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Can I dilute the SuperSignal ELISA Pico Chemiluminescent Substrate working reagent if my signal is too intense? Product FAQ

Answer

We do not recommend diluting the working reagent. It is better to dilute or otherwise optimize primary and or secondary antibody concentrations or use more washes between incubation steps.

Answer Id:: E8489

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Can I dilute the SuperSignal ELISA Femto Maximum Sensitivity Substrate working reagent if my signal is too intense? Product FAQ

Answer

We do not recommend diluting the working reagent. It is better to dilute or otherwise optimize primary and or secondary antibody concentrations or use more washes between incubation steps.

Answer Id:: E8483

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When should I use the Versette Automated Liquid Handler vs. the Multidrop Combi Reagent Dispenser? Product FAQ

Answer

The Versette Automated Liquid Handler is the perfect solution for applications that require aspiration of liquid, plate transfers/reformatting, mixing, serial dilutions, and other common plate preparations performed using hand held pipettes in the lab.

The Multidrop Combi Reagent Dispenser should be used for fast bulk reagent dispensing and plate preparation.

Answer Id:: E17161

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Do particles in the reagent affect dispensing with the Multidrop Combi? Product FAQ

Answer

Possibly. It is recommended that you ensure that there are no particles greater than 50 μm in the reagent to avoid blockage of the tips, especially when working with small tube cassettes.

Answer Id:: E16744

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How does the SuperSignal ELISA Pico Chemiluminescent Substrate compare with QuantaBlu Fluorogenic Peroxidase Substrate? Product FAQ

Answer

QuantaBlu Fluorogenic Peroxidase Substrate is a fluorescent detection reagent for HRP and provides attamole sensitivity. SuperSignal ELISA Pico Chemiluminescent Substrate is strictly chemiluminescent.

Answer Id:: E8490

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What do Reagent Sets contain, how many samples can I process, and how can I check if a Reagent Set is available for my target? Product FAQ

Answer

Reagent Sets contain Capture Antibody, Detection Antibody, Recombinant Standard, HRP Conjugate, TMB Substrate and Stop Solution. Each contains enough reagents to process five 96-well plates. Reagent Sets are included in the main list of ELISA (https://www.thermofisher.com/us/en/home/life-science/protein-biology/protein-assays-analysis/elisa/antibody-pair-kits.html) kits (search by “Reagent Set”).

Answer Id:: E12614

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What is the typical format of an ELISA kit and what is included in each kit? Product FAQ

Answer

All ELISA kits are provided in the sandwich ELISA format with capture antibody already coated onto a 96 well plate. Typical detection uses a biotinylated detection antibody followed by Streptavidin-HRP and HRP substrate. Most kits are available as single 96-well plate kits, some are available as 2- and 5-plate kits. Kits typically contain:

96 Well Strip Plate coated with capture antibody
Standard protein
Wash buffer, 10x
ELISA buffer/Diluent, 10x
Detection antibody (in most kits, biotinylated)
HRP Reagent (either secondary antibody or streptavidin conjugated to HRP)(100x)
Substrate (usually TMB)
Stop solution
Adhesive plate covers

Answer Id:: E12612

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How do I reduce the background in immunodetection methods (such as ELISA, electrophoretic transfer, membrane-bound immunodetection, immunocytochemistry, immunofluorescence microscopy, and flow cytometry)? Product FAQ

Answer

In general, high background can be a result of one or more of the following:

(1) Blocking was insufficient. Increase concentration of blocking agent. Increase incubation time with blocking agent. Try alternate blocking agent.

(2) Reagents were too concentrated. Dilute primary antibody, secondary antibody, and/or streptavidin or avidin conjugate. Use recommended substrate concentration.


ELISA-specific suggestions for reducing high background:
-Debris or other component interfered with plate reading. Centrifuge or filter turbid samples before use. Blood-derived samples exhibiting excessive hemolysis or lipemia may interfere with detection and increase background. Use care in pipetting into or out of the wells to avoid air bubbles in the wells (break any air bubbles remaining on plate). Increase wash volumes to more effectively remove residual reagents. Add one or more soaking steps to the plate washing protocol.
-Blocking was insufficient. Increase the concentration of blocking agent. Try alternate blocking agent.

Membrane-bound-specific suggestions for reducing high background:
-Blocking was insufficient. Try alternate blocking agents such as BSA, casein, or nonfat dried milk (nonfat dried milk may contain endogenous biotin or phosphatase activity that may interfere with detection). Increase the concentration of blocking agent.
-Bands or spots appeared in the absence of primary antibody. Dilute the secondary antibody or the streptavidin or avidin conjugate to avoid non-specific interactions. Try alternate reagents. Try alternate detection schemes.
Immunocytochemistry-specific suggestions for reducing high background:
-Blocking was insufficient. Use more blocking agent (such as BSA or control serum).
-Tissues were allowed to dry during incubation. Use humidified chambers for incubation steps.
-Cell or tissue contained large amounts of endogenous biotin (when using avidin/streptavidin system). Block with sequential applications of streptavidin and biotin before using a streptavidin-based system. If endogenous biotin is excessively high, switch to an antibody-based secondary detection system.
-If HRP-based detection is used, remember to inactivate endogenous peroxidase activity in the sample.
-Slide contained excessive adhesive. Reduce the amount of adhesive used.
-Paraffin residue remained on sample. Use more changes of xylene or longer time in xylene.
-Tissue was necrotic. Use alternate tissue, if possible.

Immunofluorescence microscopy-specific suggestions for reducing high background:
-Autofluorescence occurred. Use glass instead of plastic specimen support. Use different coverslip mounting medium. Use another fluorochrome that emits at a different wavelength.
-Filters in microscope were incorrect. Use combinations of excitation and emission filters to select only the wavelengths of interest.
-Dirt on objective. Clean objective.
-Non-specific binding caused by fluorescent dyes can be blocked with Image-iT FX signal enhancer (Cat. No. I36933).

Answer Id:: E3967

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I see very weak to no color development after my ELISA. What happened? Product FAQ

Answer

Here are possible causes and solutions:

Reagents not at room temperature (approximately 25 plus or minus 2 degrees C) at start of assay. Allow all reagents to warm to room temperature prior to commencing the assay.
Incorrect storage of components, e.g., not stored at 2-8 degrees C. Store all components exactly as directed in the protocol and on labels.
Anti-rabbit IgG HRP or streptavidin-HRP working solution made more than 15 minutes before use in assay. Use the diluted anti-rabbit IgG HRP or streptavidin-HRP within 15 minutes of dilution.
Expired reagents.Check expiration dates upon receipt of kit and use the kit prior to expiration.
Plate read at incorrect wavelength. The correct wavelength to read ELISAs using the TMB substrate is 450 nm.
TMB solution lost activity. Ensure that the TMB solution is clear before it is dispensed into the plate wells. A blue color and/or the presence of particulate matter indicate that the product is contaminated. Please contact Technical Support if this problem is noted. To avoid contamination, we recommend that the quantity required for an assay be dispensed into a previously unused disposable trough for pipetting. Discard any TMB solution left in the trough and do not put it back in the bottle. Avoid contact between the TMB solution and items containing metal ions. Do not cover your plates with aluminum foil or aluminum-coated Mylar sheets because this can cause color development in the absence of HRP.
Attempt to measure analyte in a matrix for which the ELISA assay is not optimized. Contact Technical Support when using alternative sample types.
Wells have been scratched with pipette tip or washing tips. Use caution when dispensing into and aspirating out of microwells.
Incorrect chromogen or stop solution used. Use only the chromogen and stop solution supplied with the kit.
Standard diluent buffer added to all wells rather than the designated wells. Follow the protocol and only add the standard diluent to the designated wells and to the samples where it is required, or to samples producing signals greater than that of the highest standard.
Use of buffer containing azide, which is not compatible with HRP. Avoid the use of azide in the assay.

Answer Id:: E12632

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The background is high in my ELISA. How can I lower the background? Product FAQ

Answer

Our standard procedure usually produces an assay with a background <0.2 OD. If a background higher than 0.2 OD is observed, we suggest the following steps:
1) Shorten incubation times, especially the substrate incubation. This will result in lowering the overall signal.
2) Decrease the concentration of the streptavidin-HRP conjugate.
3) Include a greater number of washing steps.
4) Increase soak time.
5) Try a lower binding capacity ELISA plate.
6) Increase blocking time or try an alternative blocking agent.
7) Optimize the standard diluent buffer formulation by adding additional animal protein.

Answer Id:: E5188

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Blocking Agent and Detergent in ELISA Product Literature

Rat EGFR ELISA Kit Product Information Sheet Manual / Product Insert

Catalog # ERA10RB

Human TIM-4 ELISA Kit Product Information Sheet Manual / Product Insert

Catalog # EH455RB

Human TIM-1 (HAVCR1) ELISA Kit Manual / Product Insert

  • Version: Rev. 1 (10 Feb 15)
Catalog # EHHAVCR1
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