Robinia pseudoacacia (12.2 %), Platanus acerifolia (11.4 %), moulds (11.2 %), Plantago lanceolata (10.6 %), Dog dander (10.4 %), and Pinus radiata (7.5 %) (4).
Sensitisation to the closely related T. platyphyllos has been reported among children with respiratory allergy in the Trakya region of Turkey (5).
Occupational contact dermatitis with rhinoconjunctivitis due to T. cordata and colophonium exposure in a cosmetician has been reported (6). Contact urticaria has been reported (7).
No allergens from this plant have yet been characterised.
Assessment of serum of a 21-year-old individual allergic to Linden tree demonstrated several protein bands, mainly at approximately 50 kDa, but also at approximately 23 and 10 kDa (1).
Cross-reactivity among the different species of the genus could be expected (3).
Last reviewed: April 2022