Shop All Basal Media

RPMI, no methionine (Gibco™)

Roswell Park Memorial Institute (RPMI) 1640 medium was originally developed to culture human leukemic cells in suspension and as a monolayer. RPMI 1640 medium has since been found suitable for a variety of mammalian cells including HeLa, Jurkat, MCF-7, PC12, PBMC, astrocytes, and carcinomas. We offer a variety of Gibco® RPMI 1640 modifications for a range of cell culture applications. Find the right formulation using our media selector tool.

This RPMI medium is modified as follows:


WithWithout
• L-glutamine• Methionine
• Phenol red• HEPES


Gibco® RPMI 1640 medium is unique from other media because it contains the reducing agent glutathione and high concentrations of vitamins. RPMI 1640 contains biotin, vitamin B12, and PABA, which are not found in Eagle's Minimal Essential Medium or Dulbecco's Modified Eagle Medium. In addition, the vitamins inositol and choline are present in very high concentrations.

Product Intended Use
For Research Use Only. Not intended for animal or human diagnostic or therapeutic use.

cGMP Manufacturing and Quality System
This Gibco® RPMI medium is manufactured at a cGMP compliant facility located in Grand Island, New York. The facility is registered with the FDA as a medical device manufacturer and is certified to ISO 13485 standards.

RPMI 1640 medium contains no proteins, lipids, or growth factors. Therefore, RPMI 1640 medium requires supplementation, commonly with 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS). RPMI 1640 medium uses a sodium bicarbonate buffer system (2.0 g/L) and therefore requires a 5–10% CO2 environment to maintain physiological pH.

MEM, high glucose, high sodium bicarbonate (Gibco™)

Minimum Essential Medium (MEM) is one of the most commonly used of all cell culture media. MEM can be used with a variety of suspension and adherent mammalian cells, including HeLa, BHK-21, 293, HEP-2, HT-1080, MCF-7, fibroblasts, and primary rat astrocytes. We offer a variety of Gibco® MEM modifications for a range of cell culture applications. Find the right formulation using our media selector tool.

This MEM is modified as follows:


WithWithout
• Phenol red• L-glutamine
• 6 g/L D-glucose• HEPES
• 3.7 g/L sodium bicarbonate 


Gibco® MEM, developed by Harry Eagle, was based on his earlier formulation of Basal Medium Eagle (BME). Many other modifications of MEM followed, including Glasgow's MEM, MEM α, DMEM, and Temin's Modification. MEM is available with Earle's salts for use in a CO2 incubator, or with Hanks' salts for use without CO2.

Product Intended Use
For Research Use Only. Not intended for animal or human diagnostic or therapeutic use.

cGMP Manufacturing and Quality System
Gibco® MEM is manufactured at a cGMP compliant facility, located in Grand Island, New York. The facility is registered with the FDA as a medical device manufacturer and is certified to ISO 13485 standards.

MEM contains no proteins, lipids, or growth factors. Therefore, MEM requires supplementation, commonly with 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS). MEM uses a sodium bicarbonate buffer system (2.2 g/L) and therefore requires a 5–10% CO2 environment to maintain physiological pH.

KnockOut™ DMEM/F-12 (Gibco™)

Low osmolality medium without L-glutamine or HEPES buffer optimized for the growth of human embryonic and induced pluripotent stem cells.

Intended use(s):
in vitro diagnostic (IVD).

MEM, NEAA, no glutamine (Gibco™)

MEM (Minimum Essential Medium) is one of the most commonly used of all cell culture media. MEM can be used with a variety of suspension and adherent mammalian cells, including HeLa, BHK-21, 293, HEP-2, HT-1080, MCF-7, fibroblasts, and primary rat astrocytes. We offer a variety of MEM modifications for a range of cell culture applications. Find the right formulation using the media selector tool.

This MEM is modified as follows:
With Without
• NEAA • L-glutamine
• Phenol Red • HEPES

The complete formulation is available.

Using MEM
MEM was developed by Harry Eagle, and was based on his earlier formulation of Basal Medium Eagle (BME). Many other modifications of MEM followed, including Glasgow’s MEM, MEM α, DMEM, and Temin’s Modification. MEM is available with Earle’s salts for use in a CO2 incubator, or with Hanks' salts for use without CO2. This product is made with Earle’s salts. MEM contains no proteins, lipids, or growth factors. Therefore, MEM requires supplementation, commonly with 10% Fetal Bovine Serum (FBS). MEM uses a sodium bicarbonate buffer system (2.2 g/L), and therefore requires a 5–10% CO2 environment to maintain physiological pH.

cGMP manufacturing and quality system
MEM is manufactured at a cGMP-compliant facility located in Grand Island, New York. The facility is registered with the FDA as a medical device manufacturer and is certified to ISO 13485 standards. For supply chain continuity, we offer an identical MEM product made in our Scotland facility (10370-070). This facility is registered with the FDA as a medical device manufacturer and is certified to the ISO 13485 standard.

MEM α, nucleosides, GlutaMAX™ Supplement (Gibco™)

Minimum Essential Medium (MEM) α is widely used for mammalian cell culture as well as selection for transfected DHFR negative cells. MEM α can be used with a variety of suspension and adherent mammalian cells, including keratinocytes, primary rat astrocytes, and human melanoma cells. We offer a variety of Gibco® MEM α modifications for a range of cell culture applications. Find the right formulation using the media selector tool.

This MEM α is modified as follows:

With
• Ribonucleosides
• Deoxyribonucleosides
• Phenol Red
• GlutaMAX™

The complete formulation is available.

Gibco® MEM α is a modification of Minimum Essential Medium (MEM) that contains non-essential amino acids, sodium pyruvate, lipoic acid, vitamin B12, biotin, and ascorbic acid. MEM α is available without nucleosides for use as a selection medium for DG44 and other DHFR negative cells. Gibco® MEM α with GlutaMAX™ supplement minimizes toxic ammonia build-up and improves cell viability and growth in an easy-to-use format. This product is made with Earle’s salts.

Product Intended Use
For in vitro diagnostic use. CAUTION: Not for human or animal therapeutic use. Uses other than the intended use may be a violation of local law.

cGMP Manufacturing and Quality System
Gibco® MEM α is manufactured at a cGMP compliant facility, located in Grand Island, New York. The facility is registered with the FDA as a medical device manufacturer and is certified to ISO 13485 standards. For supply chain continuity, we offer an identical Gibco® MEM α product made in our Scotland facility (32571-028). This facility is registered with the FDA as a medical device manufacturer and is certified to the ISO 13485 standard.

MEM α contains no proteins, lipids, or growth factors. Therefore, MEM α requires supplementation, commonly with 10% Fetal Bovine Serum (FBS). MEM α uses a sodium bicarbonate buffer system (2.2 g/L) and therefore requires a 5-10% CO2 environment to maintain physiological pH.

MEM Rega-3 (Gibco™)

Minimum Essential Medium (MEM) REGA-3 is a modification of the commonly used MEM. The Rega-3 modification is often used to culture HEP-G2 (human liver carcinoma) cells and occasionally other human tumor cells. We offer a variety of Gibco® MEM modifications for a range of cell culture applications. Find the right formulation using the media selector tool.

This MEM is modified as follows:

With Without
• Phenol Red • L-glutamine
• Gentamycin Sulfate • HEPES
• Sodium Bicarbonate

The complete formulation is available.

Gibco® MEM, developed by Harry Eagle, was based on his earlier formulation of Basal Medium Eagle (BME). Many other modifications of MEM followed, including this Rega-3 modification. MEM Rega-3 is unique because it has a reduced sodium bicarbonate concentration, modified salt concentrations, and contains the antibiotic gentamycin sulfate. This product is made with Earle’s salts.

Product Use
For Research Use Only: Not intended for animal or human diagnostic or therapeutic use.

cGMP Manufacturing and Quality System
Gibco® MEM is manufactured at a cGMP compliant facility located in Paisley, Scotland, UK. The facility is registered with the FDA as a medical device manufacturer and is certified to the ISO 13485 standard.

MEM Rega-3 contains no proteins, lipids, or growth factors. Therefore, MEM Rega-3 requires supplementation, commonly with 10% Fetal Bovine Serum (FBS). MEM uses a sodium bicarbonate buffer system (0.85 g ⁄ L) and therefore requires a low CO2 environment to maintain physiological pH.

FluoroBrite™ DMEM (Gibco™)

Gibco® FluoroBrite™ DMEM features a background fluorescence that is comparable to PBS and 90% lower than that emitted by standard phenol red–free DMEM. Formulated to include the required nutrients for routine cell culture when supplemented with 10% fetal bovine serum and 4 mM L-glutamine or GlutaMAX™ Supplement, FluoroBrite™ DMEM is designed to enhance the signal-to-noise ratio of fluorophores, enabling researchers to visualize even the weakest fluorescent events in an environment that promotes optimum cell health. Additional features include:

• Enhancement of fluorescence signal during live-cell imaging
• DMEM-based to help preserve cell health

Live-cell fluorescence microscopy is an essential technique for the visualization of fundamentally important and physiologically relevant biological events. A key challenge with this technique is the ability to image weak fluorophores without causing cell damage, photobleaching, or undesirable changes to cell health. FluoroBrite™ DMEM helps address these issues.

SILAC RPMI 1640 Flex Media, no glucose, no phenol red (Gibco™)

SILAC RPMI 1640 Medium is RPMI 1640 basal cell culture medium without L-arginine, L-glutamine, and L-lysine for use during SILAC protein labeling with stable isotope-labeled lysine and/or arginine. RPMI 1640 Medium is widely used for supporting the growth of many different mammalian cells. Cells successfully cultured in RPMI-1640 include HeLa, Jurkat, MCF-7, PC12, PBMC, astrocytes, and carcinomas. We offer a variety of Gibco™ RPMI 1640 modifications for a range of applications. Find the right modification using the media selector tool.
This RPMI 1640 Medium is modified as follows:
WithWithout
 • Glucose
 • Phenol red
 • HEPES
 • L-arginine
 • L-glutamine
 • L-lysine

RPMI 1640 Medium is unique from other media because it contains the reducing agent glutathione and high concentrations of vitamins. RPMI 1640 Medium contains biotin, vitamin B12, and PABA, which are not found in Eagle's Minimal Essential Medium or Dulbecco's Modified Eagle Medium. In addition, the vitamins inositol and choline are present in very high concentrations. RPMI 1640 Medium contains no proteins, lipids, or growth factors. Therefore, RPMI 1640 Medium requires supplementation, commonly with 10% Fetal Bovine Serum (FBS). SILAC protein labeling experiments should be conducted using Gibco™ Dialyzed FBS. RPMI 1640 Medium uses a sodium bicarbonate buffer system (2.0 g/L), and therefore requires a 5-10% CO2 environment to maintain physiological pH.

cGMP Manufacturing and Quality System
SILAC RPMI 1640 Medium is manufactured at a cGMP-compliant facility located in Grand Island, New York. The facility is registered with the FDA as a medical device manufacturer and is certified to ISO 13485 standards.

Advanced DMEM (Gibco™)

Advanced DMEM (Dulbecco's Modified Eagle Medium) is a widely used basal medium that allows the culture of mammalian cells with reduced Fetal Bovine Serum (FBS) supplementation. Compared to classic DMEM, serum supplementation can be reduced by 50–90% with no change in growth rate or morphology. Cells successfully cultured in Advanced DMEM, with no adaptation, include MDBK, HepG2, COS-7, A549, MDCK, WI-38, and Vero.

This Advanced DMEM is manufactured as follows:
WithWithout
• High glucose• L-glutamine
• Non Essential Amino Acids
• Sodium pyruvate
• Phenol Red

The complete formulation is available.

Using Advanced DMEM
Advanced DMEM is unique from other media due to the addition of the following ingredients to allow for serum reduction: ethanolamine, glutathione, ascorbic acid, insulin, transferrin, AlbuMAX® I lipid-rich bovine serum albumin for cell culture, and the trace elements sodium selenite, ammonium metavanadate, cupric sulfate, and manganous chloride. Advanced DMEM requires supplementation with 1–5% Fetal Bovine Serum and 4 mM L-glutamine or GlutaMAX™ supplement. Many cell lines do not require adaptation to this media. The FBS concentration must be optimized for each cell line to obtain maximum serum reduction. Advanced DMEM uses a sodium bicarbonate buffer system (3.7 g/L), and therefore requires a 5–10% CO2 environment to maintain physiological pH.

cGMP manufacturing and quality system
For supply chain continuity, we manufacture Advanced DMEM at two separate facilities located in Grand Island, NY and Scotland, UK. Both sites are compliant with cGMP manufacturing requirements, are certified to ISO 13485, and are registered with the FDA as medical device manufacturers.

DMEM, powder, high glucose, pyruvate (Gibco™)

DMEM (Dulbecco's Modified Eagle Medium) is a widely used basal medium for supporting the growth of many different mammalian cells. Cells successfully cultured in DMEM include primary fibroblasts, neurons, glial cells, HUVECs, and smooth muscle cells, as well as cell lines such as HeLa, 293, Cos-7, and PC-12. We offer a variety of DMEM modifications for a range of cell culture applications. Find the right formulation using the media selector tool.

This DMEM is modified as follows:
WithWithout
• High Glucose• HEPES
• L-glutamine• Sodium Bicarbonate
• Phenol Red
• Sodium Pyruvate

The complete formulation is available.

Using DMEM
DMEM is unique from other media as it contains 4 times the concentration of amino acids and vitamins than the original Eagle's Minimal Essential Medium. DMEM was originally formulated with low glucose (1 g/L) and sodium pyruvate, but is often used with higher glucose levels, with or without sodium pyruvate. DMEM contains no proteins, lipids, or growth factors. Therefore, DMEM requires supplementation, commonly with 10% Fetal Bovine Serum (FBS). DMEM uses a sodium bicarbonate buffer system (3.7 g/L), and therefore requires a 5–10% CO2 environment to maintain physiological pH. Powder forms of Gibco® cell culture media require sodium bicarbonate supplementation, pH adjustment, and filtration at the time of preparation (see protocol for details).

cGMP manufacturing and quality system
DMEM is manufactured at a cGMP-compliant facility located in Grand Island, New York. The facility is registered with the FDA as a medical device manufacturer and is certified to ISO 13485 standards. For supply chain continuity, we offer a comparable DMEM product made in our Scotland facility (12800-116). This facility is registered with the FDA as a medical device manufacturer and is certified to the ISO 13485 standard.

RPMI 1640 Medium (Gibco™)

RPMI 1640 Medium was originally developed to culture human leukemic cells in suspension and as a monolayer. Roswell Park Memorial Institute (RPMI) 1640 Medium has since been found suitable for a variety of mammalian cells, including HeLa, Jurkat, MCF-7, PC12, PBMC, astrocytes, and carcinomas. We offer a variety of RPMI 1640 Medium modifications for a range of cell culture applications. Find the right formulation using the media selector tool.

This RPMI is modified as follows:
WithWithout
• L-glutamine• HEPES
• Phenol Red

The complete formulation is available.

Using RPMI
RPMI 1640 Medium is unique from other media because it contains the reducing agent glutathione and high concentrations of vitamins. RPMI 1640 Medium contains biotin, vitamin B12, and PABA, which are not found in Eagle's Minimal Essential Medium or Dulbecco's Modified Eagle Medium. In addition, the vitamins inositol and choline are present in very high concentrations. RPMI 1640 Medium contains no proteins, lipids, or growth factors. Therefore, RPMI 1640 Medium requires supplementation, commonly with 10% Fetal Bovine Serum (FBS). RPMI 1640 Medium uses a sodium bicarbonate buffer system (2.0 g/L), and therefore requires a 5–10% CO2 environment to maintain physiological pH.

Product use
For in vitro diagnostic use. CAUTION: Not for human or animal therapeutic use. Uses other than the intended use may be a violation of local law. Customers using Gibco® RPMI 1640 in a manufacturing process, who have a submission with the FDA, may request from us a letter of authorization to reference our Type II Drug Master File (DMF).

cGMP manufacturing and quality system
RPMI 1640 Medium is manufactured at a cGMP-compliant facility located in Grand Island, New York. The facility is registered with the FDA as a medical device manufacturer and is certified to ISO 13485 standards. For supply chain continuity, we offer an identical RPMI 1640 product made in our Scotland facility (21875-034). This facility is registered with the FDA as a medical device manufacturer and is certified to the ISO 13485 standard.

DMEM, high glucose, GlutaMAX™ Supplement, pyruvate (Gibco™)

DMEM (Dulbecco's Modified Eagle Medium) is a widely used basal medium for supporting the growth of many different mammalian cells. Cells successfully cultured in DMEM include primary fibroblasts, neurons, glial cells, HUVECs, and smooth muscle cells, as well as cell lines such as HeLa, 293, Cos-7, and PC-12. We offer a variety of DMEM modifications for a range of cell culture applications. Find the right formulation using the media selector tool.

This DMEM is modified as follows:
WithWithout
• High Glucose• HEPES
• Sodium Pyruvate
• GlutaMAX™
• Phenol Red

The complete formulation is available.

Using DMEM
DMEM is unique from other media as it contains 4 times the concentration of amino acids and vitamins than the original Eagle's Minimal Essential Medium. DMEM was originally formulated with low glucose (1 g/L) and sodium pyruvate, but is often used with higher glucose levels, with or without sodium pyruvate. DMEM with GlutaMAX™ supplement minimizes toxic ammonia build-up and improves cell viability and growth in an easy-to-use format. DMEM contains no proteins, lipids, or growth factors. Therefore, DMEM requires supplementation, commonly with 10% Fetal Bovine Serum (FBS). DMEM uses a sodium bicarbonate buffer system (3.7 g/L), and therefore requires a 5–10% CO2 environment to maintain physiological pH.

Product use
For human ex vivo tissue and cell culture processing applications. CAUTION: When used as a medical device, Federal law restricts this device to sale by or on the order of a physician. Customers using Gibco® DMEM in a manufacturing process, who have a submission with the FDA, may request a letter of authorization from us to reference our Type II Drug Master File (DMF).

cGMP manufacturing and quality system
DMEM is manufactured at a cGMP-compliant facility located in Grand Island, New York. The facility is registered with the FDA as a medical device manufacturer and is certified to ISO 13485 standards. For supply chain continuity, we offer an identical DMEM product made in our Scotland facility (31966-021). This facility is also registered with the FDA as a medical device manufacturer and certified to the ISO 13485 standard.

RPMI 1640 Medium, no glutamine (Gibco™)

RPMI 1640 Medium was originally developed to culture human leukemic cells in suspension and as a monolayer. Roswell Park Memorial Institute (RPMI) 1640 Medium has since been found suitable for a variety of mammalian cells, including HeLa, Jurkat, MCF-7, PC12, PBMC, astrocytes, and carcinomas. We offer a variety of RPMI 1640 Medium modifications for a range of cell culture applications. Find the right formulation using the media selector tool.

This RPMI is modified as follows:
WithWithout
• Phenol Red• HEPES
• L-glutamine

The complete formulation is available.

Using RPMI
RPMI 1640 Medium is unique from other media because it contains the reducing agent glutathione and high concentrations of vitamins. RPMI 1640 Medium contains biotin, vitamin B12, and PABA, which are not found in Eagle's Minimal Essential Medium or Dulbecco's Modified Eagle Medium. In addition, the vitamins inositol and choline are present in very high concentrations. RPMI 1640 Medium contains no proteins, lipids, or growth factors. Therefore, RPMI 1640 Medium requires supplementation, commonly with 10% Fetal Bovine Serum (FBS). RPMI 1640 Medium uses a sodium bicarbonate buffer system (2.0 g/L), and therefore requires a 5–10% CO2 environment to maintain physiological pH.

Product intended use
For in vitro diagnostic use. CAUTION: Not for human or animal therapeutic use. Uses other than the intended use may be a violation of local law. Customers using Gibco® RPMI 1640 in a manufacturing process, who have a submission with the FDA, may request a letter of authorization from us to reference our Type II Drug Master File (DMF).

cGMP manufacturing and quality system
RPMI 1640 Medium is manufactured at a cGMP-compliant facility located in Grand Island, New York. The facility is registered with the FDA as a medical device manufacturer and is certified to ISO 13485 standards. For supply chain continuity, we offer an identical RPMI 1640 product made in our Scotland facility (31870-074). This facility is registered with the FDA as a medical device manufacturer and is certified to the ISO 13485 standard.

RPMI 1640 Medium (Dutch modification) (Gibco™)

Roswell Park Memorial Institute (RPMI) 1640 medium was originally developed to culture human leukemic cells in suspension and as a monolayer. RPMI 1640 has since been found suitable for a variety of mammalian cells including HeLa, Jurkat, MCF-7, PC12, PBMC, astrocytes, and carcinomas. We offer a variety of Gibco® RPMI 1640 modifications for a range of cell culture applications. Find the right formulation using the media selector tool.

This RPMI is modified as follows:

WithWithout
Phenol RedL-glutamine
HEPES
Low sodium bicarbonate
The complete formulation is available.

Gibco® RPMI 1640 is unique from other media because it contains the reducing agent glutathione and high concentrations of vitamins. RPMI 1640 contains biotin, vitamin B12 and PABA which are not found in Eagle's Minimal Essential Medium or Dulbecco's Modified Eagle Medium. In addition, the vitamins inositol and choline are present in very high concentrations. This RPMI formulation has the Dutch modification (addition of HEPES, with sodium bicarbonate lowered to 1 g/L).

Product Intended Use
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures.

cGMP Manufacturing and Quality System
Gibco® RPMI 1640 is manufactured at a cGMP compliant facility, located in Paisley, Scotland, UK. The facility is registered with the FDA as a medical device manufacturer and is certified to the ISO 13485 standard.

RPMI 1640 contains no proteins, lipids, or growth factors. Therefore, RPMI 1640 requires supplementation, commonly with 10% Fetal Bovine Serum (FBS). RPMI 1640 uses a sodium bicarbonate buffer system (1.0 g/L) and therefore requires a 5-7% CO2 environment to maintain physiological pH.

McCoy's 5A (Modified) Medium (Gibco™)

McCoy's 5A (modified) Medium is a general purpose medium that supports the propagation of many types of primary cells, established cell lines, and explants from biopsy tissues. This medium will support the growth of primary mammalian cells derived from normal bone marrow, skin, spleen, kidney, lung, rat embryos, and other tissues.

This McCoy's 5A is modified as follows:
WithWithout
• High Glucose• Sodium Pyruvate
• L-glutamine• HEPES
• Bacto-peptone
• Phenol Red

The complete formulation is available.

Using McCoy's 5A (modified) Medium
Dr. Thomas McCoy originally formulated McCoy's 5A medium as a modification of Basal Medium 5A. Unlike other media, McCoy's 5A contains the reducing agent glutathione, bacto-peptone, and a high level of glucose. This product also includes Dr. Hsu's addition of Hanks' salts to enable use outside a CO2 incubator. McCoy's 5A (modified) Medium requires serum supplementation, commonly with 10% Fetal Bovine Serum (FBS). McCoy's 5A (modified) Medium uses a sodium bicarbonate buffer system (2.2 g/L), and therefore requires a 5–10% CO2 environment to maintain physiological pH.

cGMP manufacturing and quality system
McCoy's 5A (modified) Medium is manufactured at a cGMP-compliant facility located in Grand Island, New York. The facility is registered with the FDA as a medical device manufacturer and is certified to ISO 13485 standards. For supply chain continuity, we offer an identical McCoy's 5A (modified) Medium product made in our Scotland facility (26600-023). This facility is registered with the FDA as a medical device manufacturer and is certified to the ISO 13485 standard.