Product FAQ

How can I increase my chances of successful extraction of FFPE samples in terms of DNA quality and yield?

Answer

There are a number of factors that can impact the overall quality and yield of DNA isolated from FFPE tissues. Here are recommendations to address several key factors:

- Upstream tissue procurement and tissue specimen preparation - if possible, tissues should be fixed within one hour of surgical resection. The optimal fixation time is 12-24 hours using neutral-buffered formalin or paraformaldehyde. Fixed tissues should be thoroughly dehydrated prior to the embedding process.
- Block storage - storage of blocks without cut faces, when possible, prevents ongoing damage from exposure to atmospheric oxygen, water, and other environmental factors such as light and infestation (fungi, insects, etc.).
- Tissue type, size, and amount being used for DNA isolation - the recommended tissue thickness is 10-20 µm. The number of sections used is determined by the tissue type (which impacts cell density) and surface area (recommended size: 50-300 mm^2). Excess starting material can cause filter clogging, resulting in poor yield.
- Excessive amount of paraffin used for embedding tissues - when possible, excess paraffin should be trimmed away prior to starting the purification protocol. For xylene-based purification methods, two xylene treatments at room temperature should be sufficient for complete deparaffinization. If desired, a more rigorous 37-55 degrees C treatment can be performed for up to 30 minutes. After the xylene deparaffinization, it is crucial that the 100% ethanol is completely removed and the pellets are dry after the two 100% ethanol washes. The magnetic bead method employs novel chemistries to deal with the paraffin that limits input to 20 µm sections.

Read more about extraction of nucleic acids from FFPE samples here (http://www.thermofisher.com/us/en/home/references/Invitrogen-tech-support/rna-isolation/general-articles/extraction-of-nucleic-acids-from-ffpe-samples.html).

Answer Id: E7674

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