Invitrogen™

Glutathione Reductase Fluorescent Activity Kit

Catalog number:  EIAGRF

 Related applications:

Protein Assays and Analysis

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Description

The Glutathione Reductase Activity research-use-only kit is a fluorescent activity assay designed for the quantification and detection of glutathione reductase activity in serum, plasma, RBCs and cell lysates.

This complete, ready-to-use kit includes black 96-well plate(s), glutathione reductase standard (200 mU/mL), glutathione reductase substrate, and other components to perform the assay. A 96-well microplate reader capable of reading the fluorescent emission at 510 nm, with excitation at 390 nm, is required for use of this kit.

Performance characteristics
• Assay type: fluorescent activity kit
• Sample types: serum, plasma, RBCs, and cell lysates
• Sensitivity: 0.009 mU/mL
• Standard curve range: 0.15 mU/mL–5 mU/mL
• Reactivity: human

Background
Glutathione Reductase (GR) plays an indirect but essential role in the prevention of oxidative damage within the cell by helping to maintain appropriate levels of intracellular glutathione (GSH). GSH, in conjuction with the enzyme glutathione peroxidase (GP), is the acting reductant responsible for minimizing harmful hydrogen peroxide cellular levels. The regeneration of GSH is catalyzed by GR. GR is a ubiquitous 100-120 kDa dimeric flavoprotein that catalyzes the reduction of oxidized glutathione (GSSG) to reduced glutathione, using beta-nicotinamide dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) as the hydrogen donor.

Molecules such as NADPH act as hydride donors in a variety of enzymatic processes. NADPH has been suggested to also act as an indirectly operating antioxidant, given its role in the re-reduction of GSSG to GSH and thus maintaining the anti-oxidative power of glutathione. This assay has been validated for human serum, EDTA and heparin plasma, and isolated erythrocytes. Most cell lysates should also be compatible. GR activity varies across tissues and species, however this kit may measure GR activity from sources other than human.

Assay principle
The Glutathione Reductase Activity kit is designed to quantitatively measure Glutathione Reductase (GR) activity in a variety of samples. A GR standard is provided to generate a standard curve for the assay and all samples should be read off the standard curve. The kit utilizes a proprietary non-fluorescent detection reagent that will covalently bind to the free thiol group on GSH generated in the reduction of oxidized glutathione (GSSG) to yield a highly fluorescent product. After mixing the sample or standard with detection reagent and incubating at room temperature, the fluorescent product is read at 510 nm in a fluorescent plate reader with excitation at 390 nm

Related links
Learn more about ELISA kits
Learn more about other immunoassays

For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures.

Specifications

Immunoassay Kit Format: Activity Kit
Target (Kit Named): Glutathione Reductase
For Use With (Equipment): Microplate Reader
Product Size: 96 tests
Shipping Condition: Approved for shipment on Wet or Dry Ice

Contents & storage

96-well plate(s), standard, detection reagent, assay buffer, substrate, and lot-specific technical data sheet.

Store at –20°C.

Documents

Manuals & protocols