Shop All Cellular Structure Probes

CellLight™ Tubulin-GFP, BacMam 2.0 (Invitrogen™)

CellLight® Tubulin-GFP, BacMam 2.0, provides an easy method for the labeling of tubulin with Green Fluorescent Protein (GFP) in live cells. Simply add the reagent to your cells, incubate overnight, and the cells are ready to image in the morning. This ready-to-use construct is transduced/transfected into cells using BacMam 2.0 technology, where it expresses GFP fused to human tubulin. You can observe tubulin-GFP behavior in live cells using a fluorescent imaging system and standard FITC/GFP filter set. Study dynamic action of tubulin filaments in live cells with almost no cytotoxicity. In addition, you can co-transduce/transfect more than one CellLight® reagent and label live cells with multiple tracking or tracing dyes to image dynamic cellular processes. Cells expressing CellLight® constructs can also be fixed with formaldehyde for multiplexing with antibodies using immunocytochemical techniques.

CellLight® Technology
Highly efficient: up to 90% transduction of a wide range of mammalian cell lines, including primary cells, stem cells, and neurons
Fast and convenient: simply add CellLight® reagent to your cells, incubate overnight, and image—or store frozen, assay-ready cells for later use
Less toxic: CellLight® reagents are non-replicating in mammalian cells and are suitable for biosafety level (BSL) 1 handling
Flexible: co-transduce more than one BacMam reagent for multiplex experiments or co-localization studies; tightly control expression levels by simply varying the dose

Learn more about CellLight® fluorescent protein labeling

BacMam Technology
CellLight® Tubulin-GFP, BacMam 2.0, is a fusion construct of human tubulin and emGFP, providing accurate and specific targeting to cellular tubulin-GFP. This fusion construct is packaged in the insect virus baculovirus, which does not replicate in human cells and is designated as safe to use with biosafety level (BSL) 1 in most laboratories. BacMam technology ensures that most mammalian cell types are transduced/transfected with high efficiency and minimal toxicity. This transient transfection can be detected after overnight incubation for up to five days—enough time to carry out most dynamic cellular analyses. Like any transfection/transduction technique, the BacMam method does not transfect/transduce all of the cells with equal efficiency, making it poorly suited to cellular population studies or automated imaging/counting. CellLight® reagents are ideal for experiments where cellular or subcellular co-locatization is required, or for cellular function studies that need special resolution.

MitoProbe™ DiOC2(3) Assay Kit - For Flow Cytometry - 100 Assays (Invitrogen™)

The MitoProbe™ DiOC2(3) Assay Kit provides solutions of the membrane-potential-sensitive cyanine dye DiOC2(3), and a mitochondrial membrane-potential disrupter, CCCP, for the study of mitochondrial membrane potential. DiOC2(3) penetrates the cytosol of eukaryotic cells and accumulates primarily in mitochondria with active membrane potentials, producing bright, red fluorescence. DiOC2(3) staining intensity decreases with decreased mitochondrial membrane potential, accompanied by a shift from red to green fluorescence.

View a selection guide for all apoptosis assays for flow cytometry.

CellLight™ Nucleus-RFP, BacMam 2.0 (Invitrogen™)

CellLight® Nucleus-RFP, BacMam 2.0, provides an easy way to label nuclei with red fluorescent protein (RFP) in live cells. Simply add the reagent to your cells, incubate overnight, and the cells are ready to image in the morning.

Want to label other cell structures? Learn more about CellLight® fluorescent protein labeling tools

This ready-to-use construct is transfected into cells using BacMam 2.0 technology, where it expresses RFP fused to the SV40 nuclear localization sequence. You can observe nucleus-RFP behavior in live cells without the cellular toxicity associated with intercalators and label with multiple tracking or tracing dyes to image dynamic cellular processes.

Cells expressing CellLight® constructs can also be fixed with formaldehyde for multiplexed imaging using immunocytochemical techniques.

CellLight® Technology is:
Fast and convenient: simply add CellLight® reagent to your cells, incubate overnight, and image—or store frozen, assay-ready cells for later use
Highly efficient: up to 90% transduction of a wide range of mammalian cell lines, including primary cells, stem cells, and neurons
Flexible: co-transduce more than one BacMam reagent for multiplex experiments or co-localization studies; tightly control expression levels by simply varying the dose
Less toxic: CellLight® reagents are non-replicating in mammalian cells and are suitable for biosafety level (BSL) 1 handling

BacMam Technology
CellLight® Nucleus-RFP, BacMam 2.0, is a fusion construct of SV40 nuclear localization sequence and TagRFP, providing accurate and specific targeting to cellular nucleus-RFP. This fusion construct is packaged in the insect virus baculovirus, which does not replicate in human cells and is designated as safe to use with biosafety level (BSL) 1 in most laboratories. BacMam technology ensures that most mammalian cell types are transduced/transfected with high efficiency and minimal toxicity. This transient transfection can be detected after overnight incubation for up to five days—enough time to carry out most dynamic cellular analyses. Like any transfection/transduction technique, the BacMam method does not transfect/transduce all of the cells with equal efficiency, making it poorly suited to cellular population studies or automated imaging/counting. CellLight® reagents are ideal for experiments where cellular or subcellular co-locatization is required, or for cellular function studies that need special resolution.

Alexa Fluor™ 488 Phalloidin (Invitrogen™)

Alexa Fluor 488® phalloidin is a high-affinity filamentous actin (F-actin) probe conjugated to our bright, photostable, green-fluorescent Alexa Fluor® 488 dye.

Selectively stains F-actin
Outstanding fluorescence performance
Excitation/Emission: 495/518 nm
Superior to antibody staining
Optimal for fixed and permeabilized samples

Get Superior Results in Your Actin Staining Studies
Phalloidin is a bicyclic peptide belonging to a family of toxins isolated from the deadly Amanita phalloides “death cap" mushroom and is commonly used in imaging applications to selectively label F-actin. Fluorescently-labeled phalloidin has several advantages over antibodies for actin labeling, including virtually identical binding properties with actin from different species of plants and animals, and low non-specific binding. Phalloidin binds F-actin with high selectivity, while Alexa Fluor® 488 provides green fluorescence of unparalleled brightness and photostability.

Use in Multiple Applications
Alexa Fluor® 488 phalloidin can be used to visualize and quantitate F-actin in tissue sections, cell cultures, or cell-free preparations. Alexa Fluor® 488 phalloidin staining is fully compatible with other fluorescent stains used in cellular analyses, including fluorescent proteins, Qdot® nanocrystals and other Alexa Fluor® conjugates including secondary antibodies.

Read about labeling F-Actin with phallotoxins

Find out more about our Alexa Fluor® 488 products

Create a Cellular Masterpiece with Alexa Fluor® Phalloidin using the Cell Paint Tool

See the full line of Alexa Fluor® Dye products

eBioscience™ Phalloidin eFluor™ 570 (Invitrogen™)

Phalloidin is a peptide toxin isolated from the Amanita phalloides mushroom. Phalloidin selectively binds F-actin and functions to stablilize actin polymers by inhibiting the dissociation of actin monomers from the filament ends. Because F-actin polymers compose the cytoskeleton of almost all eukaryotic cells, phalloidin conjugates can be useful probes for visualizing the structure of live or fixed cells using microscopy. Phalloidin eFluor™ 570 can be used to label cells of multiple species.

Phalloidin eFluor™ 570 is supplied as a frozen liquid. To prepare the 1000X stock solution, thaw the vial, add 30 uL high-quality anhydrous DMSO, mix and briefly spin down. The resulting solution (phalloidin DMSO stock) should be aliquoted, protected from light and moisture, and stored at -20°C. To prepare a 1X working solution of phalloidin conjugate, add 1 uL of 1000X phalloidin DMSO stock solution to 1 mL of PBS containing 1% BSA.

Emit
570 nm

Excite
555 nm

Reported Application
Immunocytochemistry, Immunohistochemical Staining, Microscopy

CellLight™ Late Endosomes-RFP, BacMam 2.0 (Invitrogen™)

CellLight® Late Endosomes-RFP, BacMam 2.0, provides an easy way to label late endosomes with red fluorescent protein (RFP) in live cells. Simply add the reagent to your cells, incubate overnight, and the cells are ready to image in the morning.

Want to label other cell structures? Learn more about CellLight® fluorescent protein labeling tools

This ready-to-use construct is transfected into cells using BacMam 2.0 technology, where it expresses RFP fused to Rab7a. You can observe late endosomes-RFP behavior in live cells independently of organelle pH and label with multiple tracking or tracing dyes to image dynamic cellular processes.

Cells expressing CellLight® constructs can also be fixed with formaldehyde for multiplexed imaging using immunocytochemical techniques.

CellLight® Technology is:
Fast and convenient: simply add CellLight® reagent to your cells, incubate overnight, and image—or store frozen, assay-ready cells for later use
Highly efficient: up to 90% transduction of a wide range of mammalian cell lines, including primary cells, stem cells, and neurons
Flexible: co-transduce more than one BacMam reagent for multiplex experiments or co-localization studies; tightly control expression levels by simply varying the dose
Less toxic: CellLight® reagents are non-replicating in mammalian cells and are suitable for biosafety level (BSL) 1 handling

BacMam Technology

CellLight® Late Endosomes-RFP, BacMam 2.0, is a fusion construct of Rab7a and TagRFP, providing accurate and specific targeting to cellular Late Endosomes-RFP. This fusion construct is packaged in the insect virus baculovirus, which does not replicate in human cells and is designated as safe to use with biosafety level (BSL) 1 in most laboratories. BacMam technology ensures that most mammalian cell types are transduced/transfected with high efficiency and minimal toxicity. This transient transfection can be detected after overnight incubation for up to five days—enough time to carry out most dynamic cellular analyses. Like any transfection/transduction technique, the BacMam method does not transfect/transduce all of the cells with equal efficiency, making it poorly suited to cellular population studies or automated imaging/counting. CellLight® reagents are ideal for experiments where cellular or subcellular co-locatization is required, or for cellular function studies that need special resolution.

CellLight™ Lysosomes-GFP, BacMam 2.0 (Invitrogen™)

CellLight® Lysosomes-GFP, BacMam 2.0, provides an easy method for the labeling of lysosomes with Green Fluorescent Protein (GFP) in live cells. Simply add the reagent to your cells, incubate overnight, and the cells are ready to image in the morning. This ready-to-use construct is transduced/transfected into cells using BacMam 2.0 technology, where it expresses GFP fused to Lamp1 (lysosomal associated membrane protein 1). You can observe lysosomes-GFP behavior in live cells using a fluorescent imaging system and standard FITC/GFP filter set. Study staining of lysosomes, which does not depend upon organelle pH or some other parameter, that can be different from one cell type to other. In addition, you can co-transduce/transfect more than one CellLight® reagent and label live cells with multiple tracking or tracing dyes to image dynamic cellular processes. Cells expressing CellLight® constructs can also be fixed with formaldehyde for multiplexing with antibodies using immunocytochemical techniques.

CellLight® Technology
Highly efficient: up to 90% transduction of a wide range of mammalian cell lines, including primary cells, stem cells, and neurons
Fast and convenient: simply add CellLight® reagent to your cells, incubate overnight, and image—or store frozen, assay-ready cells for later use
Less toxic: CellLight® reagents are non-replicating in mammalian cells and are suitable for biosafety level (BSL) 1 handling
Flexible: co-transduce more than one BacMam reagent for multiplex experiments or co-localization studies; tightly control expression levels by simply varying the dose

Learn more about CellLight® fluorescent protein labeling

BacMam Technology
CellLight® Lysosomes-GFP, BacMam 2.0, is a fusion construct of Lamp1 (lysosomal associated membrane protein 1) and emGFP, providing accurate and specific targeting to cellular lysosomes-GFP. This fusion construct is packaged in the insect virus baculovirus, which does not replicate in human cells and is designated as safe to use with biosafety level (BSL) 1 in most laboratories. BacMam technology ensures that most mammalian cell types are transduced/transfected with high efficiency and minimal toxicity. This transient transfection can be detected after overnight incubation for up to five days—enough time to carry out most dynamic cellular analyses. Like any transfection/transduction technique, the BacMam method does not transfect/transduce all of the cells with equal efficiency, making it poorly suited to cellular population studies or automated imaging/counting. CellLight® reagents are ideal for experiments where cellular or subcellular co-locatization is required, or for cellular function studies that need special resolution.

CellLight™ Mitochondria-RFP, BacMam 2.0 (Invitrogen™)

CellLight® Mitochondria-RFP, BacMam 2.0, provides an easy method for the labeling of mitochondria with Red Fluorescent Protein (RFP) in live cells. Simply add the reagent to your cells, incubate overnight, and the cells are ready to image in the morning. This ready-to-use construct is transduced/transfected into cells using BacMam 2.0 technology, where it expresses RFP fused to the Leader sequence of E1 alpha pyruvate dehydrogenase. You can observe mitochondria-RFP behavior in live cells using a fluorescent imaging system and standard TRITC/RFP filter set. Study staining of mitochondria, which does not depend upon mitochondrial membrane potential. In addition, you can co-transduce/transfect more than one CellLight® reagent and label live cells with multiple tracking or tracing dyes to image dynamic cellular processes. Cells expressing CellLight® constructs can also be fixed with formaldehyde for multiplexing with antibodies using immunocytochemical techniques.

CellLight® Technology
Highly efficient: up to 90% transduction of a wide range of mammalian cell lines, including primary cells, stem cells, and neurons
Fast and convenient: simply add CellLight® reagent to your cells, incubate overnight, and image—or store frozen, assay-ready cells for later use
Less toxic: CellLight® reagents are non-replicating in mammalian cells and are suitable for biosafety level (BSL) 1 handling
Flexible: co-transduce more than one BacMam reagent for multiplex experiments or co-localization studies; tightly control expression levels by simply varying the dose

Learn more about CellLight® fluorescent protein labeling

BacMam Technology
CellLight® Mitochondria-RFP, BacMam 2.0, is a fusion construct of the Leader sequence of E1 alpha pyruvate dehydrogenase and TagRFP, providing accurate and specific targeting to cellular mitochondria-RFP. This fusion construct is packaged in the insect virus baculovirus, which does not replicate in human cells and is designated as safe to use with biosafety level (BSL) 1 in most laboratories. BacMam technology ensures that most mammalian cell types are transduced/transfected with high efficiency and minimal toxicity. This transient transfection can be detected after overnight incubation for up to five days—enough time to carry out most dynamic cellular analyses. Like any transfection/transduction technique, the BacMam method does not transfect/transduce all of the cells with equal efficiency, making it poorly suited to cellular population studies or automated imaging/counting. CellLight® reagents are ideal for experiments where cellular or subcellular co-locatization is required, or for cellular function studies that need special resolution.

Phalloidin (Invitrogen™)

Unlabeled phalloidin can be used as a control in blocking F-acting staining or in promoting actin polymerization. can be used as a control in blocking F-acting staining or in promoting actin polymerization.

CellLight™ Tubulin-RFP, BacMam 2.0 (Invitrogen™)

CellLight® Tubulin-RFP, BacMam 2.0, provides an easy method for the labeling of tubulin with Red Fluorescent Protein (RFP) in live cells. Simply add the reagent to your cells, incubate overnight, and the cells are ready to image in the morning. This ready-to-use construct is transduced/transfected into cells using BacMam 2.0 technology, where it expresses RFP fused to human tubulin. You can observe tubulin-RFP behavior in live cells using a fluorescent imaging system and standard TRITC/RFP filter set. Study dynamic action of tubulin filaments in live cells with almost no cytotoxicity. In addition, you can co-transduce/transfect more than one CellLight® reagent and label live cells with multiple tracking or tracing dyes to image dynamic cellular processes. Cells expressing CellLight® constructs can also be fixed with formaldehyde for multiplexing with antibodies using immunocytochemical techniques.

CellLight® Technology
Highly efficient: up to 90% transduction of a wide range of mammalian cell lines, including primary cells, stem cells, and neurons
Fast and convenient: simply add CellLight® reagent to your cells, incubate overnight, and image—or store frozen, assay-ready cells for later use
Less toxic: CellLight® reagents are non-replicating in mammalian cells and are suitable for biosafety level (BSL) 1 handling
Flexible: co-transduce more than one BacMam reagent for multiplex experiments or co-localization studies; tightly control expression levels by simply varying the dose

Learn more about CellLight® fluorescent protein labeling

BacMam Technology
CellLight® Tubulin-RFP, BacMam 2.0, is a fusion construct of human tubulin and TagRFP, providing accurate and specific targeting to cellular tubulin-RFP. This fusion construct is packaged in the insect virus baculovirus, which does not replicate in human cells and is designated as safe to use with biosafety level (BSL) 1 in most laboratories. BacMam technology ensures that most mammalian cell types are transduced/transfected with high efficiency and minimal toxicity. This transient transfection can be detected after overnight incubation for up to five days—enough time to carry out most dynamic cellular analyses. Like any transfection/transduction technique, the BacMam method does not transfect/transduce all of the cells with equal efficiency, making it poorly suited to cellular population studies or automated imaging/counting. CellLight® reagents are ideal for experiments where cellular or subcellular co-locatization is required, or for cellular function studies that need special resolution.

CellLight™ Null (control), BacMam 2.0 (Invitrogen™)

CellLight® Null Control is intended as a negative transduction control for our CellLight® fluorescent protein live cell staining reagents. The CellLight® Null Control contains no mammalian promoter and no transgene. CellLight® reagents combine the utility and selectivity of fluorescent proteins with the transduction efficiency of BacMam technology, enabling unambiguous staining of organelles, cellular structures, and processes in live mammalian cells. They are provided in a ready-to-use format—simply add, incubate, and image—with highly efficient expression in cell lines, primary cells, stem cells, and neurons.

CellLight® Null Control is:

• Highly Efficient:
>90% transduction of a wide range of mammalian cell lines, including primary cells, stem cells, and neurons
• Fast and Convenient: Simply add CellLight® Null Control reagent to your cells, incubate overnight, and evaluate how well your cells tolerate BacMam transduction
• Safe: CellLight® reagents are non-replicating in mammalian cells, lack of observable cytopathic effect, and are suitable for biosafety level (BSL) 1 handling

CellLight® Reagents Principle
Other CellLight® reagents are fusion constructs of signal peptides or cell structure proteins with premiere emGFP, TagRFP or CFP for accurate and specific targeting to sub-cellular compartments and structures. A variety of targets, including cytoskeleton, mitochondria, and secretory compartments, are available for convenient multiplexing, co-localization studies, and imaging of dynamic cellular processes where high spatial and temporal resolution is required. The CellLight® reagents tolerate fixation with formaldehyde and are therefore compatible with fixed-cell analysis.

BacMam Technology
The BacMam technology is based on an insect virus (baculovirus) for efficient transduction and transient expression in mammalian cells. The baculovirus has been modified to include an expression cassette containing the CellLight® fusion construct.

BacMam 2.0 incorporates elements that help greatly enhance transduction efficiency and expression levels: a pseudotyped capsid protein for more efficient cell entry, an enhanced CMV promoter, and the Woodchuck hepatitis post-transcriptional regulatory element (WPRE).

Baculoviruses do not replicate in mammalian cells and thus have an excellent safety profile and lack cytopathic effects on cells.

Work Flow Convenience
Unlike expression vectors, BacMam reagents enable titratable and reproducible transient protein expression. There is no need for harsh transfection methods or tedious cloning. To achieve highly efficient expression even in sensitive cells, such as stem cells, neurons, and primary cells, just add CellLight® reagents to cells in complete medium, incubate, and image the next day. Alternatively, mix CellLight® reagent and cells at the time of plating.

Co-transduction efficiencies are high allowing multiple CellLight® reagents to be readily used in the same experiment when multiple structures or pathways need to be labeled. CellLight® reagents also tolerate fixation with formaldehyde and are thus compatible with antibody-based fixed-cell analysis.

Typically, transiently transduced cells express fusion protein for about five days, though in slowly dividing cells, such as some primary cell types, expression has been demonstrated for up to two weeks; in terminally differentiated neurons we have recorded images more than three weeks after transduction.

Tubulin Trackerâ„¢ Deep Red (Invitrogen™)

Tubulin Tracker Deep Red provides deep-red/far-red fluorescence when bound to polymerized tubulin in live cells. Tubulin Tracker Deep Red is based on Docetaxel conjugated with a bright, photostable deep-red fluorophore. Docetaxel belongs to the family of cytoskeletal drugs that target tubulin. Tubulin Tracker Deep Red absorbs and emits optimally at 652 nm and 669 nm, respectively and can be visualized with standard Cy5 filter settings using almost any fluorescent imaging instrument. It can be multiplexed with blue, green, orange, red, and near-IR fluorophores.

Premo™ FUCCI Cell Cycle Sensor (BacMam 2.0) (Invitrogen™)

Premo™ FUCCI Cell Cycle Sensor is a fluorescent, two-color sensor of cell cycle progression and division in live cells. It allows accurate and sensitive cell cycle analysis of individual cells or a population of cells by fluorescence microscopy, flow cytometry, or high-content imaging.

The Premo™ FUCCI Cell Cycle Sensor is delivered by highly efficient BacMam 2.0 technology, enabling cell cycle studies in essentially any cell type. Provided in a ready-to-use format—simply add, incubate, and image—Premo™ FUCCI affords highly efficient transient expression in cell lines, primary cells, and stem cells.

Premo™ FUCCI Cell Cycle Sensor is:

Accurate: Cell-cycle controlled expression of bright GFP and RFP indicators for live cell analysis of individual cells or populations
Highly Efficient: >90% transduction of a wide range of mammalian cell lines, including primary cells, stem cells, and neurons
Fast and Convenient: Simply add Premo™ FUCCI Cell Cycle Sensor to your cells in complete medium, incubate overnight, and analyze
Safe: BacMam reagents are non-integrating and non-replicating in mammalian cells, lack observable cytopathic effects, and are suitable for biosafety level (BSL) 1 handling

Study Cell Cycle in the Relevant Cellular Context
If you are studying cell cycle regulators, cell differentiation, or are developing anti-cancer compounds against cell cycle-related targets, Premo™ FUCCI is a superbly sensitive and accurate sensor tool. The efficient transduction and transient expression allows you to conduct these experiments in the biologically relevant cell types.

Simple, Quick Cell Cycle Visualization
Simply add the ready-to-use Premo™ FUCCI cell cycle sensor to your cells in complete medium, incubate overnight, then visualize cell cycle progression in populations of cells using fluorescence microscopy, flow cytometry, or high content imaging instruments. Cells change from red in the G1 to yellow in the G1/S interphase and green in S, G2, and M phases, as fusions of emGFP and TagRFP coupled to two cell cycle-regulated proteins are expressed and degraded.

How It Works
Premo™ FUCCI is derived from the fluorescence ubiquitination cell cycle indicator (FUCCI), developed by Miyawaki and colleagues (Ref 1). FUCCI is based on two cell cycle-regulated proteins, geminin and Cdt1, fused to one green (emGFP) and red (TagRFP) fluorescent protein, respectively. As Cdt1 and geminin are present only during specific phases of the cell cycle, the fluorescent protein partner is similarly cell-cycle dependent. Ubiquitination by specific ubiquitin E3 ligases target the fusion constructs in the proteasome for degradation. E3 ligases display temporal regulation of activity, resulting in biphasic cycling of geminin and Cdt1 levels during the cell cycle. Geminin-GFP is degraded in the G1 phase; the presence of Cdt1-TagRFP is indicated by red fluorescence within nuclei. During the S, G2, and M phases, however, Cdt1 is degraded and only geminin-GFP remains, giving cells green-fluorescent nuclei. During the G1/S transition, when Cdt1 levels are decreasing and geminin levels are increasing, both proteins are present, giving a yellow-fluorescent nuclear signal. This dynamic color change (red to yellow to green) clearly displays progression through the cell cycle and division.

Powered by BacMam 2.0 Technology
BacMam technology is based on an insect virus (baculovirus) for efficient transduction and transient expression in mammalian cells. The Premo™ FUCCI cell cycle sensor uses BacMam 2.0 technology to enable cell cycle studies in essentially any cell type, from cell lines to stem cells by incorporation of a mammalian expression cassette for the FUCCI construct. Compared with BacMam 1.0 technology, BacMam 2.0 does not require the use of an enhancer and can be used in complete medium. There is no need to purify plasmid or worry about vector integrity and quality. No lipids, dye-loading chemicals, or other potentially harmful treatments are required. BacMam 2.0 incorporates elements that greatly enhance transduction efficiency and expression levels: a pseudotyped capsid protein for more efficient cell entry, an enhanced CMV promoter, and the Woodchuck hepatitis post-transcriptional regulatory element (WPRE).

Titratable Expression that Lasts Up to Two Weeks
The transient transgene expression lasts from about 5 days in transformed cell lines to up to two weeks in slowly dividing cells, such as some primary cell types; we have imaged terminally differentiated neurons more than three weeks after transduction. In addition, BacMam technology permits defined optimization because it gives you the ability to precisely titrate expression levels. Baculoviruses do not replicate in mammalian cells, nor are viral genes expressed, giving them an excellent safety profile and lack of cytopathic effects on mammalian cells.

Learn more about the Premo™ FUCCI Cell Cycle Sensor

Reference:

1. Sakaue-Sawano A, Kurokawa H, Morimura T, Hanyu A, Hama H, Osawa H, Kashiwagi S, Fukami K, Miyata T, Miyoshi H, Imamura T, Ogawa M, Masai H, Miyawaki A. Visualizing spatiotemporal dynamics of multicellular cell-cycle progression. Cell. 2008 Feb 8;132(3):487-98. PubMed PMID: 18267078

Related products
We offer a range of BacMam-based reagents beyond CellLight® reagents, including the BacMam GFP Transduction Control that is ideal to test out the technology and optimize transduction conditions, Premo™ Biosensors, including Premo™ Autophagy Sensor, ion channel drug targets, pathway analysis kits, and more.

Learn more about these products and the BacMam technology

See other imaging tools and reagents

For Research Use Only. Not intended for any animal or human therapeutic or diagnostic use.

CellLight™ Histone 2B-GFP, BacMam 2.0 (Invitrogen™)

CellLight® Histone 2B-GFP, BacMam 2.0, provides an easy way to label histone 2b with green fluorescent protein (GFP) in live cells. Simply add the reagent to your cells, incubate overnight, and the cells are ready to image in the morning.

Want to label other cell structures? Learn more about CellLight® fluorescent protein labeling tools

This ready-to-use construct is transfected into cells using BacMam 2.0 technology, where it expresses GFP fused to histone 2B. You can observe histone 2B-GFP behavior in live cells using fluorescent imaging with almost no cytotoxicity.

Cells expressing CellLight® constructs can also be fixed with formaldehyde for multiplexed imaging using immunocytochemical techniques.

CellLight® Technology is:
Fast and convenient: simply add CellLight® reagent to your cells, incubate overnight, and image—or store frozen, assay-ready cells for later use
Highly efficient: up to 90% transduction of a wide range of mammalian cell lines, including primary cells, stem cells, and neurons
Flexible: co-transduce more than one BacMam reagent for multiplex experiments or co-localization studies; tightly control expression levels by simply varying the dose
Less toxic: CellLight® reagents are non-replicating in mammalian cells and are suitable for biosafety level (BSL) 1 handling

BacMam Technology
CellLight® Histone 2B-GFP, BacMam 2.0, is a fusion construct of histone 2B and emGFP, providing accurate and specific targeting to cellular histone 2B-GFP. This fusion construct is packaged in the insect virus baculovirus, which does not replicate in human cells and is designated as safe to use with biosafety level (BSL) 1 in most laboratories. BacMam technology ensures that most mammalian cell types are transduced/transfected with high efficiency and minimal toxicity. This transient transfection can be detected after overnight incubation for up to five days—enough time to carry out most dynamic cellular analyses. Like any transfection/transduction technique, the BacMam method does not transfect/transduce all of the cells with equal efficiency, making it poorly suited to cellular population studies or automated imaging/counting. CellLight® reagents are ideal for experiments where cellular or subcellular co-locatization is required, or for cellular function studies that need special resolution.

Alexa Fluor™ 532 Phalloidin (Invitrogen™)

Alexa Fluor® 532 phalloidin is a high-affinity F-actin probe conjugated to our bright, photostable, yellow fluorescent Alexa Fluor® 532 dye.

Selectively stains F-actin
Outstanding fluorescence performance
Excitation/Emission: 531/554 nm
Superior to antibody staining
Optimal for fixed and permeabilized samples

Get Superior Results in Actin Staining Studies
Phalloidin is a bicyclic peptide belonging to a family of toxins isolated from the deadly Amanita phalloides "death cap" mushroom and is commonly used in imaging applications to selectively label F-actin. Fluorescently-labeled phalloidin has virtually identical binding properties with actin from different species including plants and animals. Phalloidin binds F-actin with high selectivity while Alexa Fluor® 532 provides yellow fluorescence of unparalleled brightness and photostability. Demonstrating very little nonspecific staining, Alexa Fluor®532 phalloidin allows high-contrast discrimination of actin staining.

Use in Multiple Applications
Alexa Fluor® 532 phalloidin can be used to visualize and quantitate F-actin in tissue sections, cell cultures, or cell-free preparations. Alexa Fluor® 532 phalloidin staining is fully compatible with other fluorescent stains used in cellular analyses including fluorescent proteins, Qdot® nanocrystals, and other Alexa Fluor® conjugates including secondary antibodies.

For research use only. Not intended for human or animal therapeutic or diagnostic use.

Related Links
Read about labeling F-Actin with phallotoxins.
See the full line of Alexa Fluor® Dye products.
Create a Cellular Masterpiece with Alexa Fluor® Phalloidin using the Cell Paint Tool.