The Human Furin ELISA quantitates Hu Furin in human serum, plasma, or cell culture medium. The assay will exclusively recognize both natural and recombinant Hu Furin.
Principle of the method
The Human Furin solid-phase sandwich ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) is designed to measure the amount of the target bound between a matched antibody pair. A target-specific antibody has been pre-coated in the wells of the supplied microplate. Samples, standards, or controls are then added into these wells and bind to the immobilized (capture) antibody. The sandwich is formed by the addition of the second (detector) antibody, a substrate solution is added that reacts with the enzyme-antibody-target complex to produce measurable signal. The intensity of this signal is directly proportional to the concentration of target present in the original specimen.
Furin is a membrane-associated, calcium-dependent, serine protease that belongs to the subtilisin-like prohormone convertase (PC) family. Members of this family of cellular enzymes cleave most prohormones and neuropeptide precursors. Numerous other cellular proteins, some viral proteins, and bacterial toxins that are transported by the constitutive secretory pathway are also targeted for maturation by PCs. Furin and other PC family members share structural similarities which include a heterogeneous ~10 kDa amino-terminal proregion, a highly conserved ~55 kDa subtilisin-like catalytic domain, and carboxyl-terminal domain that is heterogeneous in length and sequence. These enzymes become catalytically active following proregion cleavage within the appropriate cellular compartment. Furin is the only known PC to possess a transmembrane domain. Cleavage of target proteins occurs at the carboxyl-terminus of the furin consensus sequence, RX(K/R)R. It has been shown that the acidic peptide sequence, C771PSDSEEDEG780, localizes furin to the trans-Golgi-network. Phosphorylation of serine residues within this region modulates intracellular routing of furin protein. An additional signaling domain includes the tetrapeptide sequence, Y759KGL762, which directs internalization from the cell surface.
Each manufactured lot of this ELISA kit is quality tested for criteria such as sensitivity, specificity, precision, and lot-to-lot consistency. See manual for more information on validation.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.