Shop All Basal Media

RPMI 1640 Medium, powder, HEPES (Gibco™)

Roswell Park Memorial Institute (RPMI) 1640 medium was originally developed to culture human leukemic cells in suspension and as a monolayer. RPMI 1640 has since been found suitable for a variety of mammalian cells including HeLa, Jurkat, MCF-7, PC12, PBMC, astrocytes and carcinomas. Life Technologies offers a variety of Gibco® RPMI 1640 modifications for a range of cell culture applications. Find the right formulation using the media selector tool.

This RPMI is modified as follows:

WithWithout
• L-glutamine• Sodium Bicarbonate
• Phenol Red
• HEPES

The complete formulation is available.

Gibco® RPMI 1640 is unique from other media because it contains the reducing agent glutathione and high concentrations of vitamins. RPMI 1640 contains biotin, vitamin B12 and PABA which are not found in Eagle's Minimal Essential Medium or Dulbecco's Modified Eagle Medium. In addition, the vitamins inositol and choline are present in very high concentrations.

Product Intended Use
For in vitro diagnostic use. CAUTION: Not for human or animal therapeutic use. Uses other than the intended use may be a violation of local law. Customers using Gibco® RPMI 1640 in a manufacturing process, who have a submission with the FDA, may request a letter of authorization from Life Technologies to reference our Type II Drug Master File (DMF).

cGMP Manufacturing and Quality System
Gibco® RPMI 1640 is manufactured at a cGMP compliant facility, located in Grand Island, New York. The facility is registered with the FDA as a medical device manufacturer and is certified to ISO 13485 standards. For supply chain continuity, Life Technologies offers a comparable Gibco® RPMI 1640 product made in our Scotland facility (13018-015). This facility is registered with the FDA as a medical device manufacturer and is certified to the ISO 13485 standard.

RPMI 1640 contains no proteins, lipids, or growth factors. Therefore, RPMI 1640 requires supplementation, commonly with 10% Fetal Bovine Serum (FBS). RPMI 1640 uses a sodium bicarbonate buffer system (2.0 g/L) and therefore requires a 5-10% CO2 environment to maintain physiological pH.

Powder forms of Gibco® cell culture medium require sodium bicarbonate supplementation, pH adjustment, and filtration at the time of preparation (see protocol for details).

McCoy's 5A (Modified) Medium (Gibco™)

McCoy's 5A (modified) Medium is a general purpose medium that supports the propagation of many types of primary cells, established cell lines, and explants from biopsy tissues. This medium will support the growth of primary mammalian cells derived from normal bone marrow, skin, spleen, kidney, lung, rat embryos, and other tissues.

This McCoy's 5A is modified as follows:
WithWithout
• High Glucose• Sodium Pyruvate
• L-glutamine• HEPES
• Bacto-peptone
• Phenol Red

The complete formulation is available.

Using McCoy's 5A (modified) Medium
Dr. Thomas McCoy originally formulated McCoy's 5A medium as a modification of Basal Medium 5A. Unlike other media, McCoy's 5A contains the reducing agent glutathione, bacto-peptone, and a high level of glucose. This product also includes Dr. Hsu's addition of Hanks' salts to enable use outside a CO2 incubator. McCoy's 5A (modified) Medium requires serum supplementation, commonly with 10% Fetal Bovine Serum (FBS). McCoy's 5A (modified) Medium uses a sodium bicarbonate buffer system (2.2 g/L), and therefore requires a 5–10% CO2 environment to maintain physiological pH.

cGMP manufacturing and quality system
McCoy's 5A (modified) Medium is manufactured at a cGMP-compliant facility located in Grand Island, New York. The facility is registered with the FDA as a medical device manufacturer and is certified to ISO 13485 standards. For supply chain continuity, we offer an identical McCoy's 5A (modified) Medium product made in our Scotland facility (26600-080). This facility is registered with the FDA as a medical device manufacturer and is certified to the ISO 13485 standard.

RPMI 1640 Medium (Gibco™)

RPMI 1640 Medium was originally developed to culture human leukemic cells in suspension and as a monolayer. Roswell Park Memorial Institute (RPMI) 1640 Medium has since been found suitable for a variety of mammalian cells, including HeLa, Jurkat, MCF-7, PC12, PBMC, astrocytes, and carcinomas. We offer a variety of RPMI 1640 Medium modifications for a range of cell culture applications. Find the right formulation using the media selector tool.

This RPMI is modified as follows:
WithWithout
• L-glutamine• HEPES
• Phenol Red

The complete formulation is available.

Using RPMI
RPMI 1640 Medium is unique from other media because it contains the reducing agent glutathione and high concentrations of vitamins. RPMI 1640 Medium contains biotin, vitamin B12, and PABA, which are not found in Eagle's Minimal Essential Medium or Dulbecco's Modified Eagle Medium. In addition, the vitamins inositol and choline are present in very high concentrations. RPMI 1640 Medium contains no proteins, lipids, or growth factors. Therefore, RPMI 1640 Medium requires supplementation, commonly with 10% Fetal Bovine Serum (FBS). RPMI 1640 Medium uses a sodium bicarbonate buffer system (2.0 g/L), and therefore requires a 5–10% CO2 environment to maintain physiological pH.

Product use
For in vitro diagnostic use. CAUTION: Not for human or animal therapeutic use. Uses other than the intended use may be a violation of local law. Customers using Gibco® RPMI 1640 in a manufacturing process, who have a submission with the FDA, may request a letter of authorization from us to reference our Type II Drug Master File (DMF).

cGMP manufacturing and quality system
RPMI 1640 Medium is manufactured at a cGMP-compliant facility located in Grand Island, New York. The facility is registered with the FDA as a medical device manufacturer and is certified to ISO 13485 standards. For supply chain continuity, we offer an identical RPMI 1640 product made in our Scotland facility (21875-059). This facility is registered with the FDA as a medical device manufacturer and is certified to the ISO 13485 standard.

Advanced MEM (Gibco™)

Advanced MEM (Minimum Essential medium) is a widely used basal medium that allows the culture of mammalian cells with reduced Fetal Bovine Serum (FBS) supplementation. Compared to classic MEM, serum supplementation can be reduced by 50-90% with no change in growth rate or morphology.i Cells successfully cultured in Advanced DMEM / F-12, with no adaptation, include PK-15, MDCK, Vero, WI-38 and Hep-2.

This Advanced MEM is manufactured as follows:

WithWithout
• Glucose• L-glutamine
• Non Essential Amino Acids• HEPES
• Sodium pyruvate
• Phenol Red

The complete formulation is available.

Gibco® Advanced MEM is unique from other media due to addition of the following ingredients to allow for serum reduction: ethanolamine, glutathione, ascorbic acid, insulin, transferrin, AlbuMAX® I lipid-rich bovine serum albumin for cell culture, and the trace elements sodium selenite, ammonium metavanadate, cupric sulfate, and manganous chloride.

Product Use
For Research Use Only. Not intended for animal or human diagnostic or therapeutic use.

cGMP Manufacturing and Quality System
Gibco® Advanced MEM is manufactured at a cGMP compliant facility located in Grand Island, New York. The facility is registered with the FDA as a medical device manufacturer and is certified to the ISO 13485 standards.

Advanced MEM requires supplementation with 1-5% Fetal Bovine Serum and 4mM L-glutamine or GlutaMAX™ supplement. Many cell lines do not require adaptation to this media. The FBS concentration must be optimized for each cell line to obtain maximum serum reduction. Advanced DMEM uses a sodium bicarbonate buffer system (3.7 g/L) and therefore requires a 5-10% CO2 environment to maintain physiological pH.

iPaul Price, Brad Stiles, David Staines, Ethel Evege, Femi Fatunmbi, Kate Wagner, Lori Nestler, David Jayme. Advanced Media as Alternatives to Classical Basal Media. FOCUS, 2003. 25.2:3-6.

MEM α, nucleosides, powder (Gibco™)

Minimum Essential Medium (MEM) α is widely used for mammalian cell culture as well as selection for transfected DHFR negative cells. MEM α can be used with a variety of suspension and adherent mammalian cells, including keratinocytes, primary rat astrocytes, and human melanoma cells. We offer a variety of Gibco® MEM α modifications for a range of cell culture applications. Find the right formulation using the media selector tool.

This MEM α is modified as follows:

With Without
• Ribonucleosides • Sodium Bicarbonate
• Deoxyribonucleosides
• L-glutamine
• Phenol Red

The complete formulation is available.

Gibco® MEM α is a modification of Minimum Essential Medium (MEM) that contains non-essential amino acids, sodium pyruvate, lipoic acid, vitamin B12, biotin, and ascorbic acid. MEM α is available without nucleosides for use as a selection medium for DG44 and other DHFR negative cells. This product is made with Earle’s salts.

Product Intended Use
For in vitro diagnostic use. CAUTION: Not for human or animal therapeutic use. Uses other than the intended use may be a violation of local law.

cGMP Manufacturing and Quality System
Gibco® MEM α is manufactured at a cGMP compliant facility, located in Grand Island, New York. The facility is registered with the FDA as a medical device manufacturer and is certified to ISO 13485 standards. For supply chain continuity, we offer a comparable Gibco® MEM α product made in our Scotland facility (11900-016). This facility is registered with the FDA as a medical device manufacturer and is certified to the ISO 13485 standard.

MEM α contains no proteins, lipids, or growth factors. Therefore, MEM α requires supplementation, commonly with 10% Fetal Bovine Serum (FBS). MEM α uses a sodium bicarbonate buffer system (2.2 g/L) and therefore requires a 5-10% CO2 environment to maintain physiological pH. Powder forms of Gibco® cell culture medium require sodium bicarbonate supplementation, pH adjustment, and filtration at the time of preparation (see protocol for details).

MEM (Gibco™)

MEM (Minimum Essential Medium) is one of the most commonly used of all cell culture media. MEM can be used with a variety of suspension and adherent mammalian cells, including HeLa, BHK-21, 293, HEP-2, HT-1080, MCF-7, fibroblasts, and primary rat astrocytes. We offer a variety of MEM modifications for a range of cell culture applications. Find the right formulation using the media selector tool.

This MEM is modified as follows:
With Without
• L-glutamine • HEPES
• Phenol Red

The complete formulation is available.

Using MEM
MEM was developed by Harry Eagle, based on his earlier formulation of Basal Medium Eagle (BME). Many other modifications of MEM followed, including Glasgow’s MEM, MEM α, DMEM, and Temin’s Modification. MEM is available with Earle’s salts for use in a CO2 incubator, or with Hanks' salts for use without CO2. This product is made with Earle’s salts. MEM contains no proteins, lipids, or growth factors. Therefore, MEM requires supplementation, commonly with 10% Fetal Bovine Serum (FBS). MEM uses a sodium bicarbonate buffer system (2.2 g/L), and therefore requires a 5–10% CO2 environment to maintain physiological pH.

cGMP manufacturing and quality system
MEM is manufactured at a cGMP-compliant facility located in Grand Island, New York. The facility is registered with the FDA as a medical device manufacturer and is certified to ISO 13485 standards. For supply chain continuity, we offer an identical MEM product made in our Scotland facility (31095-029). This facility is registered with the FDA as a medical device manufacturer and is certified to the ISO 13485 standard.

EMEM (Gibco™)

Eagle’s Minimum Essential Medium (EMEM) contains phenol red, nonessential amino acids, 1 mM sodium pyruvate, 2 mM L-glutamine, 1 g/L glucose, and 1.5 g/L sodium bicarbonate.

DMEM, high glucose, no glutamine, no phenol red (Gibco™)

DMEM (Dulbecco's Modified Eagle Medium) is a widely used basal medium for supporting the growth of many different mammalian cells. Cells successfully cultured in DMEM include primary fibroblasts, neurons, glial cells, HUVECs, and smooth muscle cells, as well as cell lines such as HeLa, 293, Cos-7, and PC-12. We offer a variety of DMEM modifications for a range of cell culture applications. Find the right formulation using the media selector tool.

This DMEM is modified as follows:
WithWithout
• High Glucose• L-glutamine
• Phenol Red
• Sodium Pyruvate
• HEPES

The complete formulation is available.

Using DMEM
DMEM is unique from other media as it contains 4 times the concentration of amino acids and vitamins than the original Eagle's Minimal Essential Medium. DMEM was originally formulated with low glucose (1 g/L) and sodium pyruvate, but is often used with higher glucose levels, with or without sodium pyruvate. DMEM contains no proteins, lipids, or growth factors. Therefore, DMEM requires supplementation, commonly with 10% Fetal Bovine Serum (FBS). DMEM uses a sodium bicarbonate buffer system (3.7 g/L), and therefore requires a 5–10% CO2 environment to maintain physiological pH.

cGMP manufacturing and quality system
DMEM is manufactured at a cGMP-compliant facility located in Grand Island, New York. The facility is registered with the FDA as a medical device manufacturer and is certified to ISO 13485 standards.

CO2 Independent Medium (Gibco™)

CO2 Independent Medium is a non-HEPES proprietary medium used for supporting cell growth for a variety of suspension and adherent mammalian cells such as epithelial, fibroblast, and lymphoid cell lines without a CO2 incubator. CO2 Independent Medium is ideal for transporting cells or tissue and for the handling of mouse embryos under atmospheric conditions.
This CO2 Independent Medium is manufactured as follows:
WithWithout
• Phenol Red• L-glutamine
• Sodium pyruvate• HEPES

The complete formulation is confidential. For more information, please contact Technical Support.

Gibco® CO2 Independent Medium contains a unique buffering system composed of mono and dibasic sodium phosphate and β-glycerophosphate. A small amount of sodium bicarbonate has been included in the formulation to meet essential bicarbonate dependent functions. No synthetic buffers are utilized, thus eliminating any cytotoxic effects associated with such buffering systems. Additionally, Gibco® CO2 Independent Medium has been formulated with components that enhance cellular production and utilization of CO2 such that an exogenous source of CO2 is not required for the maintenance of CO2 dependent cellular functions.

Product Use
For research use only: Not intended for human or animal diagnostic or therapeutic uses.

Dual-Site cGMP Manufacturing
Gibco® CO2 Independent Medium is manufactured at a cGMP compliant facility, located in Grand Island, New York. The facility is registered with the FDA as a medical device manufacturer and is certified to ISO 13485 standards. For supply chain continuity, Life Technologies offers an identical Gibco® CO2 Independent Medium product made in our Scotland facility (18045-054). This facility is registered with the FDA as a medical device manufacturer and is certified to the ISO 13485 standard.

CO2 Independent Medium contains no lipids or growth factors. Therefore, CO2 Independent Medium requires supplementation, commonly with 10% Fetal Bovine Serum (FBS). The CO2 Independent Medium does not require a CO2 environment to maintain physiological pH. For maximum growth performance some cell lines may require either direct or sequential adaptation to CO2 Independent Medium (see protocol).

Glasgow's MEM (GMEM) (Gibco™)

Glasgow's MEM (GMEM) was originally developed by Ian McPherson and Michael Stoker as a modification of Eagle's Minimal Essential Medium. It was used to study the genetic factors that affected cell competence. Glasgow's MEM was developed for use with kidney cell lines, such as BHK-21.

This Glasgow's MEM is modified as follows:
WithWithout
• L-glutamine• HEPES
• Phenol Red• Tryptose phosphate broth

The complete formulation is available.

Using Glasgow's MEM
Glasgow's MEM is unique from other media as it contains twice the concentration of amino acids and vitamins compared to the original Basal Medium Eagle, and is used without serum. Glasgow's MEM was originally formulated with 10% tryptose phosphate broth. Glasgow's MEM contains no proteins, lipids, or growth factors. Therefore, Glasgow's MEM requires supplementation with 10% tryptose phosphate broth. Glasgow's MEM uses a sodium bicarbonate buffer system (2.75 g/L), and therefore requires a 5–10% CO2 environment to maintain physiological pH.

Dual-site cGMP manufacturing
Glasgow's MEM is manufactured at a cGMP-compliant facility located in Grand Island, New York. The facility is registered with the FDA as a medical device manufacturer and is certified to ISO 13485 standards. For supply chain continuity, we offer an identical Glasgow's MEM product made in our Scotland facility (21710-025). This facility is registered with the FDA as a medical device manufacturer and is certified to the ISO 13485 standard.

William's E Medium, GlutaMAX™ Supplement (Gibco™)

William's E Medium was originally developed by Williams and Gunn as reduced serum-supplemented medium for long-term cell cultures of adult rat liver epithelial cells. Gibco® William's E Medium can also be used for growing hepatocyte cells of different species, such as human derived HepaRG™ cells.
This William's E Medium is modified as follows:
WithWithout
• Phenol Red• HEPES
• GlutaMAX™

The complete formulation is available.

Gibco® William's E Medium is a modification of earlier media that has been enriched in amino acids and double the glucose. William's E Medium contains unique ingredients, including zinc, iron, manganese, non-essential amino acids, the reducing agent glutathione and the lipid methyl linoleate. Gibco® William's E Medium with GlutaMAX™ supplement minimizes toxic ammonia build-up and improves cell viability and growth in an easy-to-use format.

Product Intended Use
For in vitro diagnostic use. CAUTION: Not for human or animal therapeutic use. Uses other than the intended use may be a violation of local law.

cGMP Manufacturing
Gibco® William's E Medium is manufactured at a cGMP compliant facility located in Paisley, Scotland, UK. The facility is registered with the FDA as a medical device manufacturer and is certified to the ISO 13485 standard.

William's E Medium contains no proteins or growth factors. Therefore, William's E Medium requires supplementation, commonly with 5-10% Fetal Bovine Serum (FBS). William's E Medium uses a sodium bicarbonate buffer system (2.2 g / L) and therefore requires a 5-10% CO2 environment to maintain physiological pH.

Ham's F-10 Nutrient Mix (Gibco™)

Ham's F-10 Nutrient Mixture (F-10) was designed for serum-free growth of Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) cells. F-10 has since been used for serum-free growth of CHO cultures as well as serum-supplemented growth of other mammalian cells, including COS-7, primary rat astrocytes, and rat prostate epithelial cells.

This Ham's F-10 is modified as follows:
WithWithout
• Phenol Red• HEPES
• L-glutamine

The complete formulation is available.

Using Ham's F-10
Compared to other basal media, F-10 contains a wider variety of components, including zinc, hypoxanthine, and thymidine. Serum-free growth of CHO cells in F-10 has led to a variety of improved formulations, such as Ham's F-12 Nutrient Mixture (F-12). F-10 contains no proteins or growth factors. Therefore, F-10 requires supplementation, commonly with 10% Fetal Bovine Serum (FBS). F-10 uses a sodium bicarbonate buffer system (1.2 g/L), and therefore requires a 5–10% CO2 environment to maintain physiological pH.

cGMP manufacturing and quality system
F-10 is manufactured at a cGMP-compliant facility located in Grand Island, New York. The facility is registered with the FDA as a medical device manufacturer and is certified to ISO 13485 standards. For supply chain continuity, we offer an identical F-10 product made in our Scotland facility (31550-015). This facility is registered with the FDA as a medical device manufacturer and is certified to the ISO 13485 standard.

MEM α, no nucleosides, powder (Gibco™)

Minimum Essential Medium (MEM) α is widely used for mammalian cell culture as well as selection for transfected DHFR negative cells. MEM α can be used with a variety of suspension and adherent mammalian cells, including keratinocytes, primary rat astrocytes, and human melanoma cells. We offer a variety of Gibco® MEM α modifications for a range of cell culture applications. Find the right formulation using the media selector tool.

This MEM α is modified as follows:

With Without
• Phenol Red • Ribonucleosides
• L-glutamine • Deoxyribonucleosides
• Sodium Bicarbonate

The complete formulation is available.

Gibco® MEM α is a modification of Minimum Essential Medium (MEM) that contains non-essential amino acids, sodium pyruvate, lipoic acid, vitamin B12, biotin, and ascorbic acid. MEM α is available without nucleosides for use as a selection medium for DG44 and other DHFR negative cells. This product is made with Earle’s salts.

Product Intended Use
For in vitro diagnostic use. CAUTION: Not for human or animal therapeutic use. Uses other than the intended use may be a violation of local law.

cGMP Manufacturing and Quality System
For supply chain continuity, we manufacture Gibco® MEM α at two separate facilities located in Grand Island, NY and Scotland, UK. Both sites are compliant with cGMP manufacturing requirements, are certified to ISO 13485, and are registered with the FDA as medical device manufacturers.

MEM α contains no proteins, lipids, or growth factors. Therefore, MEM α requires supplementation, commonly with 10% Fetal Bovine Serum (FBS). MEM α uses a sodium bicarbonate buffer system (2.2 g/L) and therefore requires a 5-10% CO2 environment to maintain physiological pH. Powder forms of Gibco® cell culture medium require sodium bicarbonate supplementation, pH adjustment, and filtration at the time of preparation (see protocol for details).

DMEM/F-12, powder (Gibco™)

Dulbecco's Modified Eagle Medium:Nutrient Mixture F-12 (DMEM / F-12) is a widely used basal medium for supporting the growth of many different mammalian cells. Cells successfully cultured in DMEM / F-12 include MDCK, glial cells, fibroblasts, human endothelial cells, and rat fibroblasts. We offer a variety of Gibco® DMEM / F-12 modifications for a range of cell culture applications. Find the right formulation using the media selector tool.

This DMEM / F-12 is modified as follows:

WithWithout
• L-glutamine• HEPES
• Phenol Red• Sodium Bicarbonate

The complete formulation is available.

Gibco® DMEM / F-12 is a 1:1 mixture of DMEM and Ham's F-12. This formulation combines DMEM's high concentrations of glucose, amino acids and vitamins with F-12's wide variety of components.

Product Intended Use
For in vitro diagnostic use. CAUTION: Not for human or animal therapeutic use. Uses other than the intended use may be a violation of local law.

cGMP Manufacturing and Quality System
Gibco® DMEM / F-12 is manufactured at a cGMP compliant facility, located in Grand Island, New York. The facility is registered with the FDA as a medical device manufacturer and is certified to ISO 13485 standards. For supply chain continuity, we offer a comparable Gibco® DMEM / F-12 product made in our Scotland facility (32500-035). This facility is registered with the FDA as a medical device manufacturer and is certified to the ISO 13485 standard.

DMEM / F-12 contains no proteins, lipids, or growth factors. Therefore, DMEM / F-12 may require supplementation, commonly with 10% Fetal Bovine Serum (FBS). DMEM / F-12 uses a sodium bicarbonate buffer system and therefore requires a 5-10% CO2 environment to maintain physiological pH.

Powder forms of Gibco® cell culture medium require sodium bicarbonate supplementation, pH adjustment, and filtration at the time of preparation (see protocol for details).

Ham's F-12K (Kaighn's) Medium (Gibco™)

Ham's F-12K (Kaighn's) Medium is a modification of Ham's F-12 Nutrient Mixture. Ham's F-12K (Kaighn's) Medium was developed for primary human hepatocytes, as well as for some rat and chicken liver cells in a reduced serum environment.

This F-12K (Kaighn's) Medium is manufactured as follows:
WithWithout
• L-glutamine• HEPES
• Phenol Red

The complete formulation is available.

Using Ham's F-12K
Ham's F-12K (Kaighn's) Medium contains many components not found in traditional basal media, such as putrescine, thymidine, hypoxanthine, zinc, and higher levels of all amino acids and sodium pyruvate. These additions allow the medium to be supplemented with very low levels of serum or defined components, for some cell types. Ham's F-12K (Kaighn's) Medium contains no proteins or growth factors, and is therefore often supplemented with growth factors and Fetal Bovine Serum (FBS). The FBS concentration must be optimized for each cell line. Ham's F-12K (Kaighn's) Medium uses a sodium bicarbonate buffer system (2.5 g/L), and therefore requires a 5–10% CO2 environment to maintain physiological pH.

Dual-site cGMP manufacturing
For supply chain continuity, we manufacture Ham's F-12K (Kaighn's) Medium at two separate facilities, located in Grand Island, NY and Scotland, UK. Both sites are compliant with cGMP-manufacturing requirements, are certified to ISO 13485, and are registered with the FDA as medical device manufacturers.