Shop All Transfection Reagents

Lipofectamine™ 3000 Transfection Reagent (Invitrogen™)

Lipofectamine® 3000 Transfection Reagent leverages our most advanced lipid nanoparticle technology to provide superior transfection performance with improved application outcomes and reproducible results. This reagent delivers superior transfection efficiency and improved cell viability for the widest range of hard-to-transfect and common cells (e.g., HEK293, HeLa).

Successfully transfect the widest variety of biologically relevant cell types with a reagent that offers:

• Superior performance—our highest efficiency reagent for difficult-to-transfect cells
• Improved cell viability—gentle on your cells, with low toxicity
• Versatile—one reagent for DNA, RNA, and co-transfection

Efficiently Transfect Difficult-to-Transfect Cells
Lipofectamine® 3000 reagent is designed to efficiently transfect difficult-to-transfect cells, yielding superior transfection performance across the broadest array of cell types. Successfully transfected cell types include:

Fibroblast (3T3, COS-7)Myoblast (C2C12, L6 CRL-1458)
Hepatocyte (HepG2, HuH7)Erythroleukemic cell (K562)
Breast carcinoma (MCF7, Hs578T)Prostate carcinoma (LNCap)
Lung carcinoma (A549, NCI-H460)Osteosarcoma (U-2 OS, Saos-2)
Colon carcinoma (Caco2, SW480)Pancreatic carcinoma (PANC-1)
Skin melanoma (SK-MEL-28) 

View performance data for 60+ cell lines plus comparison to Lipofectamine 2000 >

Transfect Common Cells Efficiently and Cost-Effectively
For common cell types, Lipofectamine® 3000 reagent is more cost-effective than other reagents due to its high concentration and low usage amount. The 1.5 mL size provides up to 1500 transfection reactions (in 24-well plates).

Achieve Superior Transfection Efficiency While Maintaining Low Toxicity
Lipofectamine® 3000 reagent maintains a high transfection efficiency within a robust dynamic range of lipid doses for quick and easy optimization. A low toxicity lipid dose (0.75 µL for 24-well plates) is suggested for applications requiring minimal disruption of the cells.

Enable High Transfection Efficiency in Novel Genome Editing Applications
Lipofectamine® 3000 reagent is suitable for novel genome editing applications. It increases the likelihood of successful cleavage and recombination with TALENs or CRISPRs through highly efficient transfection, ultimately maximizing the efficiency of genetic modifications and simplifying the downstream processes.

LV-MAX™ Lentiviral Production System (Gibco™)

The Gibco LV-MAX Lentiviral Production System is the first optimized system that provides a scalable and high-yield lentiviral vector production platform. It is based on a suspension, high-density culture of HEK 293-derived Viral Production Cells adapted to a special chemically defined, serum-free and protein-free LV-MAX Production Medium. Optimal viral titer yield is mediated by our advanced lipid nanoparticle transfection reagent in combination with a novel lentiviral-specific enhancer and supplement. All components work synergistically to generate superior and functional lentiviral particles under serum-free conditions compared to conventional polyethylenimine (PEI).

The LV-MAX Lentiviral Production System provides:
• High titer—greater than 1 x 108 TU/mL (unconcentrated LVVs-GFP)
• Scalable suspension system—from 96 deep-well plate to 2-L bioreactor
• Serum-free—eliminating animal-origin components and associated risks
• Easy, robust culture and transfection protocols—fits into current transient production workflows

The components included in the LV-MAX Lentiviral Production System are: two vials of frozen Viral Production Cells, one liter of LV-MAX Production Medium, and one LV-MAX Transfection Kit sufficient to produce 0.3 L of lentivirus. All components of the LV-MAX Lentiviral Production System are also available for purchase separately. Also required, but not included in this kit, is Gibco Opti-MEM I Reduced Serum Medium (Cat. No. 31985062).

Lipofectamine™ 2000 Transfection Reagent (Invitrogen™)

Lipofectamine® 2000 Transfection Reagent is a versatile transfection reagent that has been shown to effectively transfect the widest variety of adherent and suspension cell lines. Researchers use Lipofectamine® 2000 Reagent for siRNA- and shRNA-based gene knockdown experiments, as well as for gene expression studies.

With Lipofectamine® 2000 Transfection Reagent, you'll get:

• Exceptional transfection efficiency in the broadest range of cell lines and the highest levels of recombinant protein expression (see table)
• Superior performance for co-transfection of siRNA and plasmid DNA
• Proven efficacy in the presence of serum—eliminates the need to change media following transfection
• Reliable performance for high-throughput applications
• The best choice for establishing stable cell lines

A high-performance transfection reagent for gene expression and gene silencing
Lipofectamine® 2000 Transfection Reagent works effectively with all common cell lines as well as with many challenging ones, and can be used in media with or without serum. For gene silencing, Lipofectamine® 2000 Transfection Reagent's high-efficiency transfections provide the high levels of gene knockdown needed to produce convincing results. Lipofectamine® 2000 Transfection Reagent is the number one choice for co-transfection, given its effectiveness for transfecting both siRNA and plasmid DNA. Lipofectamine® 2000 Transfection Reagent is easy to use—simply mix with nucleic acid and add to cell culture.

Ideal for high-throughput work
Simplicity and speed combined with high transfection efficiency make Lipofectamine® 2000 Transfection Reagent ideal for transient protein expression or high-throughput RNAi transfections. Transfection conditions can be easily established for automated or robotic systems used in such applications.

Lipofectamine™ Transfection Reagent (Invitrogen™)

Lipofectamine® Transfection Reagent is one of our first-generation, cationic-lipid transfection reagents formulated for the transfection of DNA into eukaryotic cells. Lipofectamine® Transfection Reagent is a trusted, value reagent with many years of cited use in thousands of publications and with many cell lines.

With Lipofectamine® Transfection Reagent, you'll get:

• A reagent proven to work in high-throughput applications
• A reliable reagent for establishing stable cell lines
• A reagent that works well with PLUS™ Reagent for higher protein expression

A proven technology
Our Lipofectamine®-brand reagents have been recognized as the most-cited transfection reagent family, with tens of thousands of citations since launch in 1993. Lipofectamine® Transfection Reagent is no exception as a trusted reagent for a wide range of cell lines. When used in combination with PLUS™ Reagent, Lipofectamine® Transfection Reagent has been shown to work well with cells such as BHK-21, NIH 3T3, COS-1, fibroblasts, keratinocytes, HT-29, MRC-5, and SK-BR3.

A "value" alternative for plasmid DNA
With such a legacy comes a commitment to providing the best reagents for all scientists and labs, regardless of their funding capabilities. Lipofectamine® Transfection Reagent is a value alternative for transfection of plasmid DNA into eukaryotic cells with a simplified protocol. For optimal results in a wider range of plasmid DNA transfection conditions, we recommend Lipofectamine® LTX Reagent, due to its optimal balance of potency & low-cytotoxicity. Lipofectamine® 2000 Transfection Reagent is recommended if you are transfecting a broad range of cell lines or want to transfect RNA.

FreeStyle™ MAX Reagent (Gibco™)

FreeStyle™ MAX Reagent is a proprietary, animal origin–free formulation for transfecting plasmid DNA into eukaryotic cells that can easily be scaled up to produce large amounts of recombinant proteins. FreeStyle™ MAX Reagent allows the highest expression levels and transfection rates with lowest cytotoxicity in bio-production applications, and is specifically formulated for use with:

• FreeStyle™ 293-F Cells (suspension human embryonal kidney cells, Cat. No. R790-07) in serum-free FreeStyle™ 293 Expression Medium (Cat. No. 12338-018)
• FreeStyle™ CHO-S Cells (suspension Chinese Hamster Ovary cells, Cat. No. R800-07) in serum-free FreeStyle™ CHO Expression Medium (Cat. No. 12651-014)
• DG44 Cells (DHFR suspension CHO cells) in CD DG44 Medium with 8 mM L-glutamine and 18 mL/L 10% Pluronic® F-68 (Cat. No. A11000-01)

Product use
FreeStyle™ MAX Reagent is intended for use with the FreeStyle™ MAX 293 Expression System (Cat. No. K9000-10) and the FreeStyle™ MAX CHO Expression System (Cat. No. K9000-20).

Lipofectamine™ RNAiMAX Transfection Reagent (Invitrogen™)

Lipofectamine® RNAiMAX Transfection Reagent provides the highest transfection efficiencies on the widest variety of cell types for siRNA-mediated gene knockdown experiments. Lipofectamine® RNAiMAX is a proprietary RNAi-specific cationic lipid formulation designed specifically for the delivery of siRNA and miRNA into all cell types.

With Lipofectamine® RNAiMAX Transfection Reagent you will get:

• Superior transfection efficiency requiring lower RNAi concentrations, leading to more effective gene knockdown with minimal nonspecific effects
• Easy optimization due to minimal cytotoxicity across a 10-fold concentration range of transfection reagent
• Superior transfection efficiencies for miRNA antagonists and mimics
• Compatibility with a broad range of cell types, providing the most versatile approach to all of your gene silencing experiments
• A simple and rapid protocol for consistent and reproducible results

High knockdown in a wide range of cells
Lipofectamine® RNAiMAX Transfection Reagent transfects a wide range of cell types (see figure). For gene silencing, Lipofectamine® RNAiMAX Transfection Reagent's high-efficiency transfections lead to the high levels of gene knockdown needed to achieve convincing results.

Simple, high-throughput–ready transfections
Simply mix Lipofectamine® RNAiMAX Transfection Reagent with siRNA, add to your cells, incubate, and measure gene knockdown. The simplicity and speed combined with high transfection efficiency make Lipofectamine® RNAiMAX Transfection Reagent ideal for high-throughput siRNA transfections. Transfection conditions can be easily established for automated or robotic systems used in such applications.

Find an optimized Lipofectamine® RNAiMAX transfection protocol for your cell line.

Lipofectamine™ CRISPRMAX™ Cas9 Transfection Reagent (Invitrogen™)

Lipofectamine™ CRISPRMAX™ Cas9 Transfection Reagent is the first optimized lipid nanoparticle transfection reagent for CRISPR-Cas9 protein delivery, providing the cleavage efficiency of electroporation with the simplicity and scalability of a reagent. Lipofectamine CRISPRMAX transfection reagent is an ideal alternative to electroporation as it is gentler on cells and more cost effective overall.

Offers our superior GeneArt™ Platinum™ Cas9 Nuclease as well as other CRISPR-Cas9 proteins with a reagent that enables:

• Demonstrated cleavage efficiency—tested in over 20 cell types including iPSC, mESC, N2A, CHO, A549, HCT116, HeLa, HEK293, and several others
• Low cell toxicity—less cells needed to initiate your experiment
• Cost savings—whether cost-per-reaction or initial investment
• Easily scalability—an ideal delivery solution for high throughput experiments

Achieve high transfection efficiency in novel genome editing applications
Lipofectamine CRISPRMAX transfection reagent helps increase the likelihood of successful cleavage and recombination, especially when combined with our GeneArt Platinum Cas9 Nuclease. This ultimately maximizes the efficiency of performing genetic modifications, simplifying your workflow when compared to electroporation.

Improve experimental outcomes using GeneArt Platinum Cas9 Nuclease
Unlike CRISPR plasmid or Cas9 mRNA, using Cas9 protein provides superior cleavage efficiency in primary cells and stem cells. It helps eliminate the need for transcription or translation of the payload, minimizes the risk of genomic integration, and is cell cycle independent.

Lipofectamine™ MessengerMAX™ Transfection Reagent (Invitrogen™)

Lipofectamine® MessengerMAX mRNA Transfection Reagent delivers amazing transfection efficiency in neurons and a broad-spectrum of primary cells, enabling improved application outcomes and more biologically relevant research. That's because our novel lipid nanoparticle technology is optimized to deliver the highest amount of mRNA possible without the nuclear entry step that is required with DNA.

Successfully transfect more predictive cell models with a reagent that provides:
• Amazing transfection efficiency in neurons and primary cell types
• Faster protein expression with no risk of genomic integration
• Up to 10x higher cleavage using mRNA CRISPRs

Enable high transfection efficiency in novel genome editing applications
Lipofectamine® MessengerMAX™ reagent helps increase the likelihood of successful cleavage and recombination with GeneArt® CRISPR Nuclease mRNA through highly efficient transfection, ultimately maximizing the efficiency of genetic modifications and simplifying the downstream processes.

Efficiently transfect difficult-to-transfect cells
Lipofectamine® MessengerMAX™ reagent is designed to transfect a higher amount of mRNA into neurons and a broad spectrum of difficult-to-transfect primary cells. This eliminates the need for electroporation or viruses, and provides a > 2-fold improvement in transfection efficiency compared to other lipid based reagents.

Leverage advantages of mRNA transfection
Transfection of mRNA does not require nuclear uptake, which results in faster protein expression than DNA transfection since translation of mRNA occurs in the cytoplasm. Also, mRNA has no risk of genomic integration and transfection efficiency is cell cycle independent.

ExpiFectamine™ Sf Transfection Reagent (Gibco™)

ExpiFectamine Sf Transfection Reagent is a next-generation cationic lipid-based reagent for efficient DNA transfection of insect cells using fast, flexible protocols.

ExpiFectamine Sf Transfection Reagent:
• Delivers robust and reproducible transfection, giving you greater confidence in your results
• Enables transfection of plasmid DNA in adherent and suspension Sf9 and Sf21 cell cultures for reliable recombinant baculovirus production
• Facilitates efficient production of high-titer, high-quality P0 recombinant baculovirus in suspension culture format without the need for further virus amplification
• Exhibits low toxicity and does not require medium change post-transfection
• Is part of a simple, fast protocol with a short 5-minute complexation time
• Demonstrates linear scalability of transfections from culture volumes of 4 mL to 500 mL in suspension format

The ExpiFectamine Sf Transfection Reagent is a core component of the ExpiSf Expression System and has been optimized for transfection of ExpiSf9 Cells. However, the reagent also demonstrates superior performance using other Sf9 and Sf21 insect cells cultured in serum-free media such as Sf-900 II SFM or Sf-900 III SFM in both adherent and suspension culture formats.

ExpiFectamine™ 293 Transfection Kit (Gibco™)

The ExpiFectamine™ 293 Transfection Kit is a core component of the Expi293™ Expression System. It is designed for transient transfection of high density cultures of HEK (human embryonic kidney) 293 cells. The high-efficiency, cationic, lipid-based transfection reagent and transfection enhancers are designed to power the highest possible level of protein expression from Expi293F™ cells cultured in Expi293™ Expression Medium

Designed specifically for transfection of high density suspension cell culture, with matching transfection enhancers that boost transfection performance and protein expression
Achieves protein yields 2- to 10-fold higher than other transfection reagents used on high density 293 cell cultures
Employs the same transient expression protocols typically used in current low-density 293 suspension culture systems to easily switch from low density systems to the high yield, high density Expi293™ Expression System
Provides robust and reproducible transfection results, giving users greater confidence in their results
Scale transfections for culture volumes of less than 1 mL to greater than 10 liters, while maintaining equivalent volumetric protein yields

The ExpiFectamine™ 293 Transfection Kit is specifically designed to work with Expi293F™ cells in the Expi293™ Expression System. The transfection kit consists of the cationic lipid-based ExpiFectamine™ 293 Reagent and ExpiFectamine™ 293 Transfection Enhancers 1 and 2. The enhancers are added 16 to 18 hours post-transfection to boost transfection, cell viability, and protein expression. The protocol for use of ExpiFectamine™ 293 Transfection components is very similar to transfection protocols for other transient expression reagents, such as 293fectin and FreeStyle™ MAX.

Calcium Phosphate Transfection Kit (Invitrogen™)

The Calcium Phosphate Transfection Kit provides high-quality reagents to enable the introduction of DNA into eukaryotic cells via calcium phosphate co-precipitation.

How it works
The calcium phosphate transfection method for introducing DNA into mammalian cells is based on forming a calcium phosphate-DNA precipitate. Calcium phosphate facilitates the binding of the DNA to the cell surface. DNA then enters the cell by endocytosis. The method was first developed by Graham and van der Ebb and was later modified by Wigler. The procedure is routinely used to transfect a wide variety of cell types for transient expression or for producing stable transformants. The DNA is mixed directly with a concentrated solution of CaCl2, which is then added dropwise to a phosphate buffer to form a fine precipitate. Aeration of the phosphate buffer while adding the DNA-CaCl2 solution helps to ensure that the precipitate that forms is as fine as possible, which is important because clumped DNA will not adhere to or enter the cell as efficiently.

Invivofectamine™ 3.0 Reagent (Invitrogen™)

Invivofectamine® 3.0 Reagent is an animal origin-free lipid nanoparticle designed for high efficiency in vivo delivery of siRNA and miRNA to mouse liver cells following tail vein injection.

Using Invivofectamine® 3.0 Reagent
Invivofectamine® 3.0 Reagent is ideally suited for in vivo delivery of siRNA and miRNA duplexes. Invivofectamine® 3.0/RNA complexes are delivered using a low-volume, low-pressure method with no toxicity and no stress response in the animal. Invivofectamine® 3.0 can also be combined with BLOCK-iT™ fluorescent controls to track the biodistribution of the siRNA or miRNA.

Lipofectin™ Transfection Reagent (Invitrogen™)

Lipofectin® Transfection Reagent is the reagent of choice for transfection of endothelial cells. Lipofectin® Transfection Reagent is also suitable for transfecting DNA, RNA, and oligonucleotides into mammalian cells, and DNA into plant protoplasts. Lipofectin® reagent has also been shown to work well, in combination with PLUS® Reagent, for the transfection of HeLa cells. Lipofectin® Transfection Reagent is a 1:1 (w/w) liposome formulation of the cationic lipid N-[1-(2,3-dioleyloxy)propyl]-n,n,n-trimethylammonium chloride (DOTMA) and dioleoyl phophotidylethanolamine (DOPE) in membrane-filtered water.

siPORT™ NeoFX™ Transfection Agent (Invitrogen™)

This Ambion® lipid-based formulation can be used to efficiently transfect adherent cells with siRNA as they are subcultured—without increased cytotoxicity. It is provided in one tube containing 1 mL.

• Versatile—works with a broad range of cell lines
• Reproducible—produces consistent results, lot-to-lot, plate-to-plate, and well-to-well
• Efficient—performs with high siRNA transfection efficiency, allowing use of low siRNA concentrations to minimize nonspecific effects
• Fast—reverse-transfects cells as they are plated, saving a day

Gene silencing experiments often call for critical, but time-consuming optimization experiments. siPORT™ NeoFX Transfection Agent refines siRNA transfection protocols resulting in less optimization. From start to finish, successful gene silencing experiments can be completed in as early as 24 hours. This streamlined protocol can be adapted to a wide range of cells and experimental designs, including high-throughput applications.

Reverse-Transfect Cells as They are Plated, Saving a Day
Just add siPORT™ NeoFX to your diluted siRNA, incubate to form transfection complexes, add the complexes to the culture wells, and overlay with cells. This new streamlined protocol, named "neofection", will save researchers a full day of valuable time when compared to traditional plated transfection procedures. The transfection complexes are active and stable even in the presence of serum, so there is no need to remove or replace media following transfection.

Optimized for Lower siRNA Concentrations and High Reproducibility
Recent reports indicate that siRNA concentrations of 100 nM or higher can lead to nonspecific changes in gene expression (off-target effects) in mammalian cultured cells. Reducing the amount of siRNA used for transfections to 1–20 nM minimizes these nonspecific effects, while still providing extensive silencing of the target gene. siPORT™ NeoFX Transfection Agent efficiently transfects low concentrations of siRNA. Furthermore, this agent delivers high performance among multiple wells for replicate samples and between different lots of the transfection agent.

Compatible with a Broad Range of Cell Lines
The agent has been used successfully to deliver siRNA into many cell types, including MCF-7 (human breast adenocarcinoma), HT-29 (human colorectal adenocarcinoma), HeLa-S3 (human cervix adenocarcinoma), HeLa (human cervix adenocarcinoma), HepG2 (human hepatocellular carcinoma), BJ (human foreskin fibroblast), A549 (human lung carcinoma), UMR106 (rat osteosarcoma), SKOv3 (human ovarian carcinoma), and SKNAS (human bone marrow neuroblastoma).

Accessory Products:
siPORT™ Amine Transfection Agent (SKU#s AM4502 and AM4503), a polyamine agent, is also available. For testing which transfection agent is best with your system, the Silencer® siRNA Transfection II Kit (SKU# AM1631) is recommended. It contains the two different transfection agents along with controls for transfection optimization.

Lipofectamine™ Stem Transfection Reagent (Invitrogen™)

Lipofectamine Stem Transfection Reagent is optimized to achieve maximum efficiency with minimal early differentiation in a wide range of stem cells. It can co-deliver DNA, RNA, and Cas9 ribonucleoprotein (RNP) complexes. Lipofectamine Stem reagent is compatible with a variety of media systems, including feeder-free, helping support and simplify your stem cell culture workflow. Researchers can achieve up to 80% or better transfection efficiency in pluripotent stem cells (PSCs) and neural stem cells (NSCs), and up to 45% in mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs).

Transfecting stem cells without inhibiting cell viability and cell growth can be challenging due to the sensitivity of these cells. Lipofectamine Stem is a low toxicity reagent, requiring low amounts of nucleic acid, allowing your stem cells to stay healthy and continue proliferating without inducing differentiation. Lipofectamine Stem reagent is:

Superior in performance—up to 3-fold higher efficiency across iPSCs, hESCs, NSCs, and MSCs compared to other reagents
Versatile—one reagent for DNA, RNA, Cas9 protein, and co-transfection
Gentle on cells—maintains cell proliferation without inducing differentiation
Flexible—transfects cells in adherence or suspension—an alternative to electroporation

Achieve high efficiency gene editing in stem cells
Gene editing applications typically require the ability to co-deliver DNA, RNA, and/or protein into cells. Lipofectamine Stem Transfection Reagent is designed to co-deliver CRISPR/Cas9 complexes into human stem cells for high efficiency gene editing. This one reagent can be used to transfect large DNA plasmids such as all-in-one CRISPR/Cas9 vectors and co-deliver a range of RNAs, such as large Cas9 mRNA with tracr/crRNA complexes or single guide (sg) RNA, and protein such as Cas9 protein combined with tracr/crRNA or sgRNA.

A low-toxicity alternative to electroporation
Transfecting stem cells via electroporation methods can be challenging and cumbersome. Electroporation protocols recommend single cell suspension culture to ensure maximum efficiency and minimal toxicity. Using the reverse transfection protocol, the Lipofectamine Stem Transfection Reagent proves to be an effective and less toxic alternative to electroporation for stem cells. It requires low amounts of nucleic acid to achieve maximum transfection efficiency, on par with electroporation, while supporting continued proliferation without inducing differentiation.