The Human Bone Morphogenic Protein 2 (Hu BMP-2) ELISA quantitates Hu BMP-2 in human serum, plasma, or cell culture medium. The assay will exclusively recognize both natural and recombinant Hu BMP-2.
Principle of the method
The Human BMP-2 solid-phase sandwich ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) is designed to measure the amount of the target bound between a matched antibody pair. A target-specific antibody has been pre-coated in the wells of the supplied microplate. Samples, standards, or controls are then added into these wells and bind to the immobilized (capture) antibody. The sandwich is formed by the addition of the second (detector) antibody, a substrate solution is added that reacts with the enzyme-antibody-target complex to produce measurable signal. The intensity of this signal is directly proportional to the concentration of target present in the original specimen.
Bone Morphogenic Proteins (BMP) are members of the TGF-beta superfamily that affect bone and cartilage formation (Hogan 1996, Reddi 1998 and Francis-West et al. 1999). Mature BMPs are 30-38 kDa proteins that assume a TGF-beta -like cysteine knot configuration. Lovostatin increases bone formation by turning on the bmp-2 gene (Mundy et al. 1999). BMPs stimulate the production of specific bone matrix proteins and alter stromal cell and osteoclast proliferation (Macias et al. 1999, Lecanda et al. 1997). BMPs may also be an important factor for development of the viscera, with roles in cell proliferation, apoptosis, differentiation, and morphogenesis (Hogan 1996, Dale and Wardle 1999). BMPs appear to be responsible for normal dorsal/ventral patterning. Like TGF-beta, BMPs bind to a type II receptor, which then recruits the transducing type I receptor unit, activating the Smad protein signaling pathway (Massague 1994, Derynck 1997, Attisano 1993).
Each manufactured lot of this ELISA kit is quality tested for criteria such as sensitivity, specificity, precision, and lot-to-lot consistency. See manual for more information on validation.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.