Infectious diseases are illnesses resulting from the invasion of pathogenic organisms such as bacteria, viruses, fungi, or other parasites. Through a series of immune responses, the immune system makes a large quantity of antibodies, attacks invaders, eliminates foreign substances from the body, and protects people from infections. When immunity is impaired, uncontrolled infection leads to disease. Infectious diseases have plagued human populations throughout history and continue to destroy millions of lives every year. Thermo Fisher Scientific offers a wide range of Invitrogen antibodies, designed to dependably detect the key targets of infectious diseases. Each antibody is verified for use in various applications.

Learn how the novel coronavirus known as SARS-CoV-2 infects human cells and the most common antibody targets to use in the detection and research of the virus that causes COVID-19.

Applications

Invitrogen antibodies are designed to dependably detect key targets of infectious diseases. .

Immunofluorescent analysis of Varicella Zoster Virus

Immunofluorescent analysis of Varicella Zoster virus-infected human lung fibroblast cells using a Varicella zoster Virus monoclonal antibody (Cat. No. MA1-90605) at a dilution of 1:20.

Immunohistochemistry analysis of helicobacter pylori

IHC analysis of Helicobacter pylori formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded human stomach stained with anti-Helicobacter pylori (Cat. No. PA5-16813), using AEC chromogen. Note staining of Helicobacter pylori on the surface of stomach gastric crypts.

Western blot analysis of Dengue Virus Type 2 NS4B

Western blot analysis of Dengue Virus Type 2 NS4B using A) 30 µg BHK-21 whole cell extract (B) 30 µg whole cell extract of Dengue virus type 2 infected BHK-21 cells and C) 30 µg whole cell extract of Dengue virus type 3 infected BHK-21 cells. Samples were loaded onto a 12% SDS-PAGE gel and probed with a Dengue Virus Type 2 NS4B polyclonal antibody (Cat. No. PA5-27887) at a dilution of 1:5000.

Categories of infectious disease research antibodies

Viral infections and research antibodies for detection

All viruses are capsules with a core of genetic material, either RNA or DNA. Viruses can't survive without a live host, which can be an animal, plant, or bacterium. When a virus infects a host, it invades and exploits the host cells to produce new viruses. Most viruses cause infectious diseases and present cell-, tissue-, or organ-specific viral infections. For example, the hepatitis virus specifically attacks liver cells. Viral infectious diseases can range from the common cold, flu, and warts to severe illnesses such as HIV/AIDS, yellow fever, hemorrhagic fever, and Zika.

Virus name (Infection/disease)AntibodiesTarget aliases
Adenovirus (Adenovirus infection)AdenovirusAdeno Virus; Adeno Virus 2; Adeno Virus 5; AdV; AdV-2; AdV-5; HADV; HADV-2; HADV-5
Adenovirus HexonAdeno Virus; AdV; HADV; HAdVC_gp08
Adenovirus Type 1Adeno Virus; Adeno Virus 1; AdV; AdV-1; HADV; HADV-1
Adenovirus Type 2Adeno Virus; Adeno Virus 2; AdV; AdV-2; HADV; HADV-2
Adenovirus Type 2 E1AAdeno Virus; Adeno Virus 2; AdV; AdV-2; HADV; HADV-2
Adenovirus Type 2 FiberAdeno Virus; Adeno Virus 2; AdV; AdV-2; HADV; HADV-2
Adenovirus Type 2 HexonAdeno Virus; Adeno Virus 2; AdV; AdV-2; HADV; HADV-2
Adenovirus Type 2/5Adeno Virus; Adeno Virus 2; Adeno Virus 5; AdV; AdV-2; AdV-5; HADV; HADV-2; HADV-5
Adenovirus Type 3Adeno Virus; Adeno Virus 3; AdV; AdV-3; HADV; HADV-3
Adenovirus Type 5Adeno Virus; Adeno Virus 5; AdV; AdV-5; HADV; HADV-5
Adenovirus Type 5 HexonAdeno Virus; Adeno Virus 5; AdV; AdV-5; HADV; HADV-5
Adenovirus Type 7Adeno Virus; Adeno Virus 7; AdV; AdV-7; HADV; HADV-7
Bovine Papillomavirus (Common in cattle)Bovine Papilloma VirusBPV
Bovine Papilloma Virus Type 1 E2BPV; BPV Protein E2; BPV-1; BPV1-E2
Canine Parvovirus (Mainly affecting dogs)Canine ParvovirusCPV
Cytomegalovirus (CMV infection)Cytomegalovirus 65 kda Late AntigenCMV; HHV5gp078
Cytomegalovirus 45 kda Late AntigenCMV
Cytomegalovirus gB Late AntigenCMV
Cytomegalovirus gH Late AntigenCMV; HHV5gp070
Cytomegalovirus IE 70 kDa AntigenCMV
Cytomegalovirus IE 72 kDa AntigenCMV
Cytomegalovirus IE Early AntigenCMV
Cytomegalovirus pp65CMV; HHV5gp078
Cytomegalovirus UL97CMV
Dengue Virus (Dengue fever)Dengue Virus Type 1-4Dengue pan
Dengue Virus Type 1-4 EnvelopeDengue 2 envelope; Dengue envelope; Dengue pan; Dengue Virus 2 Envelope
Dengue Virus Type 2Dengue Virus Type 2
Dengue Virus Type 2 Capsidcapsid protein; Dengue capsid
Dengue Virus Type 2 EnvelopeDengue Virus Type 2 Envelope
Dengue Virus Type 2 NS1Dengue NS1; NS1; NS1 protein
Dengue Virus Type 2 NS2BDengue NS2; NS2; NS2 protein
Dengue Virus Type 2 NS3Dengue NS3; NS3; NS3 protein
Dengue Virus Type 2 NS4ADengue NS4; NS4; NS4 protein
Dengue Virus Type 2 NS4BDengue NS4; NS4; NS4 protein
Dengue Virus Type 2 NS5Dengue NS5; NS5; NS5 protein
Dengue Virus Type 2 PrMDengue 2 prm; Dengue prm; Dengue Virus 2 Prm; PrM protein
Ebola Virus (Ebola hemorrhagic fever)Ebola VirusDengue Virus Type 2 PrM
Epstein Barr Virus (Infectious mononucleosis)Epstein Barr VirusEBV
Epstein Barr Virus Bam H1 Z Early AntigenEBV; EBV EA; EBV early
Epstein Barr Virus Bcl-2EBV
Epstein Barr Virus Ea-DEBV; EBV EA; EBV EAD; EBV early
Epstein Barr Virus Early AntigenEBV; EBV EA; EBV early
Epstein Barr Virus Early Antigen p55.50EBV; EBV EA; EBV early
Epstein Barr Virus gp250/350EBV gp250; EBV gp350
Epstein Barr Virus LMPEBV; EBV Latent membrane protein
Epstein Barr Virus LMP2AEBV; EBV Latent membrane protein
Epstein Barr Virus Nuclear Antigen 1EBNA-1; EBV nuclear antigen 1
Epstein Barr Virus Nuclear Antigen 3CEBNA-3C; EBV nuclear antigen 1
Epstein Barr Virus p18EBV p18
Epstein Barr Virus VCAEBV; EBV VCA
Feline Leukemia Virus (Infecting cats)Feline Leukemia VirusFLV
Feline Leukemia Virus gp70FLV
Feline Leukemia Virus P15EFLV
Feline Leukemia Virus p27FLV
Hepatitis A virus (Hepatitis A )Hepatitis A Virus VirionsHAVgp1; HepA
Hepatitis A Virus Vp3HAVgp1; HepA
Hepatitis B virus (Hepatitis B)Hepatitis B Small S ProteinHepatitis B Small S Protein
Hepatitis B Virus Core AntigenHepatitis B virus nucleocapsid particles; HepB
Hepatitis B Virus EHBVgp4; HepB
Hepatitis B Virus preS2HBVgp4; HepB
Hepatitis B Virus SurfaceHBsAg; Hepatitis B Surface Antigen; HepB; HepB surface antigen
Hepatitis B Virus Surface Ad/AyHBsAg; HBVgp2; Hepatitis B Surface Antigen; HepB; HepB ad; HepB ay; HepB surface antigen
Hepatitis B Virus Surface AywHBsAg; HBVgp2; Hepatitis B Surface Antigen; HepB; HepB ayw; HepB surface antigen
Hepatitis B Virus XHBV x Core Protein; HBVgp3; HepB X
Hepatitis C virus (Hepatitis C)Hepatitis C Virus Core AntigenHCV core; HepC; HepC core
Hepatitis C Virus Core Antigen EnvelopeHCV core; HCV envelope; HepC; HepC core; HepC envelope
Hepatitis C Virus Core Antigen NS3/NS4HCV core; HepC; HepC core
Hepatitis C Virus E1HCV E1; HCV genotype 2A; HCV2a Envelope glycoprotein E1; HepC
Hepatitis C Virus NS3HCV; HCV NS3; HepC; HepC NS3
Hepatitis C Virus NS4, NS4a, NS4bHCV; HCV NS4; HepC; HepC NS4
Hepatitis C Virus NS5, NS5a, NS5bHCV; HCV NS5; HepC; HepC NS5; NICE-3
Hepatitis E virus (Hepatitis E)Hepatitis E VirusHepE
Hepatitis G virus (Hepatitis G)Hepatitis G VirusGB Virus Type C; GB Virus Type C E2; GBC glycoprotein E2; GBV-C envelope glycoprotein E2; HepG
Hepatitis G Virus E2GB Virus Type C; GB Virus Type C E2; GBC glycoprotein E2; GBV-C envelope glycoprotein E2; HepG
Herpes simplex virus (Herpes simplex)Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1/2Herpes Simplex 1; Herpes Simplex 2; Herpes Simplex I; Herpes Simplex II; Herpes Simplex Type 1; HHV; HHV-2; HSV; HSV 1/2; HSV I/II; HSV Type 1; HSV Type 2; HSV Type II; HSV-2; HSV1; HSV2; Human herpes virus 2
Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1/2 gBGlycoprotein B; Herpes Simplex 1; Herpes Simplex 2; Herpes Simplex I; Herpes Simplex II; Herpes Simplex Type 1; HHV; HHV-2; HSV; HSV 1/2; HSV I/II; HSV Type 1; HSV Type 2; HSV Type II; HSV-2; HSV1; HSV2; Human herpes virus 2
Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1/2 gDHerpes Simplex 1; Herpes Simplex 2; Herpes Simplex I; Herpes Simplex II; Herpes Simplex Type 1; HHV; HHV-2; HSV; HSV 1/2; HSV I/II; HSV Type 1; HSV Type 2; HSV Type II; HSV-2; HSV1; HSV2; Human herpes virus 2
Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1/2 Nuclear AntigenHerpes Simplex 1; Herpes Simplex 2; Herpes Simplex I; Herpes Simplex II; Herpes Simplex Type 1; HHV; HHV-2; HSV; HSV 1/2; HSV 
HSV Type 1Herpes Simplex 1; Herpes Simplex I; Herpes Simplex Type 1; HHV; HSV; HSV Type 1; HSV1
HSV Type 1 gCHerpes Simplex 1; Herpes Simplex I; Herpes Simplex Type 1; HHV; HSV; HSV Type 1; HSV1
HSV Type 1 gDHerpes Simplex 1; Herpes Simplex I; Herpes Simplex Type 1; HHV; HSV; HSV Type 1; HSV1
HSV Type 1 ICP8Herpes Simplex 1; Herpes Simplex I; Herpes Simplex Type 1; HHV; HSV; HSV Type 1; HSV1
HSV Type 2Herpes Simplex 2; Herpes Simplex II; HHV-2; HSV Type 2; HSV Type II; HSV-2; HSV2; Human herpes virus 2
HSV Type 2 gBGlycoprotein B; Herpes Simplex 2; Herpes Simplex II; HHV-2; HSV Type 2; HSV Type II; HSV-2; HSV2; Human herpes virus 2
HSV Type 2 gDHerpes Simplex 2; Herpes Simplex II; HHV-2; HSV Type 2; HSV Type II; HSV-2; HSV2; Human herpes virus 2
HSV Type 2 gEGlycoprotein E; Herpes Simplex 2; Herpes Simplex II; HHV-2; HSV Type 2; HSV Type II; HSV-2; HSV2; Human herpes virus 2
HSV Type 2 gGGlycoprotein G; Herpes Simplex 2; Herpes Simplex II; HHV-2; HSV Type 2; HSV Type II; HSV-2; HSV2; Human herpes virus 2
HSV Type 2 NPHerpes Simplex 2; Herpes Simplex II; HHV-2; HSV Type 2; HSV Type II; HSV-2; HSV2; Human herpes virus 2
HSV Type 6 90kDa GlycoproteinHHV-6; HHV-6 gp
HSV Type 6 CapsidHHV-6
HSV Type 6 Early AntigenHHV-6; HHV-6 EA
HSV Type 6 EnvelopeHHV-6; HHV-6 Envelope
HSV Type 6 U69GCVK; HHV6Z; Human herpesvirus 6B U69
HSV Type 7 U12HHV-7; Human herpesvirus 7; U12
HSV Type 8HHV-8
HIV (AIDS)HIV1 gp120HIV Glycoprotein 120; HIV-1 Glycoprotein 120; Human immunodeficiency virus
HIV1 gp41HIV Glycoprotein 41; HIV-1 Glycoprotein 41; Human immunodeficiency virus
HIV1 HTLV-3Human immunodeficiency virus
HIV1 IntegraseHuman immunodeficiency virus
HIV1 nefHuman immunodeficiency virus
HIV1 p17Human immunodeficiency virus
HIV1 p24HIV p24; HIV1gp1; Human immunodeficiency virus
HIV1 p55HIV p55; Human immunodeficiency virus
HIV1 ProteaseHIV protease; HIV1gp1; Human immunodeficiency virus
HIV1 Rev Group MHIV group M; HIV-1 Rev region 33-48; Human immunodeficiency virus; Regulator of Virion
HIV1 Reverse TranscriptaseHIV RT; Human immunodeficiency virus
HIV1 TatBH10; HIV-1 Tat region 6 -12; Human immunodeficiency virus
HIV1 VifHuman immunodeficiency virus; viral infectivity factor; virion infectivity factor
HIV1 VirionsHuman immunodeficiency virus
HIV2 gp36Human immunodeficiency virus
HIV2 NefF-protein; HIV2 nef protein; Human immunodeficiency virus 2 nef; Nefprotein; Negative factor
Influenza A (Avian Influenza)Avian Influenza H5N1 NeuraminidaseAvian H5N1; H5N1; Influenza A Neuraminidase
Avian Influenza H5N3 HAAvian H5N3; H5N3; Influenza A Hemagglutinin
Avian Influenza HAAvian Hemagglutinin; Influenza A Hemagglutinin
Avian Influenza HA Type 2Avian Hemagglutinin 2; Influenza A Hemagglutinin
Avian Influenza HA Type 3Avian Hemagglutinin 3; Influenza A Hemagglutinin
Influenza A (Influenza A)Influenza A H1N1H1N1; Influenza H1N1
Influenza A H1N1 HAH1N1 HA; H1N1 hemagglutinin; Influenza H1N1
Influenza A H1N1 NAH1N1 NA; H1N1 Nuclear antigen; Influenza H1N1; Influenza Nuclear Antigen
Influenza A H1N1 NSH1N1; H1N1 NS; Influenza H1N1
Influenza A H1N1 VirionsH1N1; H1N1 virions; Influenza H1N1
Influenza A H3N2H3N2; Influenza H3N2
Influenza A H3N2 HAH3N2 HA; H3N2 hemagglutinin; Influenza H3N2
Influenza A H3N2 M1H3N2; H3N2 M1; H3N2 Matrix protein; Influenza H3N2
Influenza A H3N2 VirionsH3N2; H3N2 virions; Influenza H3N2
Influenza A H5Influenza H5; Influenza NP-A
Influenza A H6N1 HAH6N1 HA; H6N1 hemagglutinin; Influenza H6N1
Influenza A H6N1 MP1H6N1 Major Protein 1; H6N1 MP1; Influenza H6N1
Influenza A H6N1 NPH6N1 NP; H6N1 Nuclear Protein; Influenza H6N1
Influenza A H7N7 HAH7N7 HA; H7N7 hemagglutinin; Influenza H7N7
Influenza A H9N2 HAH9N2 HA; H9N2 hemagglutinin; Influenza H9N2
Influenza A HAH1N1 HA; H1N1 hemagglutinin; Influenza H1N1
Influenza A M1Influenza A M1
Influenza A M2Influenza M2; Influenza Matrix protein M2
Influenza A NPInfluenza nucleoprotein
Influenza A NS1Influenza NS1
Influenza A NS2Influenza NS2
Influenza A PAInfluenza A Protective Antigen; Influenza PA; Influenza Protective Antigen
Influenza A PB1Influenza PB1
Influenza A PB2Influenza PB2
Influenza B (Human Influenza)Influenza B HAInfluenza B hemagglutinin; Influenza HA; Influenza hemagglutinin
Influenza B NAInfluenza B NA
Influenza B NPInfluenza B Nuclear Protein; Influenza NP; Influenza Nuclear Protein
Influenza B VirionsInfluenza Virions
Marburg Virus (Marburg virus disease)Marburg VirusMarburg Virus
ParaInfluenza Virus (Parainfluenza)ParaInfluenza Virus Type 1hPIV-1; Parainfluenza Virus Type 1; PIV-1
ParaInfluenza Virus Type 1 Fusion ProteinhPIV-1; hPIV-1 Fusion protein; Parainfluenza Virus Type 1; PIV-1; PIV-1 Fusion protein
ParaInfluenza Virus Type 2hPIV-2; Parainfluenza Virus Type 2; PIV-2
ParaInfluenza Virus Type 2 HAhemagglutinin-Neuraminidase; hPIV-2; HPIV2gp7; Human parainfluenza virus type 2; PIV-2 hemagglutinin; PIV2 HA
ParaInfluenza Virus Type 2/3hPIV-2; Parainfluenza Virus Type 2; Parainfluenza Virus Type 3; PIV-2; PIV-3
ParaInfluenza Virus Type 3hPIV-3; Parainfluenza Virus Type 3; PIV-3
ParaInfluenza Virus Type 3 HAhPIV-3; HPIV3gp7; Parainfluenza Virus Type 3; PIV-3; PIV-3 hemagglutinin; PIV-3 hemagglutinin-Neuraminidase
Poliovirus (Poliomyelitis)Poliovirus Type 1Poliovirus Type 1
Poliovirus Type 1-3PV-2; PV-3
Poliovirus Type 2PV-2
Rabies Virus (Rabies)Rabies VirusRabies Virus
Rotavirus (Rotavirus disease)RotavirusReoviridae; Rotavirus gastroenteritis
Rotavirus A VP6Reoviridae; Rotavirus gastroenteritis
Rotavirus CapsidReoviridae; Rotavirus gastroenteritis
Rotavirus NCDVNebraska calf diarrhea virus; Reoviridae; Rotavirus gastroenteritis
Respiratory Syncytial Virus (Lung and respiratory tract infection)RSVhuman respiratory syncytial virus; RSV
RSV Fusion Proteinhuman respiratory syncytial virus; RSV; RSV Fusion protein; Rsvgp08
RSV Glycoprotein Ghuman respiratory syncytial virus; RSV; RSV Glycoprotein G
RSV M2human respiratory syncytial virus; RSV; RSV M2; RSV Matrix protein 2
RSV NPhuman respiratory syncytial virus; RSV; RSV NP; RSV Nuclear Protein
RSV strain A2human respiratory syncytial virus; RSV; RSV A2
RSV strain B1human respiratory syncytial virus; RSV; RSV B1
RSV strain RSS-2human respiratory syncytial virus; RSV; RSV RSS-2
SARS coronavirus (SARS)SARS Coronavirus 3bSARS 3b
SARS Coronavirus E2SARS E2
SARS Coronavirus MatrixSARS Matrix Protein
SARS Coronavirus NPSARS NP; SARS Nuclear Protein
SARS Coronavirus NucleocapsidSARS Nucleocapsid
SARS Coronavirus Spike ProteinSARS Spike Protein
SARS Envelope ProteinEC 6.1.1.11; SARS; Serine--tRNA ligase; SERS; Seryl-tRNA synthetase, cytoplasmic
SV40SV40 Virus Large T AntigenSimian vacuolating virus 40; Simian virus 40
Vaccinia Virus (Vaccinia)Vaccinia VirusVaccinia Virus
Vaccinia Virus A27LVaccinia Virus A27L
Vaccinia Virus Free formVaccinia Virus Free form
Vaccinia Virus H1LVaccinia Virus H1L
Varicella zoster virus (Chickenpox)Varicella zoster VirusVaricellovirus; VZV
West Nile Virus (West Nile fever)West Nile Virus Core AntigenWest Nile Core; WNV core
West Nile Virus EnvelopeWest Nile envelope; WNV envelope
West Nile Virus Glycoprotein MWest Nile envelope; WNV envelope; WNV Glycoprotein M
West Nile Virus NS3 ProteaseWest Nile Virus NS3 Protease
Yellow fever virus (Yellow fever)Yellow FeverYellow Fever
Zika Virus (Zika Virus disease)Zika Virus NS1Nonstructural protein 1; NS1; ZIKV NS1; ZIKV-NS1

Bacterial infections and research antibodies for detection

Bacteria can survive in different environments, including extremely hot and cold conditions. Most bacteria are harmless, and some actually colonize intestines and help to digest food. Only about 1% of bacteria encountered by humans cause disease. Examples include Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Streptococcus, Shigella, and Salmonella species.

Bacteria name (Infection/disease)AntibodiesTarget aliases
Bacillus (Anthrax)Bacillus anthracis Lethal FactorAnthrax Lethal Factor; Anthrax LF; B. anthracis Lethal Factor; B. anthracis LF; Bacillus anthracis LF
Bacillus anthracis Protective AntigenAnthrax PA; Anthrax Protective Antigen; B. anthracis PA; B. anthracis Protective Antigen; Bacillus anthracis PA
Bacillus anthracis Spore AntigenAnthrax Spore; B. anthracis Spore; Bacillus anthracis Spore
Bacillus Spore AntigenAnthrax Spore; Bacillus Spore
Borrelia burgdorferi (Lyme disease)Borrelia burgdorferiB. burgdorferi; Borrelia; Lyme disease
Chlamydia trachomatis (Chlamydia)Chlamydia trachomatis EBsC. trachomatis
Chlamydia trachomatis LPSC. trachomatis Lipopolysaccharide; Chlamydia trachomatis Lipopolysaccharide
Chlamydia trachomatis MOMPC. trachomatis major outer membrane protein; C. trachomatis MOMP
Clostridia (Clostridial diseases)ClostridiaClostridium
Clostridium botulinum Toxin Abotulinum; botulinum toxin; C. botulinum
Clostridium botulinum Toxin DC. botulinum Toxin D; C. botulinum Toxoid D
Clostridium botulinum Toxin EBoNT/E; Bontoxilysin E; C. botulinum Toxin E; C. botulinum Toxoid E
Clostridium difficile Toxin AC. difficile Toxin A; C. difficile Toxoid A; TcdA
Clostridium difficile Toxin BC. difficile Toxin B; C. difficile Toxoid B; TcdB
Clostridium perfringensC. perfringens
Clostridium perfringens Toxin B/CC. perfringens; C. perfringens Toxin B; C. perfringens Toxoid B; pCPF5603_62
Clostridium tetani Tetanus ToxinC. tetani
E. coli (E. coli infection)E. coli J5 LPSEscherichia coli
E. coli serotype 987P PiliEscherichia coli
E. coli serotype K88Ab PiliEscherichia coli
E. coli serotype K99 PiliEscherichia coli
E. coli serotype OEscherichia coli
E. coli serotype O/KEscherichia coli
E. coli serotype O157Escherichia coli
Enterococcus (Enterococcal infection)EnterococcusEnterococcus
Haemophilus Influenzae (Haemophilus influenzae disease)Haemophilus Influenzae BHaemophilus b; Hib
Helicobacter pylori (Helicobacter pylori infection)Helicobacter pyloriCampylobacter pyloridis; H. pylori
Helicobacter pylori 19 kDaCampylobacter pyloridis; H. pylori
Helicobacter pylori 54 kDaCampylobacter pyloridis; H. pylori
Helicobacter pylori 58 kDaCampylobacter pyloridis; H. pylori
Helicobacter pylori urease BCampylobacter pyloridis; H. pylori
Listeria (Listeria infection)ListeriaL. monocytogenes
Listeria monocytogenesL. monocytogenes
Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Tuberculosis )Mycobacterium tuberculosisM. tuberculosis; myobacter
Mycobacterium tuberculosis 16 kDaM. tuberculosis; myobacter
Mycobacterium tuberculosis 38 kDaM. tuberculosis; myobacter
Mycobacterium tuberculosis 40kDaM. tuberculosis; myobacter
Mycobacterium tuberculosis Ag85M. tuberculosis; myobacter
Mycobacterium tuberculosis CFP-10M. tuberculosis; myobacter
Mycobacterium tuberculosis ESAT-6M. tuberculosis; myobacter
Mycobacterium tuberculosis HSP65Heat shock protein 65; M. tuberculosis; myobacter
Neisseria meningitidis (Meningococcal disease )Neisseria meningitidisMeningococcus; Neisseria meningitidis
Pseudomonas (Pseudomonas infections)PseudomonasPseudomonas
Pseudomonas aeruginosaP. aeruginosa
Salmonella (Salmonella)SalmonellaSalmonellae
Salmonella LPSSalmonellae
Shigella (Shigellosis)ShigellaShigella
Shigella dysenteriae 1shigella; Shigella dysenteriae; shigellosis
Staphylococcus aureus (Staphylococcus aureus infection)Staphylococcus aureusS. aureus
Staphylococcus Enterotoxin AStaphylococcus
Staphylococcus Enterotoxin BStaphylococcus
Staphylococcus Enterotoxin panStaphylococcus
Staphylococcus epidermidisS. epidermidis
Streptococcus (Streptococcal infection)Streptococcus agalactiaeS. agalactiae
Streptococcus Group AStreptococcus
Streptococcus Group BStreptococcus
Streptococcus pneumoniaePneumococcus; S. pneumoniae
Streptococcus pyogenes Group AS. pyogenes

Parasitic infections and research antibodies for detection

Parasites are organisms that live on/in a host and get nutrients to survive, which ultimately harms the host. In general, three types of organisms cause parasitic diseases: protozoa, helminths, and ectoparasites. Protozoa such as Cryptosporidium parvum, Giardia lamblia, Plasmodium falciparum, and Toxoplasma gondii cause protozoan infections. Helminths, commonly known as parasitic worms, include flatworms, tapeworms, and roundworms. Ectoparasites live and/or feed on the outside of their host and include fleas, mosquitoes, and mites. Parasitic infections are more common in rural or developing areas. Malaria (caused by several species of Plasmodium, especially P. falciparum) is one of the deadliest parasitic diseases. There are also several common parasitic infections found in the United States, including cryptosporidiosis, trichomoniasis, and giardiasis.

Parasite name (Infection/disease)AntibodiesTarget aliases
Cryptosporidium parvum (Cryptosporidiosis)Cryptosporidium parvum OocystsCryptosporidiosis; Cryptosporidium parvum
Giardia lamblia (Giardiasis)Giardia lamblia 65 kDaG. lamblia
Giardia lamblia cystsGiardia lamblia cysts
Plasmodium falciparum (Plasmodium falciparum infection)Plasmodium falciparumP. falciparum
Plasmodium falciparum HRP-2P. falciparum
Plasmodium falciparum MSP1P. falciparum
Plasmodium falciparum Schizont Infected RBCP. falciparum Schizont Infected Red Blood Cell
Toxoplasma gondii (Toxoplasmosis)Toxoplasma gondiiToxoplasma gondii
Toxoplasma gondii 38 kDaT. gondii
Toxoplasma gondii MIC3T. gondii
Toxoplasma gondii P30T. gondii
Toxoplasma gondii SAG1T. gondii
Trichomonas vaginalis (Trichomoniasis)Trichomonas vaginalisT. vaginalis
Trichomonas vaginalis p65T. vaginalis

Fungal infections and research antibodies for detection

Fungi live everywhere in the environment, and in the human body. Most fungi are not dangerous, and less than 1% of fungi are known to be pathogenic to humans. Two categories of fungal infections are opportunistic fungal infections and primary fungal infections. Opportunistic fungal infections, which usually affect individuals with weakened immune systems, are often very aggressive and sometimes lethal. Aspergillosis, candidiasis, and mucormycosis are opportunistic fungal infections. Primary fungal infections develop much more slowly and usually do not spread to organs deep in the body.

Fungus name (Infection/disease)AntibodiesTarget aliases
Aspergillus (Aspergillosis)AspergillusAspergillus