Immunoprecipitation with Resins and Microcolumns
Perform IP experiments using beaded agarose support, MSIA microcolumns, or other affinity resin media.
Immunoprecipitation (IP) is the small-scale affinity purification of antigens using a specific antibody. IP enables researchers to enrich for low-abundance proteins in order to improve downstream analysis, such as identifying the activation status, determining post-translational modifications, or capturing protein-binding partners (co-immunoprecipitation, co-IP). Although researchers are increasingly choosing magnetic beads for IP-scale purification, agarose-based IP remains a versatile and powerful option in many circumstances, especially where the need for scale-up is anticipated.
MSIA™ D.A.R.T.S™ (pipette tips) and microcolumns provide automation-ready options for high-throughput, microscale immunoprecipitation or affinity purification of cleaner analytes with enhanced reproducibility.
Agarose bead-based immunoprecipitation
- More choices—agarose IP kits are available with chemistries for directly immobilizing antibodies or affinity ligands to capture antibodies, fusion, or biotinylated bait proteins.
- More formats—agarose resins are available in convenient kits or as standalone products for use in microcentrifuge tubes or several different sizes of spin cups and columns.
- High performance—agarose products are designed to maximize enrichment/interaction (i.e., capacity) and reduce background
Select the beaded agarose IP strategy that fits your experiment
|IP kits||co-IP Kits||Co-IP & pull-down kits for tagged proteins||Protein–nucleic acid pull-down kit|
|Goal||Enrichment||Capture protein-protein interaction||Capture protein-protein interaction||Capture protein-nucleic acid interaction|
|Strategy||Immobilized antibody against target protein||Immobilized antibody against target protein complex||Immobilized affinity ligand or antibody to bait protein complex||Immobilized antibody against target protein|
|Binding target||Native protein (antigen)||Native protein (antigen)||Recombinant or biotinylated bait protein||Native protein (antigen)|
|Interaction target||None||Proteins bound to native protein||Proteins bound to bait protein||DNA (chromatin) bound to native protein|
|Agarose base resin||Protein A/G Plus, AminoLink Plus, Glycolink||AminoLink Plus||Immobilized cobalt chelate, glutathione, anti-HA Ab, anti-c-Myc Ab, or streptavidin||ChIP-grade Protein A/G|
|Learn more||Learn more||Learn more||Order kit|
Looking for Dynabeads or other magnetic bead IP products? See Immunoprecipitation Products and Solutions.
Featured IP-related categories
Housed in a pipette tip, the proprietary MSIA microcolumns help to automate IP and affinity purification of even the rare target analytes from complex biological samples for large molecule analysis in pharma, clinical, and sports anti-doping field.
Find magnetic bead- and agarose bead-based kits using immunoaffinity or posttranslational modification–specific affinity binding to achieve protein enrichment and cleanup prior to mass spectrometry.
In addition to Chromatin Immunoprecipitation Assays (ChIP), Thermo Scientific offers complete and easy to use DNA and RNA Electrophoretic Mobility Shift Assay (EMSA) Kits, to study the binding of a protein to a known DNA or RNA oligonucleotide probe to assess the affinity of the interaction.
Select from resin- and filter-based columns and kits to enrich or purify protein samples for mass spectrometry analysis. Techniques include immunoprecipitation, enrichment by PTM (such as phosphoprotein enrichment), or active site labeling and enrichment using activity based probes.
Featured data about agarose-based immunoprecipitation options
Comparison of three different Thermo Scientific Pierce IP Kits.
Immunoprecipitations were performed according to the product instructions using 10 µg of affinity-purified goat anti-GFP antibody and the Pierce Direct,Classic and Crosslink IP Kits. The cell lysate was prepared using IP Lysis/Wash Buffer and pre-cleared using the Pierce Control Agarose Resin supplied in the kits. The immune complex was formed by incubating the antibody, resin, and lysate overnight. The resin was washed with IP Lysis/Wash Buffer, 1X Conditioning Buffer and eluted with Elution Buffer. For analysis, 4-20% tris-glycine gels were loaded with 20% of the eluted sample, 5% of the cell lysate load (Lysate) and 10% of the antibody load (IgG) and stained with Imperial Protein Stain. For the resin controls, the immunoprecipitation was performed without adding the antibody. MW: molecular weight markers.
The Thermo Scientific Pierce Agarose ChIP Kit has greater specific signal and less background than other kits.
A431 lung carcinoma cells were cultured in DMEM containing 10% FBS for 24 h. Following a 24 h serum withdrawal, half of the cultures plated were treated with 100 ng/mL EGF for 10 min. Crosslinking was achieved using 1% formaldehyde in the media for 10 min. ChIP assays were performed according to the manufacturers’ protocols. Quantitative real-time PCR data was obtained with a Bio-Rad iQ5 Thermocycler, ABsolute™ QPCR SYBR Green Fluorescein Master Mix, and primers designed to amplify a region of the human MYC promoter proximal to the transcription start site.
Co-immunoprecipitation of active E2F1:HA-tagged pRb complex.
HA-tagged pRb was expressed using a Pierce Human in vitro Expression System. 50 µL of the translation reaction was diluted to 200 µL in TBS and added to 15 µL of agarose resin and incubated for 1 h at 4°C as a non-specific pre-clearing step. The cleared translation reaction was added to 50 µL of anti-HA resin and incubated for 3 h at 4°C with end-over-end rocking. The resin was washed with 3 x 500 µL of TBS-T. HA-pRb:E2F1 complex was eluted with the addition of 30 µL of 2X non-reducing sample buffer. In vitro translation reactions without and with HA-pRb DNA (lanes 1 and 3, respectively) and anti-HA agarose elution fractions from each (lanes 2 and 4, respectively) were probed with an rabbit anti-E2F1 and mouse anti-HA and detected with Thermo Scientific SuperSignal West Dura Extended Duration Substrate.
- Overview of the Immunoprecipitation (IP) Technique
- Co-Immunoprecipitation (Co-IP)
- Chromatin IP (ChIP Assays)
- Pull-Down Assays
- Overview of Protein-Protein Interaction Analysis
- His-tagged Proteins–Production and Purification
- Crosslinking Protein Interaction Analysis
- Methods for Detecting Protein-DNA Interactions
- Methods for Detecting Protein-RNA Interactions
- Overview of Affinity Purification
- Covalent Immobilization of Affinity Ligands
- Avidin-Biotin Interaction
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures.