The Human CD26/DPP4 ELISA quantitates Hu CD26 in human serum, plasma, or cell culture medium. The assay will exclusively recognize both natural and recombinant Hu CD26.
Principle of the method
The Human CD26 solid-phase sandwich ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) is designed to measure the amount of the target bound between a matched antibody pair. A target-specific antibody has been pre-coated in the wells of the supplied microplate. Samples, standards, or controls are then added into these wells and bind to the immobilized (capture) antibody. The sandwich is formed by the addition of the second (detector) antibody, a substrate solution is added that reacts with the enzyme-antibody-target complex to produce measurable signal. The intensity of this signal is directly proportional to the concentration of target present in the original specimen.
CD26 (dipeptidyl peptidase IV, DPP IV), adenosine deaminase (ADA) binding protein) is a homodimeric atypical serine protease belonging to the prolyl oligopeptidase family. CD26 is expressed on lymphocyte cells and is upregulated during T-cell activation. CD26 is also expressed on activated B cells and natural killer cells and abundantly on epithelia. CD26 is implicated in a variety of biological functions including T-cell activation, cell adhesion with extracellular matrix such as fibronectin or collagens, and in HIV infection. Cross-linking of CD26 using this antibody dramatically enhances the anti CD3-induced IL - 2 production. CD26 identical to adenosine deaminase complexing protein-2, and to the T-cell activation antigen CD26. Further, CD26 is an intrinsic membrane glycoprotein and a serine exopeptidase that cleaves X-proline dipeptides from the N-terminus of polypeptides. Alterations in CD26 peptidase activity are characteristic of malignant transformation, and the enzymatic activity increases dramatically with tumor grade and severity. CD26 is expressed in various blood cell types, but also in cells that are histogenetically related to activated fibroblasts. Alterations in CD26 density have been reported on circulating monocytes and CD4+ T cells during rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus.
Each manufactured lot of this ELISA kit is quality tested for criteria such as sensitivity, specificity, precision, and lot-to-lot consistency. See manual for more information on validation.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.