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AmpliTaq™ 360 DNA Polymerase Applied Biosystems™

The Applied Biosystems AmpliTaq360 DNA Polymerase, when used with the new enhanced AmpliTaq 360 Buffer and the optional 360 GC Enhancer, amplifies a vast range of DNA sequence contexts. Compared to the original AmpliTaq DNA polymerase, AmpliTaq 360 polymerase is purified by an additional proprietary separation process which reduces contaminating bacterial DNA sequences from the enzyme preparation. This ultra-pure enzyme reduces false positive results, amplifies low-level target sequences, and when combined with the proprietary AmpliTaq 360 Buffer Kit, promotes the amplification of a variety of templates including those from bacterial and human genomes.

• Optimized for the broadest range of targets—from everyday to challenging
• Unmatched sensitivity and yield
• Market-leading GC enhancer for robust amplification of GC-rich sequences
• Achieves the highest quality sequencing data

For superior PCR performance, we recommend DreamTaq DNA Polymerase.

AmpliTaq Gold™ 360 DNA Polymerase Applied Biosystems™

The Applied Biosystems® AmpliTaq Gold® 360 DNA Polymerase, when used with improved AmpliTaq Gold 360 Buffer, and the optional 360 GC Enhancer, amplifies a vast range of DNA sequence contexts. AmpliTaq Gold® 360 DNA Polymerase delivers 360° coverage for a full range of targets.
* Optimized for the broadest range of targets—from everyday to challenging
* Unmatched sensitivity, specificity, and yield
* Robust amplification of GC-rich sequences with market-leading 360 GC Enhancer
* Achieves the highest quality sequencing data

Optimized for Easy and Challenging Targets

Challenging targets include AT-rich, GC-rich, primer-dimer forming amplicons, homopolymer repeats, and amplicons that pose sequencing challenges. Amplicons that previously required specialized enzymes and reaction conditions can now be reproducibly amplified with a single reagent under standardized conditions (Figure 1). Competitive benchmarking across more than 40 amplicons distinguishes AmpliTaq Gold® 360 as the best-performing enzyme, ensuring the highest probability of success for the amplification of both everyday and challenging targets (Table 1).
As shown in Figure 1, GC-rich regions are especially poorly amplified with competitor DNA polymerases and the original AmpliTaq Gold, while AmpliTaq Gold 360 provides successful, robust amplification.

Optimized for Hot-Start PCR

AmpliTaq Gold 360 DNA Polymerase provides the same hot-start specificity as AmpliTaq Gold DNA polymerase. A high-temperature incubation step is required to activate AmpliTaq Gold DNA Polymerase, which ensures that the active enzyme is generated only at temperatures in which the DNA is fully denatured and when the primers are not annealed.
When the polymerase is added to the reaction mixture at room temperature, primer extension does not occur because the enzyme is inactivated. Any low stringency mispriming events that may have occurred will not be enzymatically extended and will not be amplified. Hence, PCR setup can be performed at room temperature without concern for extension at misprimed sites. The amount of AmpliTaq Gold 360 DNA polymerase increases in the reaction slowly with each cycle number, and specific product yield increases without buildup of nonspecific products, including primer dimers. Excellent specificity across a broad range of targets is shown in Figure 1 and is summarized in Figure 2. The exquisite specificity allows easier multiplexing and allelic discrimination.
The amount of AmpliTaq Gold 360 DNA polymerase increases in the reaction slowly with each cycle number, and specific product yield increases without buildup of nonspecific products, including primer dimers. Excellent specificity across a broad range of targets is shown in Figure 1 and is summarized in Figures 2A & B. The exquisite specificity allows easier multiplexing and allelic discrimination.

Superior Sensitivity and Amplification Length

Compared to the original AmpliTaq Gold® DNA Polymerase, AmpliTaq Gold® 360 DNA Polymerase is purified by an additional proprietary separation process to eliminate contaminating bacterial DNA sequences from the enzyme preparation. When used with the enhanced 360 Gold Buffer, this ultra-pure enzyme, in addition to its hot-start capabilities, reduces false positive results, amplifies low-level target sequences, and promotes the amplification of a variety of templates including those from bacterial and human genomes.
AmpliTaq Gold 360 DNA Polymerase efficiently amplifies targets present at low copy number (Figure 3), even in the presence of high concentrations of complex DNA, making it especially suited for low-copy pathogen detection, and amplification of targets from degraded DNA samples. The extreme purity of the enzyme contributes to its unmatched sensitivity. AmpliTaq Gold 360 DNA Polymerase efficiently and reproducibly amplifies long (up to 5 Kb) sequences. Figure 4 demonstrates robust PCR amplification of long human and plasmid DNA.
 

Note:

See user's manual or package insert for limited label license, and trademark information.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostics procedures.

AmpliTaq™ 360 Buffer, 25 mM MgCl2 and 360 GC Enhancer Applied Biosystems™

The Applied Biosystems® AmpliTaq® 360 Buffer Kit is used in conjection with the AmpliTaq 360 DNA polymerase for those few experiments when the reagents supplied with the enzyme are not sufficient for the researcher's needs. When used together with or without the optional 360 GC Enhancer, amplifies a vast range of DNA sequence contexts. AmpliTaq® 360 DNA Polymerase delivers 360° coverage for a full range of targets.

* Optimized for the broadest range of targets—from everyday to challenging
* Robust amplification of GC-rich sequences with market-leading 360 GC Enhancer
* Achieves the highest quality sequencing data

Optimized for Easy and Challenging Targets
Challenging targets include AT-rich, GC-rich, primer-dimer forming amplicons, homopolymer repeats, and amplicons that pose sequencing challenges. Amplicons that previously required specialized enzymes and reaction conditions can now be reproducibly amplified with a single reagent under standardized conditions (Figure 1). Competitive benchmarking across more than 40 amplicons distinguishes AmpliTaq Gold® 360 as the best-performing enzyme, ensuring the highest probability of success for the amplification of both everyday and challenging targets (Table 1).

As shown in Figure 1, GC-rich regions are especially poorly amplified with competitor DNA polymerases and the original AmpliTaq Gold, while AmpliTaq Gold 360 provides successful, robust amplification.

Note: See user's manual or package insert for limited label license, and trademark information. For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostics procedures.

M13 Sequencing Forward Primer, HPLC Applied Biosystems™

Use our tool to find and order pre-designed primers for PCR and Sanger sequencing. Free of SNPs and dimers, target-specific, and suitable for universal PCR conditions, these primers can be ordered unmodified, M13-tailed, HPLC-purified, or desalted. All primers are checked by mass spectrometry.

Axiom™ Cotton Genotyping Array Applied Biosystems™

Axiom Cotton Genotyping Array was designed through Affymetrix- Expert Design Program, and the markers on the array were selected from public databases in collaboration with the National Botanical Research Institute, India. The array includes 35,550 markers that were discovered in G. hirsutum and G. barbadense.

Axiom Cotton Genotyping Array can be used to analyze samples from different populations by adding up to 380,000 custom markers or by transferring polymorphic markers with 100%; fidelity on to the Axiom 384HT myDesign™ breeders array. The Axiom GT1 algorithm can automatically cluster, assign genotypes, and classify the markers into six different categories for easy visualization.

Features of Axiom Cotton Genotyping Array
Comprehensive content:
The Axiom Cotton genotyping array includes a total of 35,550 markers:
• 28,158 intra-specific markers identified using gene-enriched genomic sequences of G. hirsutum.
• 7,392 markers discovered using genome reduction methodology that is based on restriction site conservation (GR-RSC).
   - 5,286 markers were discovered in an inter-specific assembly of G. hirsutum and G. barbadense.
   - 2,106 markers are intra-specific to G. hirsutum.

Applications of Axiom Cotton Genotyping Array
Complex trait research and molecular breeding:
• GWAS and QTL mapping
• Identification of economically-important traits
• Improved accuracy marker-assisted selection programs through genomic selection

Required Products
GeneChip Command Console Software
GeneTitan Multi-Channel Instrument

QuantStudio™ 6 Pro Real-Time PCR System, 96-well, 0.1 mL, desktop Applied Biosystems™

The Applied Biosystems QuantStudio 6 Pro Real-Time PCR System adds innovative smart features to the real-time PCR (qPCR) workflow, all in a compact footprint. With facial authentication, voice commands, Smart Help, multiplex capability, motorized interchangeable blocks, simplified workflow, intuitive software, and large capacitive touch-screen interface, the QuantStudio 6 Pro system offers exceptional reproducibility with minimal well-to-well and instrument-to-instrument variation. Designed for ultimate ease-of-use, the system offers high quality, excellent reliability, and an optimal user experience for researchers who want to work smarter in the lab.

Features of the QuantStudio 6 Pro Real-Time PCR System include:
• Easy and convenient hands-free operation with facial authentication and voice commands
• Reduced errors and manual entries with smart qPCR workflow and TaqMan Array Plates with RFID
• Space savings with small footprint and true standalone operation; set-up, start, monitor, and analyze directly on the touchscreen
• Peace of mind with Smart Help; contact Technical Support directly from the touchscreen
• Reduced downtime with Smart Remote Support; show issues to Technical Support for speedy resolution
• Application versatility with easily changed blocks and three different block types
• Access, analyze, and share data anytime, anywhere with our Connect cloud-based platform for real-time information access, secure data storage, and online results sharing
• Remotely monitor experiments using the Instrument Connect monitoring app
• Design and Analysis software compatible with PC and Mac operating systems
• Compatible with over 8 million TaqMan Assays for gene expression, genetic variation, gene regulation, or protein expression experiments

Easy and convenient hands-free operation
The QuantStudio 6 Pro system was designed for a simple and powerful qPCR experience. Hands-free operation with facial authentication and voice commands enables users to quickly and easily access their personal profiles and settings without even removing their gloves.

Smart qPCR for ultimate ease of use
With embedded RFID readers, the QuantStudio 6 Pro system has the capability to run TaqMan Array Plates with RFID tags. These RFID tags simplify data tracking (with embedded lot number, expiration date, etc.) and reduce the need for manual data entry with preloaded assay layout, dye information, and thermal protocol. Automating this data transfer allows users to simply load the plate and start the run—no data entry needed.

Learn more about the TaqMan Array Plates with RFID ›

Peace of mind with Smart service
Minimize downtime with premium service offerings for the QuantStudio 6 Pro system. Smart Help allows users to contact Technical Support directly from the touchscreen, without the need to download files or spend time on the phone. Experienced technicians will analyze the request and respond according to the user’s preference (phone or email) and resolve the issue as quickly as possible.

Smart Remote Support is an immersive collaboration tool that allows customers to quickly and efficiently show issues to Technical Support for resolution, helping reduce instrument downtime compared to on-site repair and helping minimize the need for on-site visits.

Connect
The Connect platform provides scientists with a secure place to store, analyze, and share data. Applied Biosystems qPCR Analysis Modules within the platform are web browser-based software tools that are flexible, fast, and easy to use. These software tools support a variety of analyses including relative quantitation, standard curve, high resolution melt (HRM), genotyping, and presence/absence. They are compatible with Mac or PC as well as most Applied Biosystems instrument file types.

Format flexibility
The QuantStudio 6 Pro system accommodates the interchange of 96-well (0.2 mL), 96-well (0.1 mL), and 384-well blocks. The system is delivered with one block type; other block types may be purchased separately. For a system that also supports TaqMan array cards (TAC), as well as automation, please see our QuantStudio 7 Pro Real-Time PCR System. The QuantStudio 6 Pro system can also be upgraded to a QuantStudio 7 Pro system at a later date, as your needs change. And for the ultimate in flexibility, consider the QuantStudio 12K Flex Real-Time PCR System, which also accommodates TaqMan OpenArray plates.

Upgrade capabilities when you need them
The QuantStudio 6 Pro system can be seamlessly upgraded to a QuantStudio 7 Pro system by a field service engineer to give you additional automation, throughput, and multiplexing capabilities.

High application versatility
Simple workflows, reliable assays and reagents, multiple formats, and intuitive software are available for a broad range of applications, including gene expression, genetic variation, and gene regulation.

Results you can trust
Improved well-to-well and instrument-to-instrument data accuracy is achieved with the OptiFlex system, which features five coupled excitation and emission filter channels.

Sensitive data analysis
Detect changes in target quantity as small as 1.5-fold in single-plex reactions and obtain 10 logs of linear dynamic range.

AmpliTaq Gold™ 360 Buffer Kit Applied Biosystems™

The AmpliTaq Gold® 360 Buffer Kit is used in conjunction with AmpliTaq Gold® 360 DNA Polymerase and is intended for those occasions when the quantity of reagents supplied with the enzyme are not sufficient. The kit includes 1.5 mL (each) of 10X AmpliTaq Gold 360 Buffer, 25 mM MgCl2, and 3360 GC Enhancer. Typically, 1.5 mL is sufficient for use with 250 U of enzyme.

M13 Sequencing Reverse Primer, HPLC Applied Biosystems™

Use our tool to find and order pre-designed primers for PCR and Sanger sequencing. Free of SNPs and dimers, target-specific, and suitable for universal PCR conditions, these primers can be ordered unmodified, M13-tailed, HPLC-purified, or desalted. All primers are checked by mass spectrometry.

TaqMan™ Fast Cells-to-CT™ Kit Invitrogen™

The TaqMan® Fast Cells-to-CT™ Kit makes it possible to use Fast-cycling, real-time PCR chemistry and instrumentation to perform gene expression analysis directly from cultured cells without RNA purification.

The TaqMan® Fast Cells-to-CT Kit is:

• Complete—optimized workflow includes cell lysis reagents with gDNA removal, RT enzyme mix, RT buffer, and TaqMan® Fast Universal PCR Master Mix
• Fast—prepare samples at room temperature in 7 minutes, including DNase treatment; TaqMan® Fast Universal PCR Master Mix delivers real-time PCR results in ~35 minutes
• Convenient—lyse samples in a tube or directly in 96- or 384-well culture plates
• Robust—perform gene expression analysis on 10 to 100,000 cells per sample, with results equivalent to those from purified RNA
• Efficient—contains sufficient reagents to generate 500 real-time PCR results from 100 starting samples

Complete, validated solution
TaqMan® Cells-to-CT™ technology features a unique method for lysing cultured cells while removing genomic DNA (gDNA) and preserving RNA integrity. Additionally, the kit contains reverse transcription (RT) reagents and TaqMan® Fast Universal PCR Master Mix for Fast real-time PCR analysis, and has been extensively tested and validated with gold-standard TaqMan® Gene Expression assays, sold separately. All kit components have been optimized to work together for consistent and reliable performance, removing the guesswork involved in assembling separate kits for sample preparation, reverse transcription, and Fast real-time PCR.

Fast, convenient workflow
The TaqMan® Fast Cells-to-CT™ Kit incorporates a simple 7-minute sample preparation procedure (see figure) for use with 10 to 100,000 cultured cells directly in 96- or 384-well culture plates or in tubes. Cells are washed in PBS and lysed for 5 minutes at room temperature; an optional DNase treatment can be performed concurrently. Lysis is terminated at room temperature by a 2-minute incubation with Stop Solution. The kit greatly simplifies a traditionally time-consuming, labor intensive process and reduces it to 7 minutes.

The lysates are now ready for reverse transcription with the optimized RT system included in the kit, or they can be stored at -20°C for up to 5 months, for future analysis. The supplied TaqMan® Fast Universal PCR Master Mix delivers sensitive and reproducible results approximately 3 times faster than standard PCR reagents and instruments. The combination of fast and simple sample preparation, and Fast-cycling real-time PCR results (~35 minutes) enables more rapid quantitation of gene targets than previously available. The TaqMan® Fast Cells-to-CT™ Kit workflow reduces the time from sample to result by 40% or more, compared to traditional RNA purification and standard real-time PCR.

Robust, sensitive, and reliable results
Accurate gene expression analysis over a wide range of sample input for genes with various expression levels has traditionally been a challenge for researchers. Therefore, a robust solution is important for profiling RNA from a few or many cells. Shown is the demonstration of the excellent signal linearity (R2 = 0.997) observed using lysates from TaqMan® Fast Cells-to-CT™ Kit across 5 logs of cellular input (10–105 cells per lysis reaction) (see figure). Thus, a single kit can be used for analysis of gene expression from limited or dense samples, with no compromise in data integrity caused by PCR inhibitors.

PCR performance of cell lysates using the TaqMan® Fast Cells-to-CT™ Kit was equivalent to that from purified RNA, using the supplied TaqMan® Fast Universal PCR Master Mix (see figure). Both TaqMan® Cells-to-CT™ Kit lysates and purified RNA showed linear detection over a 5 log range of cell input equivalents. The enhanced sensitivity at the 10-cell input with TaqMan® Fast Cells-to-CT™ Kit lysates compared to purified RNA, using the same RT and PCR reagents, results from more efficient retention of target molecules during preparation, i.e., no loss of RNA typically associated with sample transfer or heating.

The TaqMan® Fast Cells-to-CT™ Kit also demonstrated superior performance compared to purified RNA which was reverse transcribed and PCR amplified with Competitor Q’s RT and Fast Master Mix. The observed dynamic range using Competitor Q’s reagents with Fast cycling was 102 to 105 cell equivalents, or 1 log less than TaqMan® Cells-to-CT™ Kit lysates or purified RNA amplified with TaqMan® Fast Universal PCR Master Mix (see figure). The TaqMan® Fast Universal PCR Master Mix is formulated to deliver sensitive and reproducible results faster than is possible with standard reagents and instruments, and is robust across a wide range of target genes and concentrations.

Axiom™ Trout Genotyping Array (384HT format) Applied Biosystems™

Axiom Trout Genotyping Array (384HT format) was designed under the Affymetrix Expert Design Program in collaboration with the National Center for Cool and Cold Water Aquaculture, USDA-ARS, USA, and AquaGen, Trondheim, Norway. The array includes 57,501 markers and is available in both 96 format and 384 format.

Axiom Trout Genotyping Array offers a standard high-throughput, cost-effective, and robust genotyping technology to conduct genome-wide association studies (GWAS), to study genetic architecture, perform marker-trait association, and to increase accuracy of breeding programs. The high marker density on the array ensures a broad coverage of the trout genome to provide representation of all regions in the genome.

Features of Axiom Trout Genotyping Array
Comprehensive content: The array includes 57,501 markers spaced across the genome as follows:
    - 17,000 markers that are unique to SNPs discovered in a previous USDA study1
    - 20,000 markers unique to an outbred Norwegian commercial population
    - Amino acid shifting SNPs
    - SNPs preferentially located within a gene and with minor allele frequency (MAF) >0.2
    - Y chromosome-specific SNPs near the sdY gene (male-specific in rainbow trout)2

Applications of Axiom Trout Genotyping Array
Complex trait research and molecular breeding
    - GWAS and quantitative trait locus (QTL) mapping
    - Identification of economically important traits
    - Improved accuracy in aquaculture breeding programs through genomic selection

Population and evolutionary genetics
    - Development of new breeding populations
    - Differentiation between fish of different origins
    - Gender determination via sdY chromosome-specific probes
    - Differentiation of farmed and wild populations

Required Products
Axiom Analysis Suite
GeneChip Command Console Software
GeneTitan Multi-Channel Instrument

Taq DNA Polymerase, native, without BSA (5 U/µL) Thermo Scientific™

Thermo Scientific Native Taq DNA Polymerase is a highly thermostable DNA polymerase of the thermophilic bacterium Thermus aquaticus. The enzyme catalyzes 5'→3' synthesis of DNA, has no detectable 3'→5' exonuclease (proofreading) activity and possesses low 5'→3' exonuclease activity. In addition, the polymerase exhibits deoxynucleotidyl transferase activity, which frequently results in the addition of extra adenines at the 3'-end of PCR products. Native Taq DNA Polymerase is preferred for amplification of bacterial DNA sequences homologous to those found in E. coli.

Highlights

Thermostable—half life is more than 40 min at 95°C.
Generates PCR products with 3'-dA overhangs.
Supplied with two buffers—10X Taq Buffer with KCl and 10X Taq Buffer with (NH4)2SO4. The latter allows for PCR at wide range of magnesium concentrations and decreases unspecific priming.
Incorporates modified nucleotides (e.g., biotin-, digoxigenin-, fluorescently-labeled nucleotides).

Applications

• Routine PCR amplification of DNA fragments up to 5 kb
• DNA labeling (see Reference s 1-3)
• High throughput PCR

QuantStudio™ 6 Pro Real-Time PCR System, 384-well, desktop Applied Biosystems™

The Applied Biosystems QuantStudio 6 Pro Real-Time PCR System adds innovative smart features to the real-time PCR (qPCR) workflow, all in a compact footprint. With facial authentication, voice commands, Smart Help, multiplex capability, motorized interchangeable blocks, simplified workflow, intuitive software, and large capacitive touch-screen interface, the QuantStudio 6 Pro system offers exceptional reproducibility with minimal well-to-well and instrument-to-instrument variation. Designed for ultimate ease-of-use, the system offers high quality, excellent reliability, and an optimal user experience for researchers who want to work smarter in the lab.

Features of the QuantStudio 6 Pro Real-Time PCR System include:
• Easy and convenient hands-free operation with facial authentication and voice commands
• Reduced errors and manual entries with smart qPCR workflow and TaqMan Array Plates with RFID
• Space savings with small footprint and true standalone operation; set-up, start, monitor, and analyze directly on the touchscreen
• Peace of mind with Smart Help; contact Technical Support directly from the touchscreen
• Reduced downtime with Smart Remote Support; show issues to Technical Support for speedy resolution
• Application versatility with easily changed blocks and three different block types
• Access, analyze, and share data anytime, anywhere with our Connect cloud-based platform for real-time information access, secure data storage, and online results sharing
• Remotely monitor experiments using the Instrument Connect monitoring app
• Design and Analysis software compatible with PC and Mac operating systems
• Compatible with over 8 million TaqMan Assays for gene expression, genetic variation, gene regulation, or protein expression experiments

Easy and convenient hands-free operation
The QuantStudio 6 Pro system was designed for a simple and powerful qPCR experience. Hands-free operation with facial authentication and voice commands enables users to quickly and easily access their personal profiles and settings without even removing their gloves.

Smart qPCR for ultimate ease of use
With embedded RFID readers, the QuantStudio 6 Pro system has the capability to run TaqMan Array Plates with RFID tags. These RFID tags simplify data tracking (with embedded lot number, expiration date, etc.) and reduce the need for manual data entry with preloaded assay layout, dye information, and thermal protocol. Automating this data transfer allows users to simply load the plate and start the run—no data entry needed.

Learn more about the TaqMan Array Plates with RFID ›

Peace of mind with Smart service
Minimize downtime with premium service offerings for the QuantStudio 6 Pro system. Smart Help allows users to contact Technical Support directly from the touchscreen, without the need to download files or spend time on the phone. Experienced technicians will analyze the request and respond according to the user’s preference (phone or email) and resolve the issue as quickly as possible.

Smart Remote Support is an immersive collaboration tool that allows customers to quickly and efficiently show issues to Technical Support for resolution, helping reduce instrument downtime compared to on-site repair and helping minimize the need for on-site visits.

Connect
The Connect platform provides scientists with a secure place to store, analyze, and share data. Applied Biosystems qPCR Analysis Modules within the platform are web browser-based software tools that are flexible, fast, and easy to use. These software tools support a variety of analyses including relative quantitation, standard curve, high resolution melt (HRM), genotyping, and presence/absence. They are compatible with Mac or PC as well as most Applied Biosystems instrument file types.

Format flexibility
The QuantStudio 6 Pro system accommodates the interchange of 96-well (0.2 mL), 96-well (0.1 mL), and 384-well blocks. The system is delivered with one block type; other block types may be purchased separately. For a system that also supports TaqMan array cards (TAC), as well as automation, please see our QuantStudio 7 Pro Real-Time PCR System. The QuantStudio 6 Pro system can also be upgraded to a QuantStudio 7 Pro system at a later date, as your needs change. And for the ultimate in flexibility, consider the QuantStudio 12K Flex Real-Time PCR System, which also accommodates TaqMan OpenArray plates.

Upgrade capabilities when you need them
The QuantStudio 6 Pro system can be seamlessly upgraded to a QuantStudio 7 Pro system by a field service engineer to give you additional automation, throughput, and multiplexing capabilities.

High application versatility
Simple workflows, reliable assays and reagents, multiple formats, and intuitive software are available for a broad range of applications, including gene expression, genetic variation, and gene regulation.

Results you can trust
Improved well-to-well and instrument-to-instrument data accuracy is achieved with the OptiFlex system, which features five coupled excitation and emission filter channels.

Sensitive data analysis
Detect changes in target quantity as small as 1.5-fold in single-plex reactions and obtain 10 logs of linear dynamic range.

TaqMan™ Array Human Phagocytosis of Microbes Applied Biosystems™

The Applied Biosystems® TaqMan® Array Human Phagocytosis of Microbes 96-well Plate contains 92 assays to Phagocytosis of Microbes associated genes and 4 assays to candidate endogenous control genes. Gene Signature Plates are 96-well plates that are pre-configured with the most appropriate TaqMan® Gene Expression Assays for a specific biological process, pathway, or disease state. Each plate contains predefined assays and endogenous controls dried-down in the wells, ready for accurate assessment of an entire gene signature in one simple experiment.

• Affordable; minimum order of three plates; ideal for small, medium or large-sized projects
• Fast delivery; on your bench in days
• Convenient; dried PCR primer and TaqMan® probe sets supplied in a 96- well plate; just add master mix and your sample
• Same TaqMan®Assay Quality, New Format

TaqMan® Array Plates contain the same high quality TaqMan® Gene Expression Assays (PCR primers and TaqMan® probe sets) that have been commercially available for years in a convenient, dried, 96-well format. Extensive tests have found no difference in performance between TaqMan®Assays supplied in the traditional liquid format and assays dried into a TaqMan® Array Plate. Figure 1 shows the results of an experiment comparing the linear range of the two formats, where no difference in performance was observed.

Just Add Master Mix and Sample, and Begin Cycling
Ideal for projects such as validation of microarray and RNAi data, and pathway studies, the plates include just the right amount of TaqMan®Assay in each well: enough for one 20 µl reaction. You can order as few as three Gene Signature Plates, making these an affordable option for many laboratories and minimizing the waste of unused individually purchased TaqMan®Assays. Save a significant amount of time setting up your experiments. Just add master mix and sample, and begin cycling.

Figure 2 is an example Plate Layout with Gene Symbols and Assay IDs

Plate Map Ensures Proper Data Labeling and Easy Re-Ordering
Each pack of TaqMan® Array Plates is shipped with a CD containing the plate configuration map (see Figure 2) along with the details of each TaqMan®Assay. This information is imported into the real-time PCR instrument to enable proper labeling of experimental data and easy access to Assay ID numbers for simple reordering.

Simple to Use
Each TaqMan® Array Plate well contains a single TaqMan®Assay for one 20 µl reaction. The plates can be stored at room temperature or at 4°C. When you are ready to run your assays, simply add PCR master mix and your cDNA sample, seal the plate, and begin cycling on a real-time PCR instrument.

Compatibility
TaqMan® Array Plates have been optimized for use with TaqMan® Gene Expression Master Mix, but are also compatible with TaqMan® Universal PCR Master Mix. For studies using cultured cells, TaqMan® Array Plates are also compatible (and recommended) with the TaqMan® Gene Expression Cells-to-Ct™ Kit. TaqMan® Array Plates must be run on a real-time PCR instrument with 96-well plate capability. The plates have been validated for use on Applied Biosystems® 7000, 7300, 7500 and 7900HT Fast Real-Time PCR Systems using standard 96-well blocks, standard PCR cycling conditions, and 20 µl reaction volumes.

Poly(A) Tailing Kit Invitrogen™

For the polyadenylation of in vitro transcribed RNA to enhance translation initiation efficiency. Sufficient reagents are included for 25 reactions.

• Adds a poly(A) tail of at least 150 nucleotides in length to the 3' termini of RNA
• Enhances translational efficiency in vivo
• Reaction can be adjusted to control for tail length
• Optimized for use with RNA transcripts synthesized using the mMESSAGE mMACHINE™ Kit

The Poly(A) Tailing Kit uses E. coli Poly(A) Polymerase I (E-PAP) to polyadenylate the 3'-termini of in vitro transcribed RNA. Polyadenylation plays an important role in the stabilization of RNA in eukaryotes and enhances the efficiency of translation initiation. In the Poly(A) Tailing Kit, the E-PAP reaction has been optimized so that mRNAs are efficiently tailed with at least 150 adenines. The additional adenine residues confer stability to the mRNA and may increase translational efficiency of in vitro synthesized capped RNA in microinjection and transfection experiments (see Figure).

Accessory Products:
The Poly(A) Tailing Kit is optimized for use with Ambion's mMESSAGE mMACHINE™ High Yield Capped RNA Transcription Kit. mMESSAGE mMACHINE™ Kits are available with T7 (SKU #AM1334), T3 (SKU #AM1338), or SP6 (SKU #AM1330) polymerases.

AmpliTaq Gold™ 360 Master Mix Applied Biosystems™

AmpliTaq Gold® 360 PCR Master Mix contains everything required for successful PCR amplification in one convenient package—all components are premixed and premeasured. AmpliTaq Gold® 360 Master Mix was designed for 360° coverage of a full range of targets. The master mix is supplied at 2X the recommended usage concentration for easy dilution when adding template and primers. Designed for convenience, the AmpliTaq Gold® 360 PCR Master Mix scales to various reaction volumes for greater application and format flexibility. The main ingredient of the master mix is AmpliTaq Gold® 360 DNA Polymerase but it also contains the world-class 360 GC Enhancer which can be added optionally for high GC–content templates. With the wide template coverage, optimization of PCR reaction conditions, is virtually eliminated with the use of AmpliTaq Gold® 360 Master Mix. Key features:

• Optimized for the broadest range of targets—from everyday to challenging
• Unmatched sensitivity, specificity, and yield
• Robust amplification of GC-rich sequences with market-leading 360 GC Enhancer
• Achieves the highest-quality sequencing data
• Easy-to-use, premixed master mix

Optimized for easy and challenging targets
Challenging targets include AT-rich, GC-rich, primer-dimer–forming amplicons, homopolymer repeats, and amplicons that pose sequencing challenges. Amplicons that previously required specialized enzymes and reaction conditions can now be reproducibly amplified with a single reagent under standardized conditions (see figure). Competitive benchmarking across more than 40 amplicons distinguishes AmpliTaq Gold® 360 as the best-performing enzyme, ensuring the highest probability of success for the amplification of both everyday and challenging targets (see table).

Optimized for automated, hot-start PCR
AmpliTaq Gold® 360 DNA Polymerase is the key ingredient in an automated, convenient, and efficient hot-start PCR. When AmpliTaq Gold® 360 PCR Master Mix is added to the reaction mixture at room temperature, the inactive enzyme is not capable of primer extension. Any low-stringency mispriming events that may have occurred will not be enzymatically extended and subsequently amplified. An initial thermal incubation step is required for activation and ensures that active enzyme is generated only at temperatures where the DNA is fully denatured. The amount of AmpliTaq Gold® 360 DNA polymerase increases in the reaction slowly with each cycle number, and specific product yield increases without buildup of nonspecific products, including primer dimers. Excellent specificity across a broad range of targets (see figure). The extreme specificity allows easier multiplexing and allelic discrimination.

Amplify low-copy amplicons and long targets
AmpliTaq Gold® 360 DNA Polymerase efficiently amplifies targets present at low copy number (see figure), even in the presence of high concentrations of complex DNA, making it especially suited for low-copy pathogen detection, and amplification of targets from degraded DNA samples. The extreme purity of the enzyme contributes to its unmatched sensitivity. AmpliTaq Gold® 360 DNA Polymerase efficiently and reproducibly amplifies long (up to 5 kb) sequences. The figure shown demonstrates robust PCR amplification of long human and plasmid DNA.
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