- Synthetic miRNA mimics for miRNA functional analyses and miRNA target site validation
- Optimized design results in correct strand utilization by RISC
- Pre-designed molecules for all miRNAs listed in miRBase—custom design available
- Available individually or in full sets for miRNA screening
- Purified and ready to transfect
Search for Ambion® Pre-miR™ miRNA Precursors
Pre-miR™ miRNA Precursor Molecules
Ambion® Pre-miR™ miRNA Precursor Molecules are small, chemically modified double-stranded RNA molecules designed to mimic endogenous mature miRNAs. These ready-to-use miRNA mimics, which are similar to, but not identical to siRNAs, can be introduced into cells using transfection or electroporation parameters similar to those used for siRNAs. They enable detailed study of miRNA biological effects via gain-of-function experiments. Positive and negative control Pre-miR miRNA Precursors or the Pre-miR™ Precursor Starter Kit can be used to optimize transfection of Pre-miR miRNA Precursors.
Pre-miR miRNA Precursor Molecules have been carefully designed and modified to ensure that the correct strand, representing the desired mature miRNA, is taken up into the RNA-induced silencing-like complex responsible for miRNA activity. In contrast to miRNA expression vectors, these synthetic molecules can be used in dose response studies due to their introduction directly into the cell by transfection or electroporation. Thanks to their small size, they are easier to transfect than vectors, and can be delivered using conditions identical to those used for siRNAs.
Use of Pre-miR miRNA Precursors enable miRNA functional analysis by up-regulation of miRNA activity. Specific experimental designs include: miRNA target site identification and validation, screening for miRNAs that regulate the expression of a gene, and screening for miRNAs that affect a cellular process.
miRNA-related cellular functions identified through use of Pre-miR miRNA Precursors can be further investigated using Anti-miR™ miRNA Inhibitors, which enable loss-of-function experiments through reduction of miRNA activity.
NOTE: Pre-miR miRNA Precursors are not hairpin constructs and should not be confused with pre-miRNAs.
Pre-miR™ miRNA Precursor Negative Controls
Pre-miR Negative Controls are random sequence Pre-miR molecules that have been extensively tested in human cell lines and tissues and validated to not produce identifiable effects on known miRNA function. Cy™3 and FAM™ dye-labeled Pre-miR Negative Controls are also available for monitoring transfection efficiency in transfection experiments using Pre-miR miRNA Precursors. The fluorescent label enables direct observation of the cellular uptake, distribution, and localization of the control. These dye-labeled controls are labeled at their 5' end and have the same oligonucleotide sequence as unlabeled Negative Control #1.
Pre-miR™ hsa-miR-1 miRNA Precursor (Positive Control)
Pre-miR hsa-miR-1 miRNA Precursor is offered for use as a positive control in experiments utilizing Pre-miR miRNA Precursors. This precursor was chosen as a positive control because, upon delivery into cells, it effectively down regulates the expression of twinfilin-1, also known as PTK9, at the mRNA level. Effective delivery and activity of the Pre-miR hsa-miR-1 miRNA Precursor can be detected by real-time PCR using a TaqMan® Gene Expression Assay to PTK9 (Assay ID: Hs00702289_s1 [human], Mm01598980_g1 [mouse]).
Pre-miR™ miRNA Precursor Libraries
The Pre-miR miRNA Precursor Library - Human consists of 1090 miRNA mimics corresponding to 1,240 human mature miRNAs cataloged in version 15 of the miRBase Sequence Database. This collection of miRNA mimics enables rapid study of miRNA function and can be used to simplify identification of miRNAs that interact with a particular target transcript. Each Pre-miR miRNA Precursor is in a quantity of 0.25 nmol, dried in individual wells of a 96 well plate. This amount is sufficient for 250 transfections when used at 10 nM in 96 well plates. miRNA Precusor libraries plated as 1.0 nmol, dried in individual wells of a 96 well plate are also available.
- Name: Modulation of microRNA processing by p53.
Authors: Suzuki H.I., Yamagata K., Sugimoto K., Iwamoto T., Kato S., Miyazono K.
Journal: Nature. 2009 Jul 23;460(7254):529-33
Product usage: pre-miR-16, 26a, 107, 143, 145, 206
- Name: MicroRNAs to Nanog, Oct4 and Sox2 coding regions modulate embryonic stem cell differentiation.
Authors: Tay Y., Zhang J., Thomson A.M., Lim B., Rigoutsos I.
Journal: Nature. 2008 Oct 23;455(7216):1124-8
Product usage: pre-miR and anti-miR-134, 296, 470, 181a
- Name: Endogenous human microRNAs that suppress breast cancer metastasis.
Authors: Tavazoie S.F., Alarcón C., Oskarsson T., Padua D., Wang Q., Bos P.D., Gerald W.L., Massagué J.
Journal: Nature. 2008 Jan 10;451(7175):147-52
Product usage: anti-miR-335
- Name: Mutator activity induced by microRNA-155 (miR-155) links inflammation and cancer.
Authors: Tili E., Michaille J.J., Wernicke D., Alder H., Costinean S., Volinia S., Croce C.M.
Journal: Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2011 Mar 22;108(12):4908-13
Product usage: pre-miR-155, premiR-Neg, antimiR-155
- Name: A network connecting Runx2, SATB2, and the miR-23a~27a~24-2 cluster regulates the osteoblast differentiation program.
Authors: Hassan M.Q., Gordon J.A., Beloti M.M., Croce C.M., van Wijnen A.J., Stein J.L., Stein G.S., Lian J.B.
Journal: Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2010 Nov 16;107(46):19879-84
Product usage: pre-miR and anti-miR-23a, 27a and 24-2, Neg
- Name: Targeting of SMAD5 links microRNA-155 to the TGF-beta pathway and lymphomagenesis.
Authors: Rai D, Kim SW, McKeller MR, Dahia PL, Aguiar RC.
Journal: Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2010 Feb 16;107(7):3111-6
Product usage: pre-miR-155 & Neg, Anti-miR-155 & Neg
- Name: MicroRNAs regulate critical genes associated with multiple myeloma pathogenesis.
Authors: Pichiorri F., Suh S., Ladetto M., Kuehl M. et.al
Journal: PNAS. 2008
Product usage: pre-miR and anti-miR -181a,181b,32,25,92,93,106b
- Name: MicroRNA-210 regulates cancer cell proliferation through targeting fibroblast growth factor receptor-like 1 (FGFRL1).
Authors: Tsuchiya S., Fujiwara T., Sato F., Shimada Y., Tanaka E., Sakai Y., Shimizu K., Tsujimoto G.
Journal: J Biol Chem. 2011 Jan 7;286(1):420-8
Product usage: pre-miR-92a, anti-miR-92a, FAM-pre-miR-Neg, FAM-anti-miR-Neg
- Name: Profiling microRNA expression in hepatocellular carcinoma reveals microRNA-224 up-regulation and apoptosis inhibitor-5 as a microRNA-224-specific target.
Authors: Wang Y., Lee A.T., Ma J.Z., Wang J., Ren J., Yang Y., Tantoso E., Li K.B., Ooi L.L., Tan P., Lee C.G.
Journal: J Biol Chem. 2008 May 9;283(19):13205-15
Product usage: anti-miR221, 579, 125b
- Name: Translational Regulation of Utrophin by miRNAs.
Authors: Basu U., Lozynska O., Moorwood C., Patel G., Wilton S., Khurana T.
Journal: PLOS One 2011
Product usage: pre-mir and anti-miR--let-7c,-133b, 150,196b, 206,295-5p, Neg