Shop All Transfection Reagents

Lipofectamine™ Transfection Reagent (Invitrogen™)

Lipofectamine® Transfection Reagent is one of our first-generation, cationic-lipid transfection reagents formulated for the transfection of DNA into eukaryotic cells. Lipofectamine® Transfection Reagent is a trusted, value reagent with many years of cited use in thousands of publications and with many cell lines.

With Lipofectamine® Transfection Reagent, you'll get:

• A reagent proven to work in high-throughput applications
• A reliable reagent for establishing stable cell lines
• A reagent that works well with PLUS™ Reagent for higher protein expression

A proven technology
Our Lipofectamine®-brand reagents have been recognized as the most-cited transfection reagent family, with tens of thousands of citations since launch in 1993. Lipofectamine® Transfection Reagent is no exception as a trusted reagent for a wide range of cell lines. When used in combination with PLUS™ Reagent, Lipofectamine® Transfection Reagent has been shown to work well with cells such as BHK-21, NIH 3T3, COS-1, fibroblasts, keratinocytes, HT-29, MRC-5, and SK-BR3.

A "value" alternative for plasmid DNA
With such a legacy comes a commitment to providing the best reagents for all scientists and labs, regardless of their funding capabilities. Lipofectamine® Transfection Reagent is a value alternative for transfection of plasmid DNA into eukaryotic cells with a simplified protocol. For optimal results in a wider range of plasmid DNA transfection conditions, we recommend Lipofectamine® LTX Reagent, due to its optimal balance of potency & low-cytotoxicity. Lipofectamine® 2000 Transfection Reagent is recommended if you are transfecting a broad range of cell lines or want to transfect RNA.

Calcium Phosphate Transfection Kit (Invitrogen™)

The Calcium Phosphate Transfection Kit provides high-quality reagents to enable the introduction of DNA into eukaryotic cells via calcium phosphate co-precipitation.

How it works
The calcium phosphate transfection method for introducing DNA into mammalian cells is based on forming a calcium phosphate-DNA precipitate. Calcium phosphate facilitates the binding of the DNA to the cell surface. DNA then enters the cell by endocytosis. The method was first developed by Graham and van der Ebb and was later modified by Wigler. The procedure is routinely used to transfect a wide variety of cell types for transient expression or for producing stable transformants. The DNA is mixed directly with a concentrated solution of CaCl2, which is then added dropwise to a phosphate buffer to form a fine precipitate. Aeration of the phosphate buffer while adding the DNA-CaCl2 solution helps to ensure that the precipitate that forms is as fine as possible, which is important because clumped DNA will not adhere to or enter the cell as efficiently.

siPORT™ Amine Transfection Agent (Invitrogen™)

A polyamine-based Ambion® siRNA transfection agent that can be used to transfect cells during subculturing-—saving a full day of valuable time—without increasing toxicity. It is supplied in one tube containing 0.4 mL. A successful siRNA experiment requires the appropriate transfection agent for your cells, and one that is optimized for siRNA delivery. The efficiency with which different transfection reagents deliver nucleic acids can vary dramatically with the type of nucleic acid being transfected (RNA vs. DNA, single-stranded vs. double-stranded) and the cells being used.

Accessory Products:
siPORT™ NeoFX™ Transfection Agent (SKU#s AM4511 and AM4510), a cationic and neutral lipid mixture, is also available. For testing which transfection agent is best with your system, the Silencer® siRNA Transfection II Kit (SKU# AM1631) is recommended. It contains the two different transfection agents along with controls for transfection optimization.

Optifect™ Transfection Reagent (Invitrogen™)

Optifect™ Transfection Reagent is a pre-optimized formulation designed to ensure highly efficient gene delivery to a wide variety of cell lines transfected at low confluence or density (10%-70%) (Figure 1). Optifect™ Reagent can also be used with cells that are sensitive to Lipofectamine™ 2000 or other commercially available transfection reagents. Optifect™ Reagent facilitates high levels of protein expression from sparsely plated cells (Table 1). Useful in applications such as studies of cell surface proteins, post-transfection proliferation assays, or other situations where cells must be allowed to grow significantly following transfection. Optifect™ has been shown to be less toxic to cells compared to other commercially available transfection reagents.

Lipofectamine™ RNAiMAX Transfection Reagent (Invitrogen™)

Lipofectamine® RNAiMAX Transfection Reagent provides the highest transfection efficiencies on the widest variety of cell types for siRNA-mediated gene knockdown experiments. Lipofectamine® RNAiMAX is a proprietary RNAi-specific cationic lipid formulation designed specifically for the delivery of siRNA and miRNA into all cell types.

With Lipofectamine® RNAiMAX Transfection Reagent you will get:

• Superior transfection efficiency requiring lower RNAi concentrations, leading to more effective gene knockdown with minimal nonspecific effects
• Easy optimization due to minimal cytotoxicity across a 10-fold concentration range of transfection reagent
• Superior transfection efficiencies for miRNA antagonists and mimics
• Compatibility with a broad range of cell types, providing the most versatile approach to all of your gene silencing experiments
• A simple and rapid protocol for consistent and reproducible results

High knockdown in a wide range of cells
Lipofectamine® RNAiMAX Transfection Reagent transfects a wide range of cell types (see figure). For gene silencing, Lipofectamine® RNAiMAX Transfection Reagent's high-efficiency transfections lead to the high levels of gene knockdown needed to achieve convincing results.

Simple, high-throughput–ready transfections
Simply mix Lipofectamine® RNAiMAX Transfection Reagent with siRNA, add to your cells, incubate, and measure gene knockdown. The simplicity and speed combined with high transfection efficiency make Lipofectamine® RNAiMAX Transfection Reagent ideal for high-throughput siRNA transfections. Transfection conditions can be easily established for automated or robotic systems used in such applications.

Find an optimized Lipofectamine® RNAiMAX transfection protocol for your cell line.

siPORT™ Amine Transfection Agent with manual (Invitrogen™)

A polyamine-based Ambion® siRNA transfection agent that can be used to transfect cells during subculturing-—saving a full day of valuable time—without increasing toxicity. It is supplied in one tube containing 0.4 mL. A successful siRNA experiment requires the appropriate transfection agent for your cells, and one that is optimized for siRNA delivery. The efficiency with which different transfection reagents deliver nucleic acids can vary dramatically with the type of nucleic acid being transfected (RNA vs. DNA, single-stranded vs. double-stranded) and the cells being used.

Accessory Products:
siPORT™ NeoFX™ Transfection Agent (SKU#s AM4511 and AM4510), a cationic and neutral lipid mixture, is also available. For testing which transfection agent is best with your system, the Silencer® siRNA Transfection II Kit (SKU# AM1631) is recommended. It contains the two different transfection agents along with controls for transfection optimization.

Cellfectin™ II Reagent (Gibco™)

Cellfectin® II Reagent is a cationic-lipid formulation designed for optimal transfection of insect cells. Cellfectin® II is an improved version of the original Cellfectin® Reagent. In addition to providing the same great performance as Cellfectin®, Cellfectin® II Reagent is manufactured to ensure lot-to-lot consistency, and is optimized to be used in a faster protocol. Transfection with Cellfectin® II Reagent leads to consistent and efficient transfection of Sf9, Sf21, and High Five™ cells when using BaculoDirect™ and InsectSelect™ Expression Systems. Cellfectin® II Reagent can also be used to transfect adherent or suspension mammalian cells in serum-containing or serum-free media.

Pierce™ Protein Transfection Reagent (Thermo Scientific™)

Thermo Scientific Pierce Protein Transfection Reagent (formerly Pro-Ject) is a cationic lipid mixture for complexation with proteins, peptides, antibodies and other biologically active molecules to allow their direct intracellular delivery.

Features of Protein Transfection Reagent:

• No need to isolate, clone and transfect gene sequences—Saves days of work
• Optimum delivery in three to four hours after incubation—Fast protein delivery
• Delivery complex is non-covalent—Proteins and peptides retain biological activity after delivery
• Works with proteins, peptides and fluorescently labeled antibodies—Versatility

This is a unique cationic lipid mixture (previously called Pro-Ject Reagent) which, when complexed with proteins or peptides, allows direct intracellular delivery of proteins, peptides, antibodies and other biologically active molecules. Reagent protein complexes attach to negatively charged cell surfaces and either can directly fuse with the membrane and deliver the captured protein into the cell or be endocytosed by the cell and then fuse with the endosome, releasing the captured protein into the cytoplasm. Because the complex formed is noncovalent it does not interfere with the protein's biological activity.

Molecules that have been successfully delivered with the transfection reagent include β-galactosidase, fluorescent-antibody, green fluorescent protein (GFP), high and low molecular weight dextran sulfate, phycoerythrin-BSA, caspase 3, caspase 8 and granzyme B.

Protocol for Optimization of Protein Transfection.

Lipofectamine™ Stem Transfection Reagent (Invitrogen™)

Lipofectamine Stem Transfection Reagent is optimized to achieve maximum efficiency with minimal early differentiation in a wide range of stem cells. It can co-deliver DNA, RNA, and Cas9 ribonucleoprotein (RNP) complexes. Lipofectamine Stem reagent is compatible with a variety of media systems, including feeder-free, helping support and simplify your stem cell culture workflow. Researchers can achieve up to 80% or better transfection efficiency in pluripotent stem cells (PSCs) and neural stem cells (NSCs), and up to 45% in meschenchymal stem cells (MSCs).

Transfecting stem cells without inhibiting cell viability and cell growth can be challenging due to the sensitivity of these cells. Lipofectamine Stem is a low toxicity reagent, requiring low amounts of nucleic acid, allowing your stem cells to stay healthy and continue proliferating without inducing differentiation. Lipofectamine Stem reagent is:

Superior in performance—up to 3-fold higher efficiency across iPSCs, hESCs, NSCs, and MSCs compared to other reagents
Versatile—one reagent for DNA, RNA, Cas9 protein, and co-transfection
Gentle on cells—maintains cell proliferation without inducing differentiation
Flexible—transfects cells in adherence or suspension—an alternative to electroporation

Achieve high efficiency gene editing in stem cells
Gene editing applications typically require the ability to co-deliver DNA, RNA, and/or protein into cells. Lipofectamine Stem Transfection Reagent is designed to co-deliver CRISPR/Cas9 complexes into human stem cells for high efficiency gene editing. This one reagent can be used to transfect large DNA plasmids such as all-in-one CRISPR/Cas9 vectors and co-deliver a range of RNAs, such as large Cas9 mRNA with tracr/crRNA complexes or single guide (sg) RNA, and protein such as Cas9 protein combined with tracr/crRNA or sgRNA.

A low-toxicity alternative to electroporation
Transfecting stem cells via electroporation methods can be challenging and cumbersome. Electroporation protocols recommend single cell suspension culture to ensure maximum efficiency and minimal toxicity. Using the reverse transfection protocol, the Lipofectamine Stem Transfection Reagent proves to be an effective and less toxic alternative to electroporation for stem cells. It requires low amounts of nucleic acid to achieve maximum transfection efficiency, on par with electroporation, while supporting continued proliferation without inducing differentiation.

DMRIE-C Transfection Reagent (Invitrogen™)

DMRIE-C Transfection Reagent is suitable for transfecting DNA and RNA into eukaryotic cells, and is particularly effective for transfecting suspension cells (e.g., Jurkat) and other lymphoid-derived cell lines. Refer to the Cell Lines database at www.invitrogen.com for a list of cell types successfully transfected. DMRIE-C can also be used for in vivo delivery of DNA. DMRIE-C is a 1:1 (M/M) liposome formulation of the cationic lipid DMRIE (1,2-dimyristyloxy-propyl-3-dimethyl-hydroxy ethyl ammonium bromide) and cholesterol in membrane-filtered water.

FreeStyle™ MAX Reagent (Gibco™)

FreeStyle™ MAX Reagent is a proprietary, animal origin–free formulation for transfecting plasmid DNA into eukaryotic cells that can easily be scaled up to produce large amounts of recombinant proteins. FreeStyle™ MAX Reagent allows the highest expression levels and transfection rates with lowest cytotoxicity in bio-production applications, and is specifically formulated for use with:

• FreeStyle™ 293-F Cells (suspension human embryonal kidney cells, Cat. No. R790-07) in serum-free FreeStyle™ 293 Expression Medium (Cat. No. 12338-018)
• FreeStyle™ CHO-S Cells (suspension Chinese Hamster Ovary cells, Cat. No. R800-07) in serum-free FreeStyle™ CHO Expression Medium (Cat. No. 12651-014)
• DG44 Cells (DHFR suspension CHO cells) in CD DG44 Medium with 8 mM L-glutamine and 18 mL/L 10% Pluronic® F-68 (Cat. No. A11000-01)

Product use
FreeStyle™ MAX Reagent is intended for use with the FreeStyle™ MAX 293 Expression System (Cat. No. K9000-10) and the FreeStyle™ MAX CHO Expression System (Cat. No. K9000-20).

siPORT™ NeoFX™ Transfection Agent with manual (Invitrogen™)

This Ambion® lipid-based formulation can be used to efficiently transfect adherent cells with siRNA as they are subcultured—without increased cytotoxicity. It is provided in one tube containing 1 mL.

• Versatile—works with a broad range of cell lines
• Reproducible—produces consistent results, lot-to-lot, plate-to-plate, and well-to-well
• Efficient—performs with high siRNA transfection efficiency, allowing use of low siRNA concentrations to minimize nonspecific effects
• Fast—reverse-transfects cells as they are plated, saving a day

Gene silencing experiments often call for critical, but time-consuming optimization experiments. siPORT™ NeoFX Transfection Agent refines siRNA transfection protocols resulting in less optimization. From start to finish, successful gene silencing experiments can be completed in as early as 24 hours. This streamlined protocol can be adapted to a wide range of cells and experimental designs, including high-throughput applications.

Reverse-Transfect Cells as They are Plated, Saving a Day
Just add siPORT™ NeoFX to your diluted siRNA, incubate to form transfection complexes, add the complexes to the culture wells, and overlay with cells. This new streamlined protocol, named "neofection", will save researchers a full day of valuable time when compared to traditional plated transfection procedures. The transfection complexes are active and stable even in the presence of serum, so there is no need to remove or replace media following transfection.

Optimized for Lower siRNA Concentrations and High Reproducibility
Recent reports indicate that siRNA concentrations of 100 nM or higher can lead to nonspecific changes in gene expression (off-target effects) in mammalian cultured cells. Reducing the amount of siRNA used for transfections to 1–20 nM minimizes these nonspecific effects, while still providing extensive silencing of the target gene. siPORT™ NeoFX Transfection Agent efficiently transfects low concentrations of siRNA. Furthermore, this agent delivers high performance among multiple wells for replicate samples and between different lots of the transfection agent.

Compatible with a Broad Range of Cell Lines
The agent has been used successfully to deliver siRNA into many cell types, including MCF-7 (human breast adenocarcinoma), HT-29 (human colorectal adenocarcinoma), HeLa-S3 (human cervix adenocarcinoma), HeLa (human cervix adenocarcinoma), HepG2 (human hepatocellular carcinoma), BJ (human foreskin fibroblast), A549 (human lung carcinoma), UMR106 (rat osteosarcoma), SKOv3 (human ovarian carcinoma), and SKNAS (human bone marrow neuroblastoma).

Accessory Products:
siPORT™ Amine Transfection Agent (SKU#s AM4502 and AM4503), a polyamine agent, is also available. For testing which transfection agent is best with your system, the Silencer® siRNA Transfection II Kit (SKU# AM1631) is recommended. It contains the two different transfection agents along with controls for transfection optimization.

293fectin™ Transfection Reagent (Gibco™)

293fectin™ Transfection Reagent is a proprietary, cationic lipid-based formulation for transfecting DNA into eukaryotic cells. This reagent is optimized for transfecting suspension 293 human embryonic kidney cells (e.g., FreeStyle™ 293-F cells, Cat. No. R790-07) in defined, serum-free FreeStyle™ 293 Expression Medium (Cat. No. 12338-018), and is intended for use with the FreeStyle™ 293 Expression System (Cat. No. K9000-01). 293fectin™ Transfection Reagent provides the following advantages:

• Demonstrates high transfection efficiency in suspension 293 cells and is also suitable for transfecting adherent 293 cells
• Suspension FreeStyle™ 293-F cells may be transfected in FreeStyle™ 293 Expression Medium; no medium change is required
• Add 293fectin™ reagent complexes directly to cells in culture medium
• No need to remove complexes or change or add medium following transfection

ExpiFectamine™ 293 Transfection Kit (Gibco™)

The ExpiFectamine™ 293 Transfection Kit is a core component of the Expi293™ Expression System. It is designed for transient transfection of high density cultures of HEK (human embryonic kidney) 293 cells. The high-efficiency, cationic, lipid-based transfection reagent and transfection enhancers are designed to power the highest possible level of protein expression from Expi293F™ cells cultured in Expi293™ Expression Medium

Designed specifically for transfection of high density suspension cell culture, with matching transfection enhancers that boost transfection performance and protein expression
Achieves protein yields 2- to 10-fold higher than other transfection reagents used on high density 293 cell cultures
Employs the same transient expression protocols typically used in current low-density 293 suspension culture systems to easily switch from low density systems to the high yield, high density Expi293™ Expression System
Provides robust and reproducible transfection results, giving users greater confidence in their results
Scale transfections for culture volumes of less than 1 mL to greater than 10 liters, while maintaining equivalent volumetric protein yields

The ExpiFectamine™ 293 Transfection Kit is specifically designed to work with Expi293F™ cells in the Expi293™ Expression System. The transfection kit consists of the cationic lipid-based ExpiFectamine™ 293 Reagent and ExpiFectamine™ 293 Transfection Enhancers 1 and 2. The enhancers are added 16 to 18 hours post-transfection to boost transfection, cell viability, and protein expression. The protocol for use of ExpiFectamine™ 293 Transfection components is very similar to transfection protocols for other transient expression reagents, such as 293fectin and FreeStyle™ MAX.

ExpiFectamine™ CHO Transfection Kit (Gibco™)

The ExpiFectamine™ CHO Transfection Kit is a core component of the ExpiCHO™ Expression System Kit (Cat. No. A29133). It is designed for transient transfection of high-density cultures of Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells. The high-efficiency, cationic transfection reagent, coupled with an optimized transfection enhancer and culture feed, will power the highest possible level of protein expression from ExpiCHO-S™ Cells (Cat. No. A29127) cultured in ExpiCHO™ Expression Medium (Cat. No. A2910001).

The ExpiFectamine CHO Transfection Kit:
• Achieves greater than 90% transfection efficiency of high-density suspension CHO cell culture, with matching transfection enhancer and culture feed to boost transfection performance and protein expression
• Requires one-third to one-half less plasmid DNA than other transfection reagents while achieving superior expression performance
• Provides options for three transient expression protocols for maximal work flexibility while still fitting into the same overall workflow used by other transient expression systems, such as FreeStyle™ MAX CHO and Expi293™
• Enables robust and reproducible transfection results, giving you greater confidence in your results
• Demonstrates linear scalability of transfections from culture volumes of <1 mL to >10 L

The ExpiFectamine CHO Transfection Kit is specifically designed to work with ExpiCHO-S Cells in the ExpiCHO™ Expression System Kit. The transfection kit supplies the cationic ExpiFectamine™ CHO Transfection Reagent, ExpiFectamine™ CHO Transfection Enhancer, and ExpiCHO Feed.