From raw material testing, process monitoring, failure analysis, and QA testing.
In the electronics sector, most palladium is used for multi-layer ceramic (chip) capacitors (MLCC). MLCCs store energy in electronic devices such as broadcasting equipment, mobile telephones, computers, electronic lighting and high voltage circuits. Read this early 2015 post on platinum group metals used in electronics.
Rechargeable lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) are key components for portable electronics, medical devices, industrial equipment and automobiles. They are light weight, provide high energy density and recharge without memory effects. The first step in understanding fundamental processes and degradation mechanism in LIBs is understanding how they operate.
Copper Indium Gallium Selenide (CIGS) is a direct bandgap semiconductor used in the manufacturing of solar cells. Because CIGS strongly absorbs sunlight, less material is required than for other semiconductor materials and this has led to the production of improved photovoltaics. Energy-Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence (EDXRF) as a truly nondestructive technique is ideal for the characterization of CIGS solar cells, to determine both layer composition and thickness.
New initiatives regarding toxic substances are being implemented around the world. The European Union’s Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS) industry initiatives are in place to produce electronic and electrical equipment that do not contain certain toxic substances, including lead, mercury, and cadmium.
Access a targeted collection of scientific application notes, case studies, videos, webinars and white papers for chemical, electronic, power and energy, plastics and polymers, and paints and pigments analysis.