The Mouse Amphiregulin (Ms AREG) ELISA quantitates Ms AREG in mouse serum, plasma, or cell culture medium. The assay will exclusively recognize both natural and recombinant Ms AREG.
Principle of the method
The Mouse AREG solid-phase sandwich ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) is designed to measure the amount of the target bound between a matched antibody pair. A target-specific antibody has been pre-coated in the wells of the supplied microplate. Samples, standards, or controls are then added into these wells and bind to the immobilized (capture) antibody. The sandwich is formed by the addition of the second (detector) antibody, a substrate solution is added that reacts with the enzyme-antibody-target complex to produce measurable signal. The intensity of this signal is directly proportional to the concentration of target present in the original specimen.
Amphiregulin (AR) binds to EGF-Receptor (EGFR) with lower affinity than EGF. The mature secreted form AR is an 84-amino acid residue glycosylated polypeptide growth regulator, which is generated by proteolytic processing of a 252-amino acid transmembrane precursor. Seven different polypeptide ligands, which derive from distinct genes, are capable of binding to the extracellular domain of EGFR. These ligands include EGF, TGFalpha, AR, HB-EGF, cripto-1, epiregulin, and betacellulin. All of these growth factors contain a characteristic EGF-like domain which is defined by 6 evenly spaced cysteine residues that generate 3 loops through the formation of disulfide bonds. AR protein has been localized by immunohistochemistry to the epithelium of the colon, stomach, pancreas, breast, and placenta. AR is reportedly overexpressed in human cancers of breast, colon, stomach, and pancreas.
Each manufactured lot of this ELISA kit is quality tested for criteria such as sensitivity, specificity, precision, and lot-to-lot consistency. See manual for more information on validation.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.