Shop All Aldehyde-, Ketone-, & Carboxylate-Reactive Labels

Alexa Fluor™ 488 Hydrazide Invitrogen™

Alexa Fluor® 488 Hydrazide is useful as a cell tracer and as a reactive dye for labeling aldehydes or ketones in polysaccharides or glycoproteins. Alexa Fluor® 488 is a bright, green fluorescent dye with excitation ideally suited to the 488 nn laser line. Used for stable signal generation in imaging and flow cytometry, Alexa Fluor® 488 dye is water soluble and pH-insensitive from pH 4 to pH 10. In addition to reactive dye formulations, we offer Alexa Fluor® 488 dye conjugated to a variety of antibodies, peptides, proteins, tracers, and amplification substrates optimized for cellular labeling and detection (learn more).

Detailed information about this AlexaFluor® hydrazide:

• Fluorophore label : Alexa Fluor® 488 dye
• Reactive group: hydrazide
• Reactivity: Aldehydes or keytones in polysaccharides or glycoproteins
• Ex/Em of the conjugate: 493/517 nm
• Extinction coefficient: 71,000 cm-1M-1
• Spectrally similar dyes: FITC, GFP
• Molecular weight: 570.48

Cell Tracking and Tracing Applications
Alexa Fluor® hydrazides and hydroxlamines are useful as low molecular weight, membrane-impermeant, aldehyde-fixable cell tracers, exhibiting brighter fluorescence and greater photostability than cell tracers derived from other spectrally similar fluorophores. They are easily loaded into cells by microinjection, infusion from patch pipette, or uptake induced by our Influx™ Pinocytic Cell-Loading Reagent. Learn more about cell tracking and tracing.

Glycoprotein and Polysaccharide Labeling Applications
The Alexa Fluor® hydrazides and hydroxlamines are reactive molecules that can be used to add a fluorescent label to biomolecules containing aldehydes or ketones. Aldehydes and ketones can be introduced into polysaccharides and glycoproteins by periodate-mediated oxidation of vicinal diols. Galactose oxidase can also be used to oxidize terminal galactose residues of glycoproteins to aldehydes.

Hydrazide vs Hydroxylamine
Hydrazine derivatives react with ketones and aldehydes to yield relatively stable hydrazones. Hydroxylamine derivatives (aminooxy compounds) react with aldehydes and ketones to yield oximes. Oximes are superior to hydrazones with respect to hydrolytic stability. Both hydrazones and oximes can be reduced with sodium borohydride (NaBH4) to further increase the stability of the linkage.

Learn More About Protein and Antibody Labeling
We offer a wide selection of Molecular Probes® antibody and protein labeling kits to fit your starting material and your experimental setup. See our Antibody Labeling kits or use our Labeling Chemistry Selection Tool for other choices. To learn more about our labeling kits, read Kits for Labeling Proteins and Nucleic Acids—Section 1.2 in The Molecular Probes® Handbook.

We’ll Make a Custom Conjugate for You
If you can’t find what you’re looking for in our online catalog, we’ll prepare a custom antibody or protein conjugate for you. Our custom conjugation service is efficient and confidential, and we stand by the quality of our work. We are ISO 9001:2000 certified.

Related Products
DMSO (dimethylsulfoxide) (D12345)
Antibody Conjugate Purification Kit for 0.5-1 mg (A33086)
Antibody Conjugate Purification Kit for 20-50 µg (A33087)
Antibody Conjugate Purification kit for 50-100 µg (A33088)

Alexa Fluor™ 568 Hydrazide Invitrogen™

Alexa Fluor® 568 Hydrazide is useful as a cell tracer and as a reactive dye for labeling aldehydes or ketones in polysaccharides or glycoproteins. Alexa Fluor® 568 is a bright, red fluorescent dye. Used for stable signal generation in imaging and flow cytometry, Alexa Fluor® 568 dye is water soluble and pH-insensitive from pH 4 to pH 10. In addition to reactive dye formulations, we offer Alexa Fluor® 568 dye conjugated to a variety of antibodies, peptides, proteins, tracers, and amplification substrates optimized for cellular labeling and detection (learn more).

Detailed information about this AlexaFluor® hydrazide:

• Fluorophore label : Alexa Fluor® 568 dye
• Reactive group: hydrazide
• Reactivity: Aldehydes or keytones in polysaccharides or glycoproteins
• Ex/Em of the conjugate: 576/599 nm
• Extinction coefficient: 86,000 cm-1M-1
• Spectrally similar dyes: Rhodamine Red
• Molecular weight: 730.74

Cell Tracking and Tracing Applications
Alexa Fluor® hydrazides and hydroxlamines are useful as low molecular weight, membrane-impermeant, aldehyde-fixable cell tracers, exhibiting brighter fluorescence and greater photostability than cell tracers derived from other spectrally similar fluorophores. They are easily loaded into cells by microinjection, infusion from patch pipette, or uptake induced by our Influx™ Pinocytic Cell-Loading Reagent. Learn more about cell tracking and tracing.

Glycoprotein and Polysaccharide Labeling Applications
The Alexa Fluor® hydrazides and hydroxlamines are reactive molecules that can be used to add a fluorescent label to biomolecules containing aldehydes or ketones. Aldehydes and ketones can be introduced into polysaccharides and glycoproteins by periodate-mediated oxidation of vicinal diols. Galactose oxidase can also be used to oxidize terminal galactose residues of glycoproteins to aldehydes.

Hydrazide vs Hydroxylamine
Hydrazine derivatives react with ketones and aldehydes to yield relatively stable hydrazones. Hydroxylamine derivatives (aminooxy compounds) react with aldehydes and ketones to yield oximes. Oximes are superior to hydrazones with respect to hydrolytic stability. Both hydrazones and oximes can be reduced with sodium borohydride (NaBH4) to further increase the stability of the linkage.

Learn More About Protein and Antibody Labeling
We offer a wide selection of Molecular Probes® antibody and protein labeling kits to fit your starting material and your experimental setup. See our Antibody Labeling kits or use our Labeling Chemistry Selection Tool for other choices. To learn more about our labeling kits, read Kits for Labeling Proteins and Nucleic Acids—Section 1.2 in The Molecular Probes® Handbook.

We’ll Make a Custom Conjugate for You
If you can’t find what you’re looking for in our online catalog, we’ll prepare a custom antibody or protein conjugate for you. Our custom conjugation service is efficient and confidential, and we stand by the quality of our work. We are ISO 9001:2000 certified.

Related Products
DMSO (dimethylsulfoxide) (D12345)
Antibody Conjugate Purification Kit for 0.5-1 mg (A33086)
Antibody Conjugate Purification Kit for 20-50 µg (A33087)
Antibody Conjugate Purification kit for 50-100 µg (A33088)

Alexa Fluor™ 594 Hydrazide Invitrogen™

Alexa Fluor® 594 Hydrazide is useful as a cell tracer and as a reactive dye for labeling aldehydes or ketones in polysaccharides or glycoproteins. Alexa Fluor® 594 is a bright, red fluorescent dye. Used for stable signal generation in imaging and flow cytometry, Alexa Fluor® 594 dye is water soluble and pH-insensitive from pH 4 to pH 10. In addition to reactive dye formulations, we offer Alexa Fluor® 594 dye conjugated to a variety of antibodies, peptides, proteins, tracers, and amplification substrates optimized for cellular labeling and detection (learn more).

Detailed information about this AlexaFluor® hydrazide:

• Fluorophore label : Alexa Fluor® 594 dye
• Reactive group: hydrazide
• Reactivity: Aldehydes or keytones in polysaccharides or glycoproteins
• Ex/Em of the conjugate: 588/613 nm
• Extinction coefficient: 97,000 cm-1M-1
• Spectrally similar dyes: Texas Red
• Molecular weight: 758.79

Cell Tracking and Tracing Applications
Alexa Fluor® hydrazides and hydroxlamines are useful as low molecular weight, membrane-impermeant, aldehyde-fixable cell tracers, exhibiting brighter fluorescence and greater photostability than cell tracers derived from other spectrally similar fluorophores. They are easily loaded into cells by microinjection, infusion from patch pipette, or uptake induced by our Influx™ Pinocytic Cell-Loading Reagent. Learn more about cell tracking and tracing.

Glycoprotein and Polysaccharide Labeling Applications
The Alexa Fluor® hydrazides and hydroxlamines are reactive molecules that can be used to add a fluorescent label to biomolecules containing aldehydes or ketones. Aldehydes and ketones can be introduced into polysaccharides and glycoproteins by periodate-mediated oxidation of vicinal diols. Galactose oxidase can also be used to oxidize terminal galactose residues of glycoproteins to aldehydes.

Hydrazide vs Hydroxylamine
Hydrazine derivatives react with ketones and aldehydes to yield relatively stable hydrazones. Hydroxylamine derivatives (aminooxy compounds) react with aldehydes and ketones to yield oximes. Oximes are superior to hydrazones with respect to hydrolytic stability. Both hydrazones and oximes can be reduced with sodium borohydride (NaBH4) to further increase the stability of the linkage.

Learn More About Protein and Antibody Labeling
We offer a wide selection of Molecular Probes® antibody and protein labeling kits to fit your starting material and your experimental setup. See our Antibody Labeling kits or use our Labeling Chemistry Selection Tool for other choices. To learn more about our labeling kits, read Kits for Labeling Proteins and Nucleic Acids—Section 1.2 in The Molecular Probes® Handbook.

We’ll Make a Custom Conjugate for You
If you can’t find what you’re looking for in our online catalog, we’ll prepare a custom antibody or protein conjugate for you. Our custom conjugation service is efficient and confidential, and we stand by the quality of our work. We are ISO 9001:2000 certified.

Related Products
DMSO (dimethylsulfoxide) (D12345)
Antibody Conjugate Purification Kit for 0.5-1 mg (A33086)
Antibody Conjugate Purification Kit for 20-50 µg (A33087)
Antibody Conjugate Purification kit for 50-100 µg (A33088)

Alexa Fluor™ 350 Hydrazide Invitrogen™

Alexa Fluor® 350 Hydrazide is useful as a cell tracer and as a reactive dye for labeling aldehydes or ketones in polysaccharides or glycoproteins. Alexa Fluor® 350 is a blue fluorescent dye with excitation ideally suited to the UV laser line. Used for stable signal generation in imaging and flow cytometry, Alexa Fluor® 350 dye is water soluble and pH-insensitive from pH 4 to pH 10. In addition to reactive dye formulations, we offer Alexa Fluor® 350 dye conjugated to a variety of antibodies, peptides, proteins, tracers, and amplification substrates optimized for cellular labeling and detection (learn more).

Detailed information about this AlexaFluor® hydrazide:

• Fluorophore label : Alexa Fluor® 350 dye
• Reactive group: hydrazide
• Reactivity: Aldehydes or keytones in polysaccharides or glycoproteins
• Ex/Em of the conjugate: 345/445 nm
• Extinction coefficient: 13,000 cm-1M-1
• Spectrally similar dyes: DAPI
• Molecular weight: 349.29

Cell Tracking and Tracing Applications
Alexa Fluor® hydrazides and hydroxlamines are useful as low molecular weight, membrane-impermeant, aldehyde-fixable cell tracers, exhibiting brighter fluorescence and greater photostability than cell tracers derived from other spectrally similar fluorophores. They are easily loaded into cells by microinjection, infusion from patch pipette, or uptake induced by our Influx™ Pinocytic Cell-Loading Reagent. Learn more about cell tracking and tracing.

Glycoprotein and Polysaccharide Labeling Applications
The Alexa Fluor® hydrazides and hydroxlamines are reactive molecules that can be used to add a fluorescent label to biomolecules containing aldehydes or ketones. Aldehydes and ketones can be introduced into polysaccharides and glycoproteins by periodate-mediated oxidation of vicinal diols. Galactose oxidase can also be used to oxidize terminal galactose residues of glycoproteins to aldehydes.

Hydrazide vs Hydroxylamine
Hydrazine derivatives react with ketones and aldehydes to yield relatively stable hydrazones. Hydroxylamine derivatives (aminooxy compounds) react with aldehydes and ketones to yield oximes. Oximes are superior to hydrazones with respect to hydrolytic stability. Both hydrazones and oximes can be reduced with sodium borohydride (NaBH4) to further increase the stability of the linkage.

Learn More About Protein and Antibody Labeling
We offer a wide selection of Molecular Probes® antibody and protein labeling kits to fit your starting material and your experimental setup. See our Antibody Labeling kits or use our Labeling Chemistry Selection Tool for other choices. To learn more about our labeling kits, read Kits for Labeling Proteins and Nucleic Acids—Section 1.2 in The Molecular Probes® Handbook.

We’ll Make a Custom Conjugate for You
If you can’t find what you’re looking for in our online catalog, we’ll prepare a custom antibody or protein conjugate for you. Our custom conjugation service is efficient and confidential, and we stand by the quality of our work. We are ISO 9001:2000 certified.

Related Products
DMSO (dimethylsulfoxide) (D12345)
Antibody Conjugate Purification Kit for 0.5-1 mg (A33086)
Antibody Conjugate Purification Kit for 20-50 µg (A33087)
Antibody Conjugate Purification kit for 50-100 µg (A33088)

Fluorescein Cadaverine; 5-((5-Aminopentyl)thioureidyl)Fluorescein, Dihydrobromide Salt Invitrogen™

The primary aliphatic amine of fluorescein cadaverine can be reversibly coupled to aldehydes and ketones to form a Schiff base - which can be reduced to a generate stable amine derivative by sodium borohydride (NaBH4) or sodium cyanoborohydride (NaCNH3). Carboxylic acids of proteins and other water-soluble biopolymers can be coupled to this molecule in aqueous solution using water-soluble carbodiimides such as EDAC (E2247).

Alexa Fluor™ 568 Hydrazide, for microinjection Invitrogen™

Alexa Fluor® 568 Hydrazide is useful as a cell tracer and as a reactive dye for labeling aldehydes or ketones in polysaccharides or glycoproteins. This version is formatted as a ready-to-use solution that is dissolved in a 200 mM KCl solution and filter sterilized.

Alexa Fluor® 568 is a bright, red fluorescent dye. Used for stable signal generation in imaging and flow cytometry, Alexa Fluor® 568 dye is water soluble and pH-insensitive from pH 4 to pH 10. In addition to reactive dye formulations, we offer Alexa Fluor® 568 dye conjugated to a variety of antibodies, peptides, proteins, tracers, and amplification substrates optimized for cellular labeling and detection (learn more).

Detailed information about this AlexaFluor® hydrazide:

• Fluorophore label : Alexa Fluor® 568 dye
• Reactive group: hydrazide
• Reactivity: Aldehydes or keytones in polysaccharides or glycoproteins
• Ex/Em of the conjugate: 576/599 nm
• Extinction coefficient: 86,000 cm-1M-1
• Spectrally similar dyes: Rhodamine Red
• Molecular weight: 730.74

Cell Tracking and Tracing Applications
Alexa Fluor® hydrazides and hydroxlamines are useful as low molecular weight, membrane-impermeant, aldehyde-fixable cell tracers, exhibiting brighter fluorescence and greater photostability than cell tracers derived from other spectrally similar fluorophores. They are easily loaded into cells by microinjection, infusion from patch pipette, or uptake induced by our Influx™ Pinocytic Cell-Loading Reagent. It is designed to be loaded into cells by microinjection or infusion from patch pipette. Learn more about cell tracking and tracing.

Glycoprotein and Polysaccharide Labeling Applications
The Alexa Fluor® hydrazides and hydroxlamines are reactive molecules that can be used to add a fluorescent label to biomolecules containing aldehydes or ketones. Aldehydes and ketones can be introduced into polysaccharides and glycoproteins by periodate-mediated oxidation of vicinal diols. Galactose oxidase can also be used to oxidize terminal galactose residues of glycoproteins to aldehydes.

Hydrazide vs Hydroxylamine
Hydrazine derivatives react with ketones and aldehydes to yield relatively stable hydrazones. Hydroxylamine derivatives (aminooxy compounds) react with aldehydes and ketones to yield oximes. Oximes are superior to hydrazones with respect to hydrolytic stability. Both hydrazones and oximes can be reduced with sodium borohydride (NaBH4) to further increase the stability of the linkage.

Learn More About Protein and Antibody Labeling
We offer a wide selection of Molecular Probes® antibody and protein labeling kits to fit your starting material and your experimental setup. See our Antibody Labeling kits or use our Labeling Chemistry Selection Tool for other choices. To learn more about our labeling kits, read Kits for Labeling Proteins and Nucleic Acids—Section 1.2 in The Molecular Probes® Handbook.

We’ll Make a Custom Conjugate for You
If you can’t find what you’re looking for in our online catalog, we’ll prepare a custom antibody or protein conjugate for you. Our custom conjugation service is efficient and confidential, and we stand by the quality of our work. We are ISO 9001:2000 certified.

Related Products
DMSO (dimethylsulfoxide) (D12345)
Antibody Conjugate Purification Kit for 0.5-1 mg (A33086)
Antibody Conjugate Purification Kit for 20-50 µg (A33087)
Antibody Conjugate Purification kit for 50-100 µg (A33088)

Alexa Fluor™ 594 Hydrazide, for microinjection Invitrogen™

Alexa Fluor® 594 Hydrazide is useful as a cell tracer and as a reactive dye for labeling aldehydes or ketones in polysaccharides or glycoproteins. This version is formatted as a ready-to-use solution that is dissolved in a 200 mM KCl solution and filter sterilized.

Alexa Fluor® 594 is a bright, red fluorescent dye. Used for stable signal generation in imaging and flow cytometry, Alexa Fluor® 594 dye is water soluble and pH-insensitive from pH 4 to pH 10. In addition to reactive dye formulations, we offer Alexa Fluor® 594 dye conjugated to a variety of antibodies, peptides, proteins, tracers, and amplification substrates optimized for cellular labeling and detection (learn more).

Detailed information about this AlexaFluor® hydrazide:

• Fluorophore label : Alexa Fluor® 594 dye
• Reactive group: hydrazide
• Reactivity: Aldehydes or keytones in polysaccharides or glycoproteins
• Ex/Em of the conjugate: 588/613 nm
• Extinction coefficient: 97,000 cm-1M-1
• Spectrally similar dyes: Texas Red
• Molecular weight: 758.79

Cell Tracking and Tracing Applications
Alexa Fluor® hydrazides and hydroxlamines are useful as low molecular weight, membrane-impermeant, aldehyde-fixable cell tracers, exhibiting brighter fluorescence and greater photostability than cell tracers derived from other spectrally similar fluorophores. They are easily loaded into cells by microinjection, infusion from patch pipette, or uptake induced by our Influx™ Pinocytic Cell-Loading Reagent. Learn more about cell tracking and tracing.

Glycoprotein and Polysaccharide Labeling Applications
The Alexa Fluor® hydrazides and hydroxlamines are reactive molecules that can be used to add a fluorescent label to biomolecules containing aldehydes or ketones. Aldehydes and ketones can be introduced into polysaccharides and glycoproteins by periodate-mediated oxidation of vicinal diols. Galactose oxidase can also be used to oxidize terminal galactose residues of glycoproteins to aldehydes.

Hydrazide vs Hydroxylamine
Hydrazine derivatives react with ketones and aldehydes to yield relatively stable hydrazones. Hydroxylamine derivatives (aminooxy compounds) react with aldehydes and ketones to yield oximes. Oximes are superior to hydrazones with respect to hydrolytic stability. Both hydrazones and oximes can be reduced with sodium borohydride (NaBH4) to further increase the stability of the linkage.

Learn More About Protein and Antibody Labeling
We offer a wide selection of Molecular Probes® antibody and protein labeling kits to fit your starting material and your experimental setup. See our Antibody Labeling kits or use our Labeling Chemistry Selection Tool for other choices. To learn more about our labeling kits, read Kits for Labeling Proteins and Nucleic Acids—Section 1.2 in The Molecular Probes® Handbook.

We’ll Make a Custom Conjugate for You
If you can’t find what you’re looking for in our online catalog, we’ll prepare a custom antibody or protein conjugate for you. Our custom conjugation service is efficient and confidential, and we stand by the quality of our work. We are ISO 9001:2000 certified.

Related Products
DMSO (dimethylsulfoxide) (D12345)
Antibody Conjugate Purification Kit for 0.5-1 mg (A33086)
Antibody Conjugate Purification Kit for 20-50 µg (A33087)
Antibody Conjugate Purification kit for 50-100 µg (A33088)

5-(Aminomethyl)Fluorescein, Hydrochloride Invitrogen™

The primary aliphatic amine of 5-(aminomethyl)fluorescein can be reversibly coupled to aldehydes and ketones to form a Schiff base - which can be reduced to a stable amine derivative by sodium borohydride (NaBH4) or sodium cyanoborohydride (NaCNH3) to form new probes. Carboxylic acids of proteins and other water-soluble biopolymers can be coupled to this molecule in aqueous solution using water-soluble carbodiimides such as EDAC (E2247).

EZ-Link™ Alkoxyamine-PEG4-Biotin Thermo Scientific™

Thermo Scientific EZ-Link Alkoxyamine-PEG4-Biotin is a biotinylation reagent containing a four-unit polyethylene glycol (PEG) spacer for biotinylating macromolecules at carbohydrate groups that have been oxidized to form aldehydes.

Features of EZ-Link Alkoxyamine-PEG4-Biotin:

Glycoprotein labeling—biotinylate glycosylated proteins at sialic acid residues for detection or purification using streptavidin probes or resins
Cell surface labeling—biotinylate and isolate cell surface glycoproteins; reagent does not permeate membranes of whole cells
Aldehyde-reactive—reacts with aldehydes formed by periodate-oxidation of sugar groups
Alkoxyamine-activated—aminooxy group forms more stable linkages than hydrazide reagents
Pegylated – spacer arm contains a hydrophilic, 4-unit, polyethylene glycol (PEG) group
Enhances solubility – pegylation imparts water solubility to the biotinylated molecule, helping to prevent aggregation of biotinylated antibodies stored in solution
Irreversible—forms stable (permanent) oxime bonds; spacer arm cannot be cleaved
Solubility—usually dissolved in DMSO to make concentrated stock solution
Medium length—spacer arm (total length added to target) is 27.0 angstroms, sufficient to minimize steric hindrance for binding

Aminooxy-biotin reagents such as this one are useful for biotinylating glycoproteins and other molecules that have oxidizable polysaccharides groups. The alkoxyamine group (also called an aminooxy or aminoxy group) conjugates to aldehydes of oxidized sugars. EZ-Link Alkoxyamine-PEG-Biotin reagents contain a multi-functional extended spacer arm that is a flexible, non-immunogenic hydrophilic polyethylene glycol (PEG), which imparts water solubility to labeled molecules. Consequently, antibodies labeled with pegylated biotin reagents exhibit less aggregation when stored in solution compared to antibodies labeled with reagents having only hydrocarbon spacers.

We manufacture biotin reagents to ensure the highest possible overall product integrity, consistency and performance for the intended research applications.

Biotinylation reagents differ in reactivity, length, solubility, cell permeability and cleavability. Hydrazides and alkoxyamines are two types of carbonyl-reactive groups. Alkoxyamines (—O-NH2) react specifically with aldehyde groups in near-neutral conditions to form stable oxime linkages. The reaction is more efficient in the presence of aniline (Part No. 88944). Alternatively, alkoxyamines can be conjugated to carboxylic acids using EDC carbodiimide chemistry.

Reactive aldehyde groups can be generated in glycoproteins and other polysaccharide compounds by oxidation of constituent sugar diols using sodium periodiate (Part No. 20504). Sialic acid residues are common components of protein glycosylation and are easily converted to aldehydes with 1 mM NaIO4.

Fluoresceinyl Glycine Amide (5-(Aminoacetamido)Fluorescein) Invitrogen™

The primary aliphatic amine of 5-(aminoacetamido)fluorescein (fluoresceinyl glycine amide) can be reversibly coupled to aldehydes and ketones to form a Schiff base - which can be reduced to a stable amine derivative by sodium borohydride (NaBH4) or sodium cyanoborohydride (NaCNH3) to form new probes. Carboxylic acids of proteins and other water-soluble biopolymers can be coupled to this molecule in aqueous solution using water-soluble carbodiimides such as EDAC (E2247). The glycine may be the better amine probe for direct carbodiimide-mediated coupling, since it is likely to remain unprotonated at a lower pH than other aliphatic amines.

Texas Red™ Hydrazide, >90% single isomer Invitrogen™

The primary aliphatic amine of the red-fluorescent Texas Red® hydrazide can be reversibly coupled to aldehydes and ketones to form a Schiff base - which can be reduced to a stable amine derivative by sodium borohydride (NaBH4) or sodium cyanoborohydride (NaCNH3) to form new biotinylated probes. Carboxylic acids of proteins and other water-soluble biopolymers can be coupled to this molecule in aqueous solution using water-soluble carbodiimides such as EDAC (E2247).

DDB (1,2-Diamino-4,5-Dimethoxybenzene, Dihydrochloride) Invitrogen™

Dimethoxybenzene (DBB) is an aromatic diamine that can be reacted with ketones and carbonyls, including stress compounds such as glyoxal and methylglyoxal to form fluorescent adducts that can be separated and quantitated by reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC.)

Hydrazide-AMCA (hydrazide-activated aminomethylcoumarin acetate) Thermo Scientific™

AMCA (aminomethylcoumarin acetate) is a blue fluorescent dye with reactive derivatives that are used as contrasting probes for double- and triple-labeling in immunofluorescence microscopy, arrays and in situ hybridization. The desirable properties of AMCA dyes include a relatively large Stoke's shift and resistance to photobleaching. NHS-AMCA and Sulfo-NHS-AMCA are reactive towards primary amine groups on proteins, peptides and other biomolecules. AMCA-Hydrazide is used to label glycosylation sites or for conjugation to carboxyl groups using the crosslinker EDC. AMCA has an excitation maximum at 345nm and an emission maximum at 450nm.

Features of Hydrazide-AMCA:

AMCA —activated derivatives of blue-fluorescent aminomethylcoumarin acetate dye
Amine-specific labeling—NHS-ester and Sulfo-NHS-ester varieties of AMCA efficiently label antibodies and other purified proteins at primary amines (lysine side chains)
Glycoprotein labeling—hydrazide variety of AMCA labels oxidized sugar groups in glycoproteins or other carbohydrates

Related Products
NHS-AMCA (succinimydyl-7-amino-4-methylcoumarin-3-acetic acid)
Sulfo-NHS-AMCA (sulfosuccinimydyl-7-amino-4-methyl- coumarin-3-acetic acid)

Alexa Fluor™ 488 Cadaverine Invitrogen™

Alexa Fluor® 488 Cadaverine is useful as a polar tracer and as a reactive dye for labeling proteins via a carboxylic acid moiety. Alexa Fluor® 488 is a bright, green-fluorescent dye with excitation ideally suited to the 488 nm laser line. Used for stable signal generation in imaging and flow cytometry, Alexa Fluor® 488 dye is water soluble and pH-insensitive from pH 4 to pH 10. In addition to reactive dye formulations, we offer Alexa Fluor® 488 dye conjugated to a variety of antibodies, peptides, proteins, tracers, and amplification substrates optimized for cellular labeling and detection (learn more).

Detailed information about this AlexaFluor® cadaverine:

• Fluorophore label : Alexa Fluor® 488 dye
• Reactive group: cadaverine
• Reactivity: carboxylic acids, aldehydes, and ketones (and glutamine residues through an enzyme-catalyzed transamidation reaction)
• Ex/Em of the conjugate: 493/516 nm
• Extinction coefficient: 73,000 cm-1M-1
• Spectrally similar dyes: FITC, GFP
• Molecular weight: 640.61

Cell Tracking and Tracing Applications
Alexa Fluor® cadaverines make excellent fluorescent polar tracers because they are bright, small, and water soluble. Since they contain an aldehyde-fixable functional group, they can be fixed in cells by treatment with formaldehyde or glutaraldehyde. They are easily loaded into cells by microinjection, infusion from patch pipette, or uptake induced by our Influx™ Pinocytic Cell-Loading Reagent. Learn more about cell tracking and tracing.

Protein Labeling Applications
Alexa Fluor® cadaverines can be used as reactive molecules for adding a fluorescent label to carboxylic acids using a coupling agent such as a carbodiimide; they do not spontaneously react with carboxylic acids in solution. They do, however, react spontaneously with the common amine-reactive functional groups, including succinimidyl esters and isothiocyanates. The amine-containing Alexa Fluor® cadaverines can also be used to label glutamine residues in some proteins and peptides via an enzyme-catalyzed transamidation reaction.

Learn More About Protein and Antibody Labeling
We offer a wide selection of Molecular Probes® antibody and protein labeling kits to fit your starting material and your experimental setup. See our Antibody Labeling kits or use our Labeling Chemistry Selection Tool for other choices. To learn more about our labeling kits, read Kits for Labeling Proteins and Nucleic Acids—Section 1.2 in The Molecular Probes® Handbook.

We’ll Make a Custom Conjugate for You
If you can’t find what you’re looking for in our online catalog, we’ll prepare a custom antibody or protein conjugate for you. Our custom conjugation service is efficient and confidential, and we stand by the quality of our work. We are ISO 9001:2000 certified.

Related Products
DMSO (dimethylsulfoxide) (D12345)
Antibody Conjugate Purification Kit for 0.5-1 mg (A33086)
Antibody Conjugate Purification Kit for 20-50 µg (A33087)
Antibody Conjugate Purification kit for 50-100 µg (A33088)

Qdot™ 585 ITK™ Carboxyl Quantum Dots Invitrogen™

Qdot® 585 ITK™ carboxyl quantum dots are the ideal starting material for preparing custom conjugates that require high loading of biomolecules. These materials are carboxylate functionalized and can be coupled to amine groups of proteins and modified oligonucleotides using EDC-mediated condensation. The coatings of these probes provides more binding sites than our Qdot® ITK™ amino quantum dots, but lacks PEG linkers that help to prevent non-specific interactions. These materials can be conjugated to X-PEG-amine bi-functional linkers for custom reactivity and higher specificity. Our Qdot® ITK™ carboxyl quantum dots are provided as 8 µM solutions and are available in all 9 Qdot® probe colors.

Important Features of Qdot® ITK™ Carboxyl Quantum Dots:
• Qdot® 585 ITK™ carboxyl quantum dot has emission maxima of ~585 nm
• Extremely photostable and bright fluorescence
• Efficiently excited with single-line excitation sources
• Narrow emission, large Stokes shift
• Available in multiple colors
• Ideal labeling and tracking applications


Properties of Qdot® Nanocrystals
Qdot® probes are ideal for imaging and labeling applications that require bright fluorescent signals and/or real-time tracking. Unique among fluorescent reagents, all nine available colors of Qdot® probes can be simultaneously excited with a single (UV to blue-green) light source. This property makes these reagents excellent for economical and user-friendly multiplexing applications. Qdot® labels are based on semiconductor nanotechnology and are similar in scale to moderately sized proteins.

About the Innovator’s Tool Kit Qdot® ITK™ Reagents
These Qdot® ITK™ probes are ideal for researchers who wish to prepare specific (non-stocked) conjugates for their applications and need customizable conjugation functionality.

Other Forms of Qdot® Nanocrystals are Available
In addition to the carboxyl-derivatized form, we offer Qdot® ITK™ quantum dots with amino and aliphatic hydrocarbon modifications. We’ve also developed a wide range of Qdot® nanocrystals conjugates and labeling kits. Investigate the properties of Qdot® nanocrystals or read the Molecular Probes® Handbook Section 6.6—Qdot® Nanocrystals to find out more.

For Research Use Only. Not intended for any animal or human therapeutic or diagnostic use.
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