The Thermo Scientific Pierce RNA 3'-End Desthiobiotinylation Kit contains reagents for easy and efficient desthiobiotin labeling of RNA for use as probes or as antibody alternatives for enrichment of RNA binding proteins.
Features of the RNA 3'-End Desthiobiotinylation Kit:
– a single biotin labels has similar detection sensitivity as radioactivity
• Easy to use
– RNA ligase and optimized reaction buffer are included
– only a fraction of the cost purchasing synthetic biotinylated RNA probes
– results in minimal disturbance of RNA secondary structure
– desthiobiotin label may be used for detection or as an affinity handle for streptavidin resin
The Pierce RNA 3'-End Desthiobiotinylation Kit is optimized for labeling the 3'-end of single-stranded RNA using T4 RNA ligase. Once labeled, the RNA can be used as a probe or target for gel-shift EMSA reactions, Northern blots and protein-RNA interaction experiments. The desthiobiotinylated RNA also can be used to enrich for RNA binding proteins (RBP) using streptavidin affinity resin, because the desthiobiotin
tag binds to streptavidin in a manner which allows gentle elution of the ribonucleoprotein complex. The labeling kit is also included as a component of the Thermo Scientific Pierce Magnetic RNA-Protein Pull-Down Kit.Includes:
Desthiobiotinylated cytidine bisphosphate, T4 RNA ligase and buffer, unlabeled RNA oligonucleotide for use as a positive control, a biotinylated RNA probe standard, RNase inhibitor, glycogen, and ligation enhancing reagentsApplications:
• Northern blotting
• Enrichment of RNA binding proteins (RBP)
This RNA labeling kit uses T4 RNA ligase to attach a single desthiobiotinylated cytidine bisphosphate to the 3-'end of single-stranded RNA. Each labeling reaction was designed for 50 pmol of RNA; however, reactions may be scaled (1 pmol to 1nmol have been tested), if necessary. The reaction uses a 20-fold excess of desthiobiotinylated nucleotide and requires incubation times from 30 minutes at 37°C (for less complex RNA) to overnight at 4 to 16°C (for longer or more complex RNA). Optimization of the labeling efficiency for complex RNA structures is achieved by altering the RNA:nucleotide ratio, increasing the incubation time, or by adding DMSO to relax the RNA structure. After organic extraction and precipitation with ethanol, the desthiobiotin
-labeled RNA is ready for use in downstream applications.
Example experiments with different RNA molecules demonstrate the robustness of the ligation reaction. Synthetic RNA and in vitro
transcribed RNA were evaluated, and ligations efficiencies were determined by semi-quantitative dot blot using a synthetic biotinylated RNA as the 100% labeled control (Table). Ligation efficiencies were all greater than 50%, with many greater than 70%. The kit control RNA had greater than 90% efficiency, and serves as an indicator of the overall reaction conditions and reagents. Further optimization was necessary for RNA having significant secondary structure, and refolding was required for in vitro
transcribed RNA after ligation.
A pull-down assay involving the let-7 miRNA:Lin28 interaction demonstrates the experimental functionality of desthiobiotinylated-labeled RNA. The developmentally regulated Lin28 protein is a selective inhibitor of let-7 miRNA processing through binding to a loop region of let-7 pre-miRNA. To test this interaction, the loop portion of let-7 miRNA was end-labeled with desthiobiotinylated cytidine and attached to streptavidin magnetic beads. Beads were subsequently incubated with embryonal carcinoma cell lysate (NCCIT) in Protein-RNA binding buffer. Samples were eluted and assayed by Western blotting. The results indicate that the labeled let-7 miRNA specifically enriched Lin28 protein from NCCIT lysate, while an unrelated RNA did not.
This kit is also included in The Pierce Magnetic RNA-Protein Pull-Down Kit and utilizes the labeling kit in conjunction with optimized binding, wash, and elution buffers to enrich RNA binding proteins.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures.