The InstantOne™ ELISA is specifically engineered for accurate measurement of human, mouse, and hamster total AKT 1 and phosphorylated AKT 1/2/3 (Thr308 and Ser473) in cell lysates. Detection of phosphorylated rat AKT 1/2/3 (Thr308 and Ser473) and total rat AKT 1 is also expected. The InstantOne™ ELISA kit allows for fast analysis of samples in approximately one hour. All reagents used in a traditional sandwich ELISA are added in solution to a plate followed by a wash step and detection with the TMB colorimetric substrate.
AKT (protein kinase B, PKB, RAS-alpha) is a 57kDa serine/threonine kinase that plays an important role in diverse biological responses such as regulation of metabolism, cell survival and growth by phosphorylating multiple proteins. AKT is activated by insulin, PI3K, IGF1 and various other growth and survival factors. AKT promotes cell survival by inhibiting apoptosis through phosphorylation and inactivation of several targets, including forkhead transcription factors, and caspase-9. There are three mammalian isoforms of Akt: AKT1 (PKB alpha), AKT2 (PKB beta) and AKT3 (PKB gamma) with AKT2 and AKT3 being approximately 82% identical with the AKT1 isoform. Each isoform has a pleckstrin homology (PH) domain, a kinase domain and a carboxy terminal regulatory domain. AKT was originally cloned from the retrovirus AKT8, and is a key regulator of many signal transduction pathways. The AKT pathway is a major target for cancer therpeutics where AKT signaling dysfunction has implicated in many types of cancer, including cancer syndromes known as phakomatoses.
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