The Canine Interleukin 8 (Dog IL-8) ELISA quantitates Dog IL-8 in canine serum, plasma, or cell culture medium. The assay will exclusively recognize both natural and recombinant Dog IL-8.
Principle of the method
The Canine IL-8 solid-phase sandwich ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) is designed to measure the amount of the target bound between a matched antibody pair. A target-specific antibody has been pre-coated in the wells of the supplied microplate. Samples, standards, or controls are then added into these wells and bind to the immobilized (capture) antibody. The sandwich is formed by the addition of the second (detector) antibody, a substrate solution is added that reacts with the enzyme-antibody-target complex to produce measurable signal. The intensity of this signal is directly proportional to the concentration of target present in the original specimen.
Each manufactured lot of this ELISA kit is quality tested for criteria such as sensitivity, specificity, precision, and lot-to-lot consistency. See manual for more information on validation.
Interleukin 8 (IL-8, CXCL8) is a 72 amino acid pro-inflammatory factor which belongs to the CXC subfamily of chemokines, and are bound by the cell surface receptors IL-8RA and IL-8RB. IL-8 functions as a chemoattractant and potent angiogenic factor. The expression and secretion of IL-8 can be induced by diverse inflammatory stimuli in many cells, including macrophages and endothelial cells. In endothelial cells, IL-8 is present in storage vesicles called Weibel-Palade bodies. IL-8, first isolated from osteosarcoma cells, contains the ELR-motif (N-terminal Glu-Leu-Arg amino acid sequence) and signals through the CXCR1 and CXCR2 receptors. Previous nomenclature for IL-8 includes neutrophil activating protein 1 (NAP-1), granulocyte chemotactic protein 1 (GCP-1), monocyte-derived neutrophil-activating peptide (MONAP) and protein 3-10C. IL-8 and ten other members of the CXC chemokine gene family form a chemokine gene cluster in a region mapped to chromosome 4q. Cancer studies have demonstrated a role for IL-8 in the angiogenesis and growth of tumours, and IL-8 is believed to play a role in the pathogenesis of bronchiolitis, a common respiratory tract disease caused by viral infection.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.