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VEGF-R1 (FLT-1) Human ProcartaPlex™ Simplex Kit Invitrogen™

The Human VEGF-R1 (FLT-1) Simplex ProcartaPlex Kit measures VEGF-R1 (FLT-1) protein and is designed to be combinable with other Simplex kits so that you can create your own multiplex panel that utilizes Luminex xMAP technology for protein detection/quantitation. When combining multiple Simplex kits (i.e., when you are not using a pre-configured Multiplex Panel), only one buffer kit (sold separately) is needed for each assay plate regardless of plex size.

About ProcartaPlex Assays for the Luminex Platform

ProcartaPlex immunoassays are based on the principles of a sandwich ELISA, using two highly specific antibodies binding to different epitopes of one protein to quantitate all protein targets simultaneously using a Luminex instrument. ProcartaPlex multiplex assays require as little as 25 µL of plasma or serum, or 50 µL of cell culture supernatant, and just four hours to obtain analyzed results.

More results per sample—measure multiple protein targets simultaneously in a single 25–50 µL sample

Well-established Luminex technology—highly referenced multiplexing platform for protein detection and quantitation

ProcartaPlex assays utilize Luminex xMAP (multianalyte profiling) technology for the simultaneous detection and quantitation of up to 65 protein targets in a single 25–50 µL sample from plasma, serum, cell culture supernatants, and other bodily fluids.

The Luminex beads in the ProcartaPlex assay are internally dyed with precise proportions of red and infrared fluorophores to create spectrally unique signatures that can be identified by the Luminex xMAP detection systems (e.g. Luminex 200, FLEXMAP 3D, and MAGPIX). Similar to a sandwich ELISA, the ProcartaPlex assay uses matched antibody pairs to identify the protein of interest. In a multiplexed assay, each spectrally unique bead is labeled with antibodies specific for a single target protein, and bound proteins are identified with biotinylated antibodies and streptavidin–R-phycoerythrin (RPE). The conjugation of protein-specific antibodies to a distinct bead allows for analysis of multiple targets in a single well.

The most significant difference between a ProcartaPlex assay and ELISA is that the capture antibody in the ProcartaPlex assay is conjugated to a bead and not adsorbed to the microplate well, so the ProcartaPlex assay reagents are free-floating in the solution. For detection, the Luminex 200 instrument, for example, contains two lasers, one to distinguish the spectral signature of each bead and the second to quantify the amount of RPE fluorescence, which is proportional to the amount of protein present in the sample. ProcartaPlex multiplex assays can profile more target proteins using significantly less sample in the same time that it takes to perform a traditional sandwich ELISA.

ProcartaPlex multiplex panels are available in multiple formats across six species (human, mouse, rat, nonhuman primate, porcine, and canine). Visit thermofisher.com/procartaplex for more information, including a comprehensive list of individual protein targets.

Tango™ TACR1-bla U2OS Cells Thermo Scientific™

The Tango™ TACR1-bla U2OS cells contain the human Tachykinin 1 (TACR1) linked to a TEV protease site and a Gal4-VP16 transcription factor stably integrated into the Tango™ GPCR-bla U2OS parental cell line. This parental cell line stably expresses a beta-arrestin/TEV protease fusion protein and the beta-lactamase (bla) reporter gene under the control of a UAS response element.

The Tango™ TACR1-bla U2OS cells are functionally validated for Z' and EC50 concentrations of (SAR9,MET(02)11)-Substance P. In addition, Tango™ TACR1-bla U2OS cells have been tested for assay performance under variable conditions. These data are found in the Validation & Assay Performance Summary.

For Academic pricing please login or contact us at discoverysciences@invitrogen.com.

CD152 (CTLA4) Human ProcartaPlex™ Simplex Kit Invitrogen™

The Human CD152 (CTLA4) Simplex ProcartaPlex Kit measures CD152 (CTLA4) protein and is designed to be combinable with other Simplex kits so that you can create your own multiplex panel that utilizes Luminex xMAP technology for protein detection/quantitation. When combining multiple Simplex kits (i.e., when you are not using a pre-configured Multiplex Panel), only one buffer kit (sold separately) is needed for each assay plate regardless of plex size.

About ProcartaPlex Assays for the Luminex Platform

ProcartaPlex immunoassays are based on the principles of a sandwich ELISA, using two highly specific antibodies binding to different epitopes of one protein to quantitate all protein targets simultaneously using a Luminex instrument. ProcartaPlex multiplex assays require as little as 25 µL of plasma or serum, or 50 µL of cell culture supernatant, and just four hours to obtain analyzed results.

More results per sample—measure multiple protein targets simultaneously in a single 25–50 µL sample

Well-established Luminex technology—highly referenced multiplexing platform for protein detection and quantitation

ProcartaPlex assays utilize Luminex xMAP (multianalyte profiling) technology for the simultaneous detection and quantitation of up to 65 protein targets in a single 25–50 µL sample from plasma, serum, cell culture supernatants, and other bodily fluids.

The Luminex beads in the ProcartaPlex assay are internally dyed with precise proportions of red and infrared fluorophores to create spectrally unique signatures that can be identified by the Luminex xMAP detection systems (e.g. Luminex 200, FLEXMAP 3D, and MAGPIX). Similar to a sandwich ELISA, the ProcartaPlex assay uses matched antibody pairs to identify the protein of interest. In a multiplexed assay, each spectrally unique bead is labeled with antibodies specific for a single target protein, and bound proteins are identified with biotinylated antibodies and streptavidin–R-phycoerythrin (RPE). The conjugation of protein-specific antibodies to a distinct bead allows for analysis of multiple targets in a single well.

The most significant difference between a ProcartaPlex assay and ELISA is that the capture antibody in the ProcartaPlex assay is conjugated to a bead and not adsorbed to the microplate well, so the ProcartaPlex assay reagents are free-floating in the solution. For detection, the Luminex 200 instrument, for example, contains two lasers, one to distinguish the spectral signature of each bead and the second to quantify the amount of RPE fluorescence, which is proportional to the amount of protein present in the sample. ProcartaPlex multiplex assays can profile more target proteins using significantly less sample in the same time that it takes to perform a traditional sandwich ELISA.

ProcartaPlex multiplex panels are available in multiple formats across six species (human, mouse, rat, nonhuman primate, porcine, and canine). Visit thermofisher.com/procartaplex for more information, including a comprehensive list of individual protein targets.

ULBP-1 Human ProcartaPlex™ Simplex Kit Invitrogen™

The Human ULBP-1 Simplex ProcartaPlex Kit measures ULBP-1 protein and is designed to be combinable with other Simplex kits so that you can create your own multiplex panel that utilizes Luminex xMAP technology for protein detection/quantitation. When combining multiple Simplex kits (i.e., when you are not using a pre-configured Multiplex Panel), only one buffer kit (sold separately) is needed for each assay plate regardless of plex size.

About ProcartaPlex Assays for the Luminex Platform

ProcartaPlex immunoassays are based on the principles of a sandwich ELISA, using two highly specific antibodies binding to different epitopes of one protein to quantitate all protein targets simultaneously using a Luminex instrument. ProcartaPlex multiplex assays require as little as 25 µL of plasma or serum, or 50 µL of cell culture supernatant, and just four hours to obtain analyzed results.

More results per sample—measure multiple protein targets simultaneously in a single 25–50 µL sample

Well-established Luminex technology—highly referenced multiplexing platform for protein detection and quantitation

ProcartaPlex assays utilize Luminex xMAP (multianalyte profiling) technology for the simultaneous detection and quantitation of up to 65 protein targets in a single 25–50 µL sample from plasma, serum, cell culture supernatants, and other bodily fluids.

The Luminex beads in the ProcartaPlex assay are internally dyed with precise proportions of red and infrared fluorophores to create spectrally unique signatures that can be identified by the Luminex xMAP detection systems (e.g. Luminex 200, FLEXMAP 3D, and MAGPIX). Similar to a sandwich ELISA, the ProcartaPlex assay uses matched antibody pairs to identify the protein of interest. In a multiplexed assay, each spectrally unique bead is labeled with antibodies specific for a single target protein, and bound proteins are identified with biotinylated antibodies and streptavidin–R-phycoerythrin (RPE). The conjugation of protein-specific antibodies to a distinct bead allows for analysis of multiple targets in a single well.

The most significant difference between a ProcartaPlex assay and ELISA is that the capture antibody in the ProcartaPlex assay is conjugated to a bead and not adsorbed to the microplate well, so the ProcartaPlex assay reagents are free-floating in the solution. For detection, the Luminex 200 instrument, for example, contains two lasers, one to distinguish the spectral signature of each bead and the second to quantify the amount of RPE fluorescence, which is proportional to the amount of protein present in the sample. ProcartaPlex multiplex assays can profile more target proteins using significantly less sample in the same time that it takes to perform a traditional sandwich ELISA.

ProcartaPlex multiplex panels are available in multiple formats across six species (human, mouse, rat, nonhuman primate, porcine, and canine).

Tango™ NPY1R-bla U2OS Cells Thermo Scientific™

The Tango™ NPY1R-bla U2OS cells contain the human Neuropeptide Y Receptor Y1 (NPY1R) linked to a TEV protease site and a Gal4-VP16 transcription factor stably integrated into the Tango™ GPCR-bla U2OS parental cell line. This parental cell line stably expresses a beta-arrestin/TEV protease fusion protein and the beta-lactamase (bla) reporter gene under the control of a UAS response element.

The Tango™ NPY1R-bla U2OS cells are functionally validated for Z' and EC50 concentrations of Neuropeptide-Y. In addition, Tango™ NPY1R-bla U2OS cells have been tested for assay performance under variable conditions. These data are found in the Validation & Assay Performance Summary.

For Academic pricing please login or contact us at discoverysciences@invitrogen.com.

5000 Series 1.0μm to 3.2μm Polymer Particle Suspensions Thermo Scientific™

Meet the need for particulate materials with a variety of particle sizes and properties with Thermo Scientific™ 5000 Series Polymer Particle Suspensions, of special interest for research in light scattering, microporous filter checking and aerosol particle generation.

VEGF-A Human ProcartaPlex™ Simplex Kit Invitrogen™

The Human VEGF-A Simplex ProcartaPlex Kit measures VEGF-A protein and is designed to be combinable with other Simplex kits so that you can create your own multiplex panel that utilizes Luminex xMAP technology for protein detection/quantitation. When combining multiple Simplex kits (i.e., when you are not using a pre-configured Multiplex Panel), only one buffer kit (sold separately) is needed for each assay plate regardless of plex size.

About ProcartaPlex Assays for the Luminex Platform

ProcartaPlex immunoassays are based on the principles of a sandwich ELISA, using two highly specific antibodies binding to different epitopes of one protein to quantitate all protein targets simultaneously using a Luminex instrument. ProcartaPlex multiplex assays require as little as 25 µL of plasma or serum, or 50 µL of cell culture supernatant, and just four hours to obtain analyzed results.

More results per sample—measure multiple protein targets simultaneously in a single 25–50 µL sample

Well-established Luminex technology—highly referenced multiplexing platform for protein detection and quantitation

ProcartaPlex assays utilize Luminex xMAP (multianalyte profiling) technology for the simultaneous detection and quantitation of up to 65 protein targets in a single 25–50 µL sample from plasma, serum, cell culture supernatants, and other bodily fluids.

The Luminex beads in the ProcartaPlex assay are internally dyed with precise proportions of red and infrared fluorophores to create spectrally unique signatures that can be identified by the Luminex xMAP detection systems (e.g. Luminex 200, FLEXMAP 3D, and MAGPIX). Similar to a sandwich ELISA, the ProcartaPlex assay uses matched antibody pairs to identify the protein of interest. In a multiplexed assay, each spectrally unique bead is labeled with antibodies specific for a single target protein, and bound proteins are identified with biotinylated antibodies and streptavidin–R-phycoerythrin (RPE). The conjugation of protein-specific antibodies to a distinct bead allows for analysis of multiple targets in a single well.

The most significant difference between a ProcartaPlex assay and ELISA is that the capture antibody in the ProcartaPlex assay is conjugated to a bead and not adsorbed to the microplate well, so the ProcartaPlex assay reagents are free-floating in the solution. For detection, the Luminex 200 instrument, for example, contains two lasers, one to distinguish the spectral signature of each bead and the second to quantify the amount of RPE fluorescence, which is proportional to the amount of protein present in the sample. ProcartaPlex multiplex assays can profile more target proteins using significantly less sample in the same time that it takes to perform a traditional sandwich ELISA.

ProcartaPlex multiplex panels are available in multiple formats across six species (human, mouse, rat, nonhuman primate, porcine, and canine). Visit thermofisher.com/procartaplex for more information, including a comprehensive list of individual protein targets.

CellEvent™ Caspase-3/7 Green Flow Cytometry Assay Kit Invitrogen™

The CellEvent™ Caspase-3/7 Green Flow Cytometry Assay Kit enables the flow cytometric detection of activated caspase-3 and caspase-7 in apoptotic cells. The kit includes the novel fluorogenic substrate CellEvent™ Caspase-3/7 Green Detection Reagent, as well as SYTOX™ AADvanced™ Dead Cell Stain.

• Caspase-3/7 specific—includes the recognition sequence for activated caspase-3 and caspase-7
• Easy identification—clearly identify live, dead, and apoptotic cell populations
• Quick analysis—washing and fixation is not required
• Multicolor compatibility—combine with other dyes excitable by the 488 nm laser or other lasers

CellEvent™ Caspase-3/7 Green Detection Reagent is a cell-permeant reagent that consists of a four-amino acid peptide (DEVD) conjugated to a nucleic acid-binding dye. During apoptosis, caspase-3 and caspase-7 proteins are activated and able to cleave the caspase 3/7 recognition sequence encoded in the DEVD peptide. Cleavage of the recognition sequence and binding of DNA by the reagent labels the apoptotic cells with a bright, fluorogenic signal that has absorption/emission maxima of ~511/533 nm. When used together with the SYTOX™ AADvanced™ Dead Cell Stain, apoptotic cells can be easily discriminated from live and necrotic cells.

Because no single parameter defines apoptosis in all systems, we strongly suggest using a combination of different measurements for reliable detection of apoptosis.

eBioscience™ Flow Cytometry Staining Buffer Invitrogen™

Our Flow Cytometry Staining Buffer is designed for use in immunofluorescent staining protocols of cells in suspension. This Flow Cytometry Staining Buffer is a buffered saline solution containing fetal bovine serum and sodium azide (0.09%) as a preservative. This buffer can be used for antibody and cell dilution steps, as well as all the wash steps required for the surface staining and flow cytometric analysis. This buffer contains animal serum proteins to help minimizing non-specific binding of antibodies.

Reported Application
Flow Cytometric Analysis

Opti-Bind™ Polystyrene Sulfate Particles Thermo Scientific™

Achieve maximum reactivity in many diagnostic applications with Thermo Scientific™ Opti-Bind™ Polystyrene Sulfate Particles for use in turbidimetric/nephelometric assays, slide agglutination assays, chemiluminescent assays and in clinical diagnostics and molecular biology applications. Particles can be used direct from the bottle, without any pre-cleaning.

Dynabeads™ Protein A IP Kit and Magnet Starter Pack Invitrogen™

The Dynabeads Protein A IP Kit and Magnet Starter Pack combines Dynabeads Protein A magnetic beads for immunoprecipitation (including the required buffers) and the magnet preferred for use with 1.5 mL microcentrifuge tubes for purchasing convenience. The beads and buffers are sufficient for 40 reactions, and the magnet holds 16 x 1.5 mL microcentrifuge tubes. The Dynabeads Immunoprecipitation Kit - Protein A with buffers, stand-alone Dynabeads Protein A beads, and the DynaMag-2 magnet are also available separately.

The product contains:
1 x Dynabeads Immunoprecipitation Kit - Protein A*
1 x DynaMag-2 Magnet

*The kit contains 2 mL Dynabeads Protein A beads, 16 mL Antibody Binding & Washing Buffer, 28 mL Washing Buffer, and 1 mL Elution Buffer.

Big ET-1 Human ProcartaPlex™ Simplex Kit Invitrogen™

The Human Big ET-1 Simplex ProcartaPlex Kit measures Big ET-1 protein and is designed to be combinable with other Simplex kits so that you can create your own multiplex panel that utilizes Luminex xMAP technology for protein detection/quantitation. When combining multiple Simplex kits (i.e., when you are not using a pre-configured Multiplex Panel), only one buffer kit (sold separately) is needed for each assay plate regardless of plex size.

About ProcartaPlex Assays for the Luminex Platform

ProcartaPlex immunoassays are based on the principles of a sandwich ELISA, using two highly specific antibodies binding to different epitopes of one protein to quantitate all protein targets simultaneously using a Luminex instrument. ProcartaPlex multiplex assays require as little as 25 µL of plasma or serum, or 50 µL of cell culture supernatant, and just four hours to obtain analyzed results.

More results per sample—measure multiple protein targets simultaneously in a single 25–50 µL sample

Well-established Luminex technology—highly referenced multiplexing platform for protein detection and quantitation

ProcartaPlex assays utilize Luminex xMAP (multianalyte profiling) technology for the simultaneous detection and quantitation of up to 65 protein targets in a single 25–50 µL sample from plasma, serum, cell culture supernatants, and other bodily fluids.

The Luminex beads in the ProcartaPlex assay are internally dyed with precise proportions of red and infrared fluorophores to create spectrally unique signatures that can be identified by the Luminex xMAP detection systems (e.g. Luminex 200, FLEXMAP 3D, and MAGPIX). Similar to a sandwich ELISA, the ProcartaPlex assay uses matched antibody pairs to identify the protein of interest. In a multiplexed assay, each spectrally unique bead is labeled with antibodies specific for a single target protein, and bound proteins are identified with biotinylated antibodies and streptavidin–R-phycoerythrin (RPE). The conjugation of protein-specific antibodies to a distinct bead allows for analysis of multiple targets in a single well.

The most significant difference between a ProcartaPlex assay and ELISA is that the capture antibody in the ProcartaPlex assay is conjugated to a bead and not adsorbed to the microplate well, so the ProcartaPlex assay reagents are free-floating in the solution. For detection, the Luminex 200 instrument, for example, contains two lasers, one to distinguish the spectral signature of each bead and the second to quantify the amount of RPE fluorescence, which is proportional to the amount of protein present in the sample. ProcartaPlex multiplex assays can profile more target proteins using significantly less sample in the same time that it takes to perform a traditional sandwich ELISA.

ProcartaPlex multiplex panels are available in multiple formats across six species (human, mouse, rat, nonhuman primate, porcine, and canine).

ULBP-3 Human ProcartaPlex™ Simplex Kit Invitrogen™

The Human ULBP-3 Simplex ProcartaPlex Kit measures ULBP-3 protein and is designed to be combinable with other Simplex kits so that you can create your own multiplex panel that utilizes Luminex xMAP technology for protein detection/quantitation. When combining multiple Simplex kits (i.e., when you are not using a pre-configured Multiplex Panel), only one buffer kit (sold separately) is needed for each assay plate regardless of plex size.

About ProcartaPlex Assays for the Luminex Platform

ProcartaPlex immunoassays are based on the principles of a sandwich ELISA, using two highly specific antibodies binding to different epitopes of one protein to quantitate all protein targets simultaneously using a Luminex instrument. ProcartaPlex multiplex assays require as little as 25 µL of plasma or serum, or 50 µL of cell culture supernatant, and just four hours to obtain analyzed results.

More results per sample—measure multiple protein targets simultaneously in a single 25–50 µL sample

Well-established Luminex technology—highly referenced multiplexing platform for protein detection and quantitation

ProcartaPlex assays utilize Luminex xMAP (multianalyte profiling) technology for the simultaneous detection and quantitation of up to 65 protein targets in a single 25–50 µL sample from plasma, serum, cell culture supernatants, and other bodily fluids.

The Luminex beads in the ProcartaPlex assay are internally dyed with precise proportions of red and infrared fluorophores to create spectrally unique signatures that can be identified by the Luminex xMAP detection systems (e.g. Luminex 200, FLEXMAP 3D, and MAGPIX). Similar to a sandwich ELISA, the ProcartaPlex assay uses matched antibody pairs to identify the protein of interest. In a multiplexed assay, each spectrally unique bead is labeled with antibodies specific for a single target protein, and bound proteins are identified with biotinylated antibodies and streptavidin–R-phycoerythrin (RPE). The conjugation of protein-specific antibodies to a distinct bead allows for analysis of multiple targets in a single well.

The most significant difference between a ProcartaPlex assay and ELISA is that the capture antibody in the ProcartaPlex assay is conjugated to a bead and not adsorbed to the microplate well, so the ProcartaPlex assay reagents are free-floating in the solution. For detection, the Luminex 200 instrument, for example, contains two lasers, one to distinguish the spectral signature of each bead and the second to quantify the amount of RPE fluorescence, which is proportional to the amount of protein present in the sample. ProcartaPlex multiplex assays can profile more target proteins using significantly less sample in the same time that it takes to perform a traditional sandwich ELISA.

ProcartaPlex multiplex panels are available in multiple formats across six species (human, mouse, rat, nonhuman primate, porcine, and canine).

SARS-CoV-2 Nucleocapsid Ig Total Human ProcartaPlex™ Simplex Kit Invitrogen™

The Human SARS-CoV-2 Nucleocapsid Ig Total Simplex ProcartaPlex Kit measures anti-SARS-CoV-2 Nucleocapsid antibodies in serum and plasma. The detector antibody is an Immunoglobulin (Ig) Total antibody directly conjugated to phycoerythrin (PE) that cross-reacts with all Ig (IgG, IgM, and IgA) in serum and plasma. IgG is the most abundant of the immunoglobulins.

This kit is designed to be combinable with other Simplex kits from the Coronavirus Panel so that you can create your own multiplex panel that utilizes Luminex xMAP technology for protein detection/quantitation. When combining multiple Simplex kits (i.e., when you are not using a pre-configured Multiplex Panel), only one Viral Reagent kit (sold separately) is needed for each assay plate regardless of plex size.

About ProcartaPlex assays for the Luminex platform
ProcartaPlex immunoassays are based on the principles of a sandwich ELISA, using two highly specific antibodies binding to different epitopes of one protein to quantitate all protein targets simultaneously using a Luminex instrument. ProcartaPlex multiplex assays require as little as 25 µL of plasma or serum, or 50 µL of cell culture supernatant, and just four hours to obtain analyzed results.

Reproducible, reliable results—validated as a panel to the highest industry standard, including protein target combinability and cross-reactivity testing
More results per sample—measure multiple protein targets simultaneously in a single 25–50 µL sample
Well-established Luminex technology—the most referenced multiplexing platform for protein detection and quantitation

ProcartaPlex assays utilize Luminex xMAP (multianalyte profiling) technology for the simultaneous detection and quantitation of up to 80 protein targets in a single 25–50 µL sample—from plasma, serum, cell culture supernatants, and other bodily fluids.

The Luminex MagPlex superparamagnetic microsphere beads in the ProcartaPlex assay are internally dyed with precise proportions of red and infrared fluorophores to create 100 spectrally unique signatures that can be identified by the Luminex xMAP detection systems (Luminex 200, FLEXMAP 3D, and MAGPIX systems). Similar to a sandwich ELISA, the ProcartaPlex assay uses matched antibody pairs to identify the protein of interest. In a multiplexed assay, each spectrally unique bead is labeled with antibodies specific for a single target protein, and bound proteins are identified with biotinylated antibodies and streptavidin–R-phycoerythrin (RPE). The conjugation of protein-specific antibodies to a distinct bead allows for analysis of multiple targets in a single well.

The most significant difference between a ProcartaPlex assay and ELISA is that the capture antibody in the ProcartaPlex assay is conjugated to a magnetic bead and not adsorbed to the microplate well, so the ProcartaPlex assay reagents are free-floating in the solution. For detection, the Luminex 200 instrument, for example, contains two lasers, one to distinguish the spectral signature of each bead and the second to quantify the amount of RPE fluorescence, which is proportional to the amount of protein present in the sample. ProcartaPlex multiplex assays can profile more target proteins using significantly less sample in the same time that it takes to perform a traditional sandwich ELISA.

ProcartaPlex multiplex panels are available in multiple formats across six species (human, mouse, rat, nonhuman primate, porcine, and canine). Visit thermofisher.com/procartaplex for more information and available products.

Dynabeads™ Human T-Activator CD3/CD28 for T Cell Expansion and Activation Gibco™

Dynabeads® Human T-Activator CD3/CD28 are for the activation and expansion of human T cells. Advantages of Dynabeads® Human T-Activator CD3/CD28:

• Activation of T cells without the need for feeder cells
• Activated cells that retain in vivo-like function
• Maximum reproducibility without contamination by soluble antibodies or mitogens
• From 100- to 1,000-fold T cell expansion

About Dynabeads® Human T-Activator CD3/CD28
Dynabeads® Human T-Activator CD3/CD28 offer a simple method for activation and expansion of T cells that does not require feeder cells (antigen-presenting cells) or antigen. The uniform 4.5 µm diameter, inert, superparamagnetic beads are similar in size to antigen-presenting cells, and are covalently coupled to anti-CD3 and anti-CD28 antibodies. These two antibodies provide primary and co-stimulatory signals, optimized for efficient T cell activation and expansion. Expansion of the T cell population can be stimulated using recombinant IL-2, and after activation or expansion, the magnetic beads can be easily removed using a DynaMag™ magnet. For expansion of antigen-specific T cells from T cell clones or T cell lines, we recommend using Dynabeads® Human T-Activator CD3/CD28/CD137.

Starting samples
Start with mononuclear cells (MNCs)/peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from either whole blood or buffy coat, or T cell subsets including CD3+ T cells, CD4+ or CD8+ T cells, or regulatory T cells.

Downstream applications
The activated T cells can be analyzed shortly after activation (for transfection/transduction or to study TCR signaling, proteomics, gene expression, etc.). T cells can be left in culture to differentiate into T helper cell subsets or expansion of polyclonal/antigen-specific T cells.

Learn more about Dynabeads® products
• Find Dynabeads® products for a whole range of applications.
• Find magnets for Dynabeads® separations.
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