Shop All Antibody Labeling Kits (Conjugation-Based)

SiteClick™ Qdot™ 625 Antibody Labeling Kit (Invitrogen™)

Create a perfectly labeled antibody with the SiteClick™ Qdot® 625 Antibody Labeling Kit. This kit replaces the conventional Qdot® 625 Antibody Conjugation Kit (A10197). Unlike the conventional amine-thiol crosslinker method, SiteClick™ labeling specifically attaches the label to the heavy chains of an IgG antibody, ensuring that the antigen-binding domains remain available for binding to your antigen target. This site selectivity is achieved by targeting the carbohydrate domains present on essentially all IgG antibodies regardless of isotype and host species. In addition, no harsh reduction steps are required, and the labeling is consistent and reproducible each time it is performed. Depending upon the label, the resulting SiteClick™ -labeled antibody can be used in flow cytometry, fluorescence imaging, or Western blot detection.

Important Features of the SiteClick™ Qdot® 625 Antibody Labeling Kit:

• Contains everything required to label 100 µg of IgG antibody
• Easy to follow step-by-step protocol
• Highly efficient, site-specific, reproducible labeling chemistry results in high quality antibody conjugate.
• Qdot® 625 labels can be used in confocal or traditional fluorescence microscopy.
• In flow cytometry, Qdot® 625 can be excited by the 488 nm line of the argon-ion laser, or alternatively via excitation at 405 nm. This is true of all Qdot® fluorophores.

Qdot® Fluorophores are Our Brightest Labels
Antibody conjugates made with Qdot® fluorophores produce fluorescence output that surpasses that of traditional organic dyes. Paired with the correct optical filters, Qdot® nanocrystals are as much as 50 times brighter. Read more about Qdot® nanocrystals or review additional product details in Qdot® Nanocrystals—Section 6.6 in the Molecular Probes® Handbook.

Learn More About Protein and Antibody Labeling
We offer a wide selection of Molecular Probes® antibody and protein labeling kits (see Antibody Labeling from A to Z). To learn more about our various kits, read Kits for Labeling Proteins and Nucleic Acids—Section 1.2 in the Molecular Probes® Handbook.

Custom SiteClick™ Antibody Labeling Services
If you have an antibody that is considered "difficult to label" or has lost activity after labeling using a conventional method, please contact our custom service representatives to determine whether the SiteClick™ Antibody Labeling Service would be right for your antibody. We offer complete custom SiteClick™ antibody labeling services with the option of multiple detection molecules including biotin, Alexa Fluor® dyes, Qdot® fluorophores, R-PE, and others.

SiteClick™ Qdot™ 655 Antibody Labeling Kit (Invitrogen™)

Create a perfectly labeled antibody with the SiteClick™ Qdot® 655 Antibody Labeling Kit. This kit replaces the conventional Qdot® 655 Antibody Conjugation Kit (Q22021MP). Unlike the conventional amine-thiol crosslinker method, SiteClick™ labeling specifically attaches the label to the heavy chains of an IgG antibody, ensuring that the antigen-binding domains remain available for binding to your antigen target. This site selectivity is achieved by targeting the carbohydrate domains present on essentially all IgG antibodies regardless of isotype and host species. In addition, no harsh reduction steps are required, and the labeling is consistent and reproducible each time it is performed. Depending upon the label, the resulting SiteClick™ -labeled antibody can be used in flow cytometry, fluorescence imaging, or Western blot detection.

Important Features of the SiteClick™ Qdot® 655 Antibody Labeling Kit:

• Contains everything required to label 100 µg of IgG antibody
• Easy to follow step-by-step protocol
• Highly efficient, site-specific, reproducible labeling chemistry results in high quality antibody conjugate.
• Qdot® 655 labels can be used in confocal or traditional fluorescence microscopy.
• In flow cytometry, Qdot® 655 can be excited by the 488 nm line of the argon-ion laser, or alternatively via excitation at 405 nm. This is true of all Qdot® fluorophores.

Qdot® Fluorophores are Our Brightest Labels
Antibody conjugates made with Qdot® fluorophores produce fluorescence output that surpasses that of traditional organic dyes. Paired with the correct optical filters, Qdot® nanocrystals are as much as 50 times brighter. Read more about Qdot® nanocrystals or review additional product details in Qdot® Nanocrystals—Section 6.6 in the Molecular Probes® Handbook.

Learn More About Protein and Antibody Labeling
We offer a wide selection of Molecular Probes® antibody and protein labeling kits (see Antibody Labeling from A to Z). To learn more about our various kits, read Kits for Labeling Proteins and Nucleic Acids—Section 1.2 in the Molecular Probes® Handbook.

Custom SiteClick™ Antibody Labeling Services
If you have an antibody that is considered "difficult to label" or has lost activity after labeling using a conventional method, please contact our custom service representatives to determine whether the SiteClick™ Antibody Labeling Service would be right for your antibody. We offer complete custom SiteClick™ antibody labeling services with the option of multiple detection molecules including biotin, Alexa Fluor® dyes, Qdot® fluorophores, R-PE, and others.

SiteClick™ Qdot™ 705 Antibody Labeling Kit (Invitrogen™)

Create a perfectly labeled antibody with the SiteClick™ Qdot® 705 Antibody Labeling Kit. This kit replaces the conventional Qdot® 705 Antibody Conjugation Kit (Q22061MP). Unlike the conventional amine-thiol crosslinker method, SiteClick™ labeling specifically attaches the label to the heavy chains of an IgG antibody, ensuring that the antigen-binding domains remain available for binding to your antigen target. This site selectivity is achieved by targeting the carbohydrate domains present on essentially all IgG antibodies regardless of isotype and host species. In addition, no harsh reduction steps are required, and the labeling is consistent and reproducible each time it is performed. Depending upon the label, the resulting SiteClick™ -labeled antibody can be used in flow cytometry, fluorescence imaging, or Western blot detection.

Important Features of the SiteClick™ Qdot® 705 Antibody Labeling Kit:

• Contains everything required to label 100 µg of IgG antibody
• Easy to follow step-by-step protocol
• Highly efficient, site-specific, reproducible labeling chemistry results in high quality antibody conjugate.
• Qdot® 705 labels can be used in confocal or traditional fluorescence microscopy.
• In flow cytometry, Qdot® 705 can be excited by the 488 nm line of the argon-ion laser, or alternatively via excitation at 405 nm. This is true of all Qdot® fluorophores.

Qdot® Fluorophores are Our Brightest Labels
Antibody conjugates made with Qdot® fluorophores produce fluorescence output that surpasses that of traditional organic dyes. Paired with the correct optical filters, Qdot® nanocrystals are as much as 50 times brighter. Read more about Qdot® nanocrystals or review additional product details in Qdot® Nanocrystals—Section 6.6 in the Molecular Probes® Handbook.

Learn More About Protein and Antibody Labeling
We offer a wide selection of Molecular Probes® antibody and protein labeling kits (see Antibody Labeling from A to Z). To learn more about our various kits, read Kits for Labeling Proteins and Nucleic Acids—Section 1.2 in the Molecular Probes® Handbook.

Custom SiteClick™ Antibody Labeling Services
If you have an antibody that is considered "difficult to label" or has lost activity after labeling using a conventional method, please contact our custom service representatives to determine whether the SiteClick™ Antibody Labeling Service would be right for your antibody. We offer complete custom SiteClick™ antibody labeling services with the option of multiple detection molecules including biotin, Alexa Fluor® dyes, Qdot® fluorophores, R-PE, and others.

Zenon™ pHrodo™ iFL Red Human IgG Labeling Reagent (Invitrogen™)

Zenon labeling technology provides a fast, versatile, and reliable method for adding a fluorescent label to an antibody. Only a small amount of starting material is needed, and the method is optimized for efficient labeling of antibodies in serum, ascites fluid, or hybridoma suspensions.

Combined with pHrodo iFL dye, this technology provides a rapid, scalable, and easy way to determine how well an antibody internalizes into target cells. pHrodo iFL Red dye dramatically increases its fluorescence as the pH of its surroundings becomes more acidic.

• Labeled antibodies typically ready to use in 10 minutes
• Simple, no purification required
• Fast, accurate internalization results—no need for wash steps or quenchers

Preserve primary antibody function and affinities
Reactive dye labeling of primary antibodies can have unpredictable and undesirable outcomes. One of these is reduced binding affinity due to label addition in the binding pocket. The Zenon antibody labeling approach, which is targeted to the Fc tail, avoids this outcome.

Custom antibody conjugates
If the antibody conjugate you need is not available as one of our stocked products, we will prepare a custom antibody conjugate for you. Our custom conjugation service is efficient and confidential, and we stand by the quality of our work. We are ISO 9001:2000 certified.

DyLight™ 488 Antibody Labeling Kit (Thermo Scientific™)

The Thermo Scientific DyLight 488 Antibody Labeling Kit contains an NHS ester-activated derivative of high-performance DyLight 488 for fluorescent labeling of antibodies and other proteins to be used as molecular probes for cellular imaging and other fluorescence detection methods. The standard size kit contains all necessary components to perform three separate labeling reactions using 1 mg of IgG or similar quantities of other proteins.

DyLight 488 has high fluorescence intensity over a broad pH range (pH 4-9) and is more photostable than Cy2™, Alexa™ Fluor 488, FITC and LI-COR™ dyes in many applications. The high water solubility of DyLight Fluors allows a high dye-to-protein ratio to be achieved without causing precipitation of the conjugates. DyLight 488 Amine-Reactive Dye is also available as a stand-alone reagent.

Features of the DyLight 488 NHS Ester:

High performance— DyLight 488 is comparable to Alexa Fluor 488 and brighter than FITC and Cy2
Specific— NHS ester-activated dye labels proteins and other molecules at primary amines (-NH2)
Convenient kit sizes— standard and microscale sizes are offered to match your experimental needs
Optimized procedure— following the standard protocol results in antibodies with excellent dye:protein ratios and recovery rates for optimum activity and fluorescence labeling

Applications:
• Primary antibody labeling for immunofluorescence microscopy, immunohistochemistry (IHC), Western blotting or ELISA assay
• Target protein labeling for in vitro and in vivo fluorescent detection strategies

DyLight 488 Amine-Reactive Dye is activated with an N-hydroxysuccinimide (NHS) ester moiety to react with exposed N-terminal α-amino groups or the ε-amino groups of lysine residues to form stable amide bonds. Learn more about NHS ester chemistry.

Typical labeling reactions require the dye to first be dissolved in anhydrous dimethyl formamide (DMF) or another suitable organic solvent before adding a specific molar amount of dye to an amine-free buffer containing the protein to be labeled. However, the high solubility of DyLight Fluors permits protein solutions to be added directly to specific amounts of the labeling reagent. This feature allows DyLight 488 Amine-Reactive Dye to be provided in multiple formats with flexible protocols to achieve efficient degrees of labeling.

We also offer Standard and Microscale DyLight 488 Antibody Labeling Kits for fast and efficient fluorescent labeling of antibodies for use in fluorescence methods. The standard size kit contains all necessary components to perform three separate labeling reactions using 1 mg of IgG or similar quantities of other proteins. The microscale kit contains all of the necessary components to perform five separate labeling reactions using 100 µg of IgG. Both kit sizes include the Amine-Reactive DyLight 488 NHS-ester in convenient single-use vials as well as purification resin and spin columns for the preparation of ready-to-use conjugate.

Related Products
DyLight™ 488 NHS Ester
DyLight™ 488 Microscale Antibody Labeling Kit

DyLight™ 550 Antibody Labeling Kit (Thermo Scientific™)

The Thermo Scientific DyLight 550 Antibody Labeling Kit contains an NHS ester-activated derivative of high-performance DyLight 550 used to fluorescently label antibodies and other proteins that are then used as molecular probes for cellular imaging and other fluorescence detection methods. The standard size kit contains all necessary components to perform three separate labeling reactions using 1 mg of IgG or similar quantities of other proteins.

DyLight 550 provides vibrant orange-to-red fluorescence with better performance than other rhodamine derivatives, including Alexa Fluor™ 555, TRITC, and Cy3™ dye for fluorescent applications. The high water solubility of DyLight Fluors means that a high dye-to-protein ratio can be attained without causing precipitation of the conjugates. DyLight 550 Amine-Reactive Dye is also available as a stand-alone reagent.

Features of DyLight 550 NHS Ester:

High performance—DyLight 550 shows brighter fluorescence than Alexa Fluor 555, TRITC and Cy3 dye
Specific—NHS ester-activated dye labels proteins and other molecules at primary amines (-NH2)
Convenient kit sizes—standard and microscale sizes are offered to match your experimental needs
Optimized procedure—following the standard protocol results in antibodies with excellent dye:protein ratios and recovery rates for optimum activity and fluorescence labeling

Applications:
• Primary antibody labeling for immunofluorescence microscopy, immunohistochemistry (IHC), Western blotting or ELISA assay
• Target protein labeling for in vitro and in vivo fluorescent detection strategies

DyLight 550 Amine-Reactive Dye is activated with an N-hydroxysuccinimide (NHS) ester moiety to react with exposed N-terminal α-amino groups or the ε-amino groups of lysine residues to form stable amide bonds. Learn more about NHS ester chemistry.

Typical labeling reactions require DyLight 550 Amine-Reactive Dye to first be dissolved in anhydrous dimethyl formamide (DMF) or another suitable organic solvent before adding a specific molar amount of dye to an amine-free buffer containing the protein to be labeled. However, the high solubility of DyLight Fluors permits protein solutions to be added directly to specific amounts of the labeling reagent. This feature allows DyLight 550 Amine-Reactive Dye to be provided in multiple formats with flexible protocols to achieve efficient degrees of labeling.

Related Products
DyLight™ 550 NHS Ester
DyLight™ 550 Microscale Antibody Labeling Kit

SiteClick™ Antibody Azido Modification Kit (Invitrogen™)

Create a label-ready site-specific azido-modified antibody without lengthy and inefficient genetic modification using the SiteClick Antibody Azido Modification Kit. SiteClick labeling uses enzymes to specifically attach an azido moiety to the heavy chains of an IgG antibody, ensuring that the antigen binding domains remain unaltered for binding to the antigen target. This site selectivity is achieved by targeting the carbohydrate domains present on essentially all IgG antibodies regardless of isotype and host species. Once azido–modified, a variety of sDIBO alkyne labels are available for attachment to the antibody via Click chemistry (see list below). This provides the flexibility to choose different labels for your antibody depending on your assay.

Features of the SiteClickAntibody Azido Modification Kit:
• Contains everything required to label 100–250 µg of IgG antibody
• Easy-to-follow step-by-step protocol
• Highly efficient, site-specific, reproducible labeling chemistry results in high quality antibody conjugate

Learn more about SiteClick labeling technology ›

Related products
Click-iT Alexa Fluor 488 sDIBO Alkyne for Antibody Labeling
Click-iT Alexa Fluor 555 sDIBO Alkyne for Antibody Labeling
Click-iT Alexa Fluor 647 sDIBO Alkyne for Antibody Labeling
Click-iT Biotin sDIBO Alkyne for Antibody Labeling
Click-iT Amine sDIBO Alkyne for Antibody Labeling
Click-iT SDP Ester sDIBO Alkyne for Antibody Labeling

Custom SiteClick Antibody Labeling Service
If you have an antibody that is considered "difficult to label" or has lost activity after labeling using a conventional method, please contact our custom service representatives to determine whether the SiteClick Antibody Labeling Service would be right for your antibody. We offer complete custom SiteClick antibody labeling services with the option of multiple detection molecules including biotin, Alexa Fluor dyes, Qdot fluorophores, R-PE, chelates for PET imaging, and many others.

SiteClick™ Qdot™ 800 Antibody Labeling Kit (Invitrogen™)

Create a perfectly labeled antibody with the SiteClick™ Qdot® 800 Antibody Labeling Kit. This kit replaces the conventional Qdot® 800 Antibody Conjugation Kit (Q22071MP). Unlike the conventional amine-thiol crosslinker method, SiteClick™ labeling specifically attaches the label to the heavy chains of an IgG antibody, ensuring that the antigen-binding domains remain available for binding to your antigen target. This site selectivity is achieved by targeting the carbohydrate domains present on essentially all IgG antibodies regardless of isotype and host species. In addition, no harsh reduction steps are required, and the labeling is consistent and reproducible each time it is performed. Depending upon the label, the resulting SiteClick™ -labeled antibody can be used in flow cytometry, fluorescence imaging, or Western blot detection.

Important Features of the SiteClick™ Qdot® 800 Antibody Labeling Kit:

• Contains everything required to label 100 µg of IgG antibody
• Easy to follow step-by-step protocol
• Highly efficient, site-specific, reproducible labeling chemistry results in high quality antibody conjugate.
• Qdot® 800 labels can be used in confocal or traditional fluorescence microscopy.
• In flow cytometry, Qdot® 800 can be excited by the 488 nm line of the argon-ion laser, or alternatively via excitation at 405 nm. This is true of all Qdot® fluorophores.

Qdot® Fluorophores are Our Brightest Labels
Antibody conjugates made with Qdot® fluorophores produce fluorescence output that surpasses that of traditional organic dyes. Paired with the correct optical filters, Qdot® nanocrystals are as much as 50 times brighter. Read more about Qdot® nanocrystals or review additional product details in Qdot® Nanocrystals—Section 6.6 in the Molecular Probes® Handbook.

Learn More About Protein and Antibody Labeling
We offer a wide selection of Molecular Probes® antibody and protein labeling kits (see Antibody Labeling from A to Z). To learn more about our various kits, read Kits for Labeling Proteins and Nucleic Acids—Section 1.2 in the Molecular Probes® Handbook.

Custom SiteClick™ Antibody Labeling Services
If you have an antibody that is considered "difficult to label" or has lost activity after labeling using a conventional method, please contact our custom service representatives to determine whether the SiteClick™ Antibody Labeling Service would be right for your antibody. We offer complete custom SiteClick™ antibody labeling services with the option of multiple detection molecules including biotin, Alexa Fluor® dyes, Qdot® fluorophores, R-PE, and others.

Alexa Fluor™ 350 Antibody Labeling Kit (Invitrogen™)

Molecular Probes® Alexa Fluor® Antibody Labeling Kits provide a convenient means to label small amounts of antibodies with Alexa Fluor® dyes (choice of 10 colors). This kit is optimized for labeling 100 µg of antibody per reaction with blue fluorescent Alexa Fluor® 350. Comparably small amounts of other proteins (>40 kDa) can also be labeled.

The kit contains everything you need to perform five separate labeling reactions as well as to purify the resulting conjugates. Conjugates are ideal for multiple applications, including flow cytometry, fluorescent microscopy, immunohistochemistry, primary detection, ELISAs, immunocytochemistry, indirect FISH, and more.

Important Features of Alexa Fluor® 350 Antibody Labeling Kit:
• With an excitation and emission maximum of 346/442 nm, Alexa Fluor® 350 can be efficiently excited using a UV laser line and detected under standard DAPI filters
• Labeled proteins typically ready to use typically in 90 min (~15 min hands-on time)
• Useful for labeling 100 µg of protein
• Optimized for small-scale labeling of any protein >40 kDa
• Purified using convenient spin filters
• Stabilizing proteins must be removed from the sample before labeling
• Includes detailed instructions for determining degree of labeling (DOL)


Better Results and Workflows with Primary labeled antibodies
A primary antibody directly labeled with a fluorophore often produces lower background fluorescence and less nonspecific binding. Further, multiple primary antibodies of the same isotype or derived from the same species can easily be used in the same experiment if they are directly labeled with compatible fluorophores.

Superior Alexa Fluor® Dyes
Compared to traditional dyes, Alexa Fluor® dyes are brighter, more photostable, and more pH resistant between pH 4 and 10. And generally when using Alexa Fluor® dyes, higher degrees of labeling can be achieved without intramolecular quenching. For details see Alexa Fluor® Dyes Spanning the Visible and Infrared Spectrum—Section 1.3.

Learn More About Protein and Antibody Labeling
We offer a wide selection of Molecular Probes® antibody and protein labeling kits to fit your starting material and your experimental setup. See Antibody Labeling from A to Z or use our Labeling Chemistry Selection Tool for other choices. To learn more about our various kits read Kits for Labeling Proteins and Nucleic Acids—Section 1.2 in the Molecular Probes® Handbook.

We'll Make a Custom Antibody Conjugate for You
If you can't find what you're looking for in our stocked list, we'll prepare a custom antibody conjugate for you. Our custom conjugation service is efficient and confidential, and we stand by the quality of our work. We are ISO 9001:2000 certified.

For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures.

SiteClick™ Antibody Azido Modification Kit (Invitrogen™)

Create a label-ready site-specific azido-modified antibody without lengthy and inefficient genetic modification using the SiteClick Antibody Azido Modification Kit. SiteClick labeling uses enzymes to specifically attach an azido moiety to the heavy chains of an IgG antibody, ensuring that the antigen binding domains remain unaltered for binding to the antigen target. This site selectivity is achieved by targeting the carbohydrate domains present on essentially all IgG antibodies regardless of isotype and host species. Once azido–modified, a variety of labeled SiteClick sDIBO alkynes are available for attachment to the antibody via Click chemistry at your choice of scale. This provides the flexibility to choose different labels for your antibody depending on your assay.

Features of the SiteClick Antibody Azido Modification Kit:
• Contains everything required to azido-modify any species or isotype of IgG antibody
• Easy-to-follow step-by-step protocol
• Highly efficient, site-specific, reproducible labeling chemistry results in high quality antibody conjugate

Learn more about SiteClick labeling technology ›

Custom SiteClick Antibody Labeling Service and sDIBO labels
If you have an antibody that is considered "difficult to label" or has lost activity after labeling using a conventional method, please contact our custom service representatives to determine whether the SiteClick Antibody Labeling Service would be right for your antibody. We offer complete custom SiteClick antibody labeling services with the option of multiple detection molecules including biotin, Alexa Fluor dyes, Qdot fluorophores, R-PE, chelates for PET imaging, and many others.

Pierce™ Antibody Biotinylation Kit for IP (Thermo Scientific™)

The Thermo Scientific™ Pierce™ Antibody Biotinylation Kit for IP provides biotinylation reagents designed specifically for the labeling of primary antibodies used in immunoprecipitation applications.

Optimized for IP—reagents and protocols developed specifically to address antibody labeling for immunoprecipitation applications
Easy to use—kit configuration specifically optimized to accommodate 50–200 μg of antibody in a 100 μL reaction; desalting columns are provided to remove excess biotinylation reagent after labeling
Amine reactive—reacts with primary amines (-NH2) of antibodies
Enhanced solubility—pegylation improves water solubility of the biotinylated antibody and prevents aggregation upon storage
Reduced steric hindrance—longer spacer arm (29 angstroms) minimize steric hindrance when binding to avidin molecules

The Pierce Antibody Biotinylation Kit reagents have been optimized and validated to biotin label antibodies for IP and co-IP reactions. Determining the optimal number of biotins to attach to the target molecule is one of the major challenges of biotinylation. For IP and co-IP applications, too many biotins result in reduced affinity for the target antigen, while too few biotins result in antibody leaching upon elution of the target antigen. The biotin labeling procedure in the Pierce Antibody Biotinylation Kit for IP has been developed to address this challenge.

The kit contains sufficient reagents to label 50–200 µg of antibody in 100 µL reaction volumes for eight samples. The NHS-PEG4-biotin labeling reagent contains an amine-reactive N-hydroxysuccinimide ester (NHS) group and a water-soluble PEG4 spacer for optimal labeling and is provided in easy-to-use, single-use microtubes. Both the labeling efficiency of the biotinylation reagent and binding affinity of the labeled antibody have been validated using mouse monoclonal (IgG1, IgG2), rabbit polyconal, and rabbit monoclonal antibodies. Zeba™ Desalting Spin Columns are provided for easy and efficient removal of salts and excess biotin.

Applications:
• IP and co-IP
• IP and co-IP for mass spectrometry applications
• Antibody attachment to streptavidin agarose and magnetic supports

DyLight™ 488 Microscale Antibody Labeling Kit (Thermo Scientific™)

The Thermo Scientific DyLight 488 Microscale Antibody Labeling Kit contains an NHS ester-activated derivative of high-performance DyLight 488 for fluorescent labeling of antibodies and other proteins to be used as molecular probes for cellular imaging and other fluorescence detection methods. The microscale kit contains all of the necessary components to perform five separate labeling reactions using 100 µg of IgG.

DyLight 488 has high fluorescence intensity over a broad pH range (pH 4-9) and is more photostable than Cy2™, Alexa™ Fluor 488, FITC and LI-COR™ dyes in many applications. The high water solubility of DyLight Fluors allows a high dye-to-protein ratio to be achieved without causing precipitation of the conjugates. DyLight 488 Amine-Reactive Dye is also available as a stand-alone reagent.

Features of the DyLight 488 NHS Ester:

High performance— DyLight 488 is comparable to Alexa Fluor 488 and brighter than FITC and Cy2
Specific— NHS ester-activated dye labels proteins and other molecules at primary amines (-NH2)
Convenient kit sizes— standard and microscale sizes are offered to match your experimental needs
Optimized procedure— following the standard protocol results in antibodies with excellent dye:protein ratios and recovery rates for optimum activity and fluorescence labeling

Applications:
• Primary antibody labeling for immunofluorescence microscopy, immunohistochemistry (IHC), Western blotting or ELISA assay
• Target protein labeling for in vitro and in vivo fluorescent detection strategies

DyLight 488 Amine-Reactive Dye is activated with an N-hydroxysuccinimide (NHS) ester moiety to react with exposed N-terminal α-amino groups or the ε-amino groups of lysine residues to form stable amide bonds. Learn more about NHS ester chemistry.

Typical labeling reactions require the dye to first be dissolved in anhydrous dimethyl formamide (DMF) or another suitable organic solvent before adding a specific molar amount of dye to an amine-free buffer containing the protein to be labeled. However, the high solubility of DyLight Fluors permits protein solutions to be added directly to specific amounts of the labeling reagent. This feature allows DyLight 488 Amine-Reactive Dye to be provided in multiple formats with flexible protocols to achieve efficient degrees of labeling.

We also offer Standard and Microscale DyLight 488 Antibody Labeling Kits for fast and efficient fluorescent labeling of antibodies for use in fluorescence methods. The standard size kit contains all necessary components to perform three separate labeling reactions using 1 mg of IgG or similar quantities of other proteins. The microscale kit contains all of the necessary components to perform five separate labeling reactions using 100 µg of IgG. Both kit sizes include the Amine-Reactive DyLight 488 NHS-ester in convenient single-use vials as well as purification resin and spin columns for the preparation of ready-to-use conjugate.

Related Products
DyLight™ 488 NHS Ester
DyLight™ 488 Antibody Labeling Kit

DyLight™ 550 Microscale Antibody Labeling Kit (Thermo Scientific™)

The Thermo Scientific DyLight 550 Microscale Antibody Labeling Kit contains an NHS ester-activated derivative of high-performance DyLight 550 used to fluorescently label antibodies and other proteins that are then used as molecular probes for cellular imaging and other fluorescence detection methods. The microscale kit contains all of the necessary components to perform five separate labeling reactions using 100 µg of IgG.

DyLight 550 provides vibrant orange-to-red fluorescence with better performance than other rhodamine derivatives, including Alexa Fluor™ 555, TRITC, and Cy3™ dye for fluorescent applications. The high water solubility of DyLight Fluors means that a high dye-to-protein ratio can be attained without causing precipitation of the conjugates. DyLight 550 Amine-Reactive Dye is also available as a stand-alone reagent.

Features of DyLight 550 NHS Ester:

High performance—DyLight 550 shows brighter fluorescence than Alexa Fluor 555, TRITC and Cy3 dye
Specific—NHS ester-activated dye labels proteins and other molecules at primary amines (-NH2)
Convenient kit sizes—standard and microscale sizes are offered to match your experimental needs
Optimized procedure—following the standard protocol results in antibodies with excellent dye:protein ratios and recovery rates for optimum activity and fluorescence labeling

Applications:
• Primary antibody labeling for immunofluorescence microscopy, immunohistochemistry (IHC), Western blotting or ELISA assay
• Target protein labeling for in vitro and in vivo fluorescent detection strategies

DyLight 550 Amine-Reactive Dye is activated with an N-hydroxysuccinimide (NHS) ester moiety to react with exposed N-terminal α-amino groups or the ε-amino groups of lysine residues to form stable amide bonds. Learn more about NHS ester chemistry.

Typical labeling reactions require DyLight 550 Amine-Reactive Dye to first be dissolved in anhydrous dimethyl formamide (DMF) or another suitable organic solvent before adding a specific molar amount of dye to an amine-free buffer containing the protein to be labeled. However, the high solubility of DyLight Fluors permits protein solutions to be added directly to specific amounts of the labeling reagent. This feature allows DyLight 550 Amine-Reactive Dye to be provided in multiple formats with flexible protocols to achieve efficient degrees of labeling.

Related Products
DyLight™ 550 NHS Ester
DyLight™ 550 Antibody Labeling Kit

EZ-Link™ Activated Peroxidase Antibody Labeling Kit (Thermo Scientific™)

The Thermo Scientific Pierce Activated Peroxidase and Antibody Labeling Kit is designed to prepare and purify HRP-conjugated antibodies with any previously unmodified primary or secondary antibody (IgG).

Features of the Activated Peroxidase and Antibody Labeling Kit:

Activated HRP – glutaraldehyde-activated horseradish peroxidase, ready for conjugation to antibodies and other proteins at sites of primary amines (e.g., lysines)
Permanent conjugation – reacts with primary amines to form covalent amide bonds; no reduction step is necessary to secure the linkage
High activity HRP – enzyme activity is greater than 200 units/mg; lyophilized, activated enzyme is stable for at least 12 months at -20°C
Convenient quantities – each 1 mg-quantity of activated enzyme in the kit is sufficient for reaction with 0.3 mg of IgG to produce about 0.5 mL of conjugate

Activated Peroxidase is HRP enzyme that has been activated with glutaraldehyde to contain reactive groups that will spontaneously conjugate with amines on an antibody (or other protein). Incubation of this Activated Peroxidase with IgG in sodium carbonate buffer (pH 9.5) results in formation of a conjugate where both the enzyme activity of HRP and the antigen-binding activity of IgG are preserved. The Antibody Labeling Kit includes the Activated Peroxidase and a Protein A/G column and buffers to purify the antibody conjugate from excess, unreacted HRP enzyme.

For additional information about glutaraldehyde conjugation, see our review of reductive amination and the discussion of applications that follows.

SiteClick™ Qdot™ 565 Antibody Labeling Kit (Invitrogen™)

Create a perfectly labeled antibody with the SiteClick™ Qdot® 565 Antibody Labeling Kit. This kit replaces the conventional Qdot® 565 Antibody Conjugation Kit (Q22031MP). Unlike the conventional amine-thiol crosslinker method, SiteClick™ labeling specifically attaches the label to the heavy chains of an IgG antibody ensuring that the antigen binding domains remain available for binding to your antigen target. This site selectivity is achieved by targeting the carbohydrate domains present on essentially all IgG antibodies regardless of isotype and host species. In addition, no harsh reduction steps are required, and the labeling is consistent and reproducible each time it is performed. Depending upon the label, the resulting SiteClick™ labeled antibody can be used in flow cytometry, fluorescence imaging, or western blot detection.

Important Features of the SiteClick™ Qdot® 565 Antibody Labeling Kit:

• Contains everything required to label 100 µg of IgG antibody
• Easy to follow step-by-step protocol
• Highly efficient, site-specific, reproducible labeling chemistry results in high quality antibody conjugate.
• Qdot® 565 labels can be used in confocal or traditional fluoresce microscopy.
• In flow cytometry, Qdot® 565 can be excited by the 488 nm line of the argon-ion laser, or alternatively via excitation at 405 nm. This is true of all Qdot® fluorophores.

Qdot® Fluorophores Are Our Brightest Labels
Antibody conjugates made with Qdot® fluorophores produce fluorescence output that surpasses that of traditional organic dyes. Paired with the correct optical filters, Qdot® nanocrystals are as much as 50 times brighter. Read more about Qdot® nanocrystals or review additional product details in Qdot® Nanocrystals—Section 6.6 in the Molecular Probes® Handbook.

Learn More About Protein and Antibody Labeling
We offer a wide selection of Molecular Probes® antibody and protein labeling kits (see Antibody Labeling from A to Z). To learn more about our various kits, read Kits for Labeling Proteins and Nucleic Acids—Section 1.2 in the Molecular Probes® Handbook.

Custom SiteClick™ Antibody Labeling Services
If you have an antibody that is considered "difficult to label" or has lost activity after labeling using a conventional method, please contact our custom service representatives to determine whether the SiteClick™ Antibody Labeling Service would be right for your antibody. We offer complete custom SiteClick™ antibody labeling services with the option of multiple detection molecules including biotin, Alexa Fluor® dyes, Qdot® fluorophores, R-PE, and others.