Novex Tris-Glycine Gels

Invitrogen Novex Tris-Glycine Gels are robust gels for a wide range of sample types and molecular weights. They offer sharp straight bands and easier-to-load, larger capacity wells, and can be used for denaturing or native PAGE applications.

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Novex Tris-Glycine Gel specifications

Available gel sizesMini: 8 cm x 8 cm (1.0 mm thick)
Midi: 8 cm x 13 cm (1.0 mm thick)
Storage conditions2–8°C
Shelf lifeUp to 12 months
Recommended sample bufferSDS-PAGE: Novex Tris-Glycine SDS Sample Buffer
Native-PAGE: Novex Tris-Glycine Native Sample Buffer
Recommended running buffersSDS-PAGE: Novex Tris-Glycine SDS Running Buffer
Native-PAGE: Novex Tris-Glycine Native Running Buffer
Recommended transfer buffersNovex Tris-Glycine Transfer Buffer
Gel chemistryTris-glycine
Available polyacrylamide concentrations6%, 8%, 10%, 12%, 14%, 16%, 4–12%, 4–20%, 8–16%, 10–20%
Separation range (denaturing)8–250 kDa
For use with (equipment) mini gelsMini Gel Tank or XCell SureLock Mini-Cell
For use with (equipment) midi gelsSureLock Tandem Midi Gel Tank, Invitrogen XCell4 SureLock Midi-Cell or Bio-Rad Criterion (with adapters only)
Mode of separationSDS-PAGE: Molecular weight
Native-PAGE: Intrinsic charge, molecular size
ApplicationsSDS-PAGE, Native-PAGE
Well type*Mini, WedgeWell format (load up to 60 µL per well): 10,12,15
Midi: 12+2, 20, 26

*Not all percentages are available in every well type

High capacity wells

The unique wedge-shaped well in every Invitrogen Novex Tris-Glycine Mini Gel provides higher loading capacity, so you can load up to twice as much protein sample in every well.

Well sizeRecommended loading volumeMaximum loading volumeMaximum protein load
10-well40 µL60 µL0.5 µg/band
12-well30 µL45 µL0.4 µg/band
15-well20 µL35 µL0.25 µg/band
17-well15 µL30 µL0.2 µg/band

Detect proteins even in dilute samples or measure expression of low-abundance proteins. With more room to load your sample, you no longer have to worry about sample spillover and cross-well contamination on your western blots. Gel loading is also easier with no need to use special gel-loading pipette tips.

Increased sample volume capacity of Novex Tris-Glycine Gels with high capacity WedgeWells

Increased sample volume capacity of Novex Tris-Glycine Gels, WedgeWell format. (A) Increasing volumes (20 μL–60 μL) of a fluorescent protein ladder were loaded in every other lane of an Invitrogen Novex Tris-Glycine 10-well Gel. (B) Increasing volumes (20 μL–60 μL) of the same fluorescent protein ladder were loaded in every other lane of supplier B gel. In gel B, sample spillover is observed as signal in lanes adjacent to the 50-μL and 60-μL load lanes.

Invitrogen Novex Tris-Glycine Mini Gels and Novex Tris-Glycine Plus Midi Gels are polyacrylamide gels based on traditional Laemmli protein electrophoresis, which allows the use of Laemmli sample and running buffers. Novex Tris-Glycine Gels offer reproducible separation of a wide range of proteins into well-resolved bands.

Features of the Novex Tris-Glycine Gels include:

  • Flexibility—use for native and denaturing protein gel electrophoresis
  • Wedge-shaped wells—easily load up to two times more sample volume (Mini only)
  • Fast run conditions—quickly separate your proteins using constant voltage in less than 60 minutes
  • Long shelf life—store gels for up to 12 months at 4°C
  • Better cell lysate loading capacity—Novex Tris-Glycine gels resolve lysate samples when other suppliers' gels smear

Novex Tris-Glycine Gels do not contain SDS and can be used to run your proteins in native or in denatured form. For denatured proteins, we recommend using tris-glycine SDS sample buffer and a tris-glycine SDS running buffer. For native proteins, we recommend using a tris-glycine native sample buffer and a tris-glycine native running buffer.

Novex Tris-Glycine Gels use a tris-glycine discontinuous buffer system with three ions primarily involved:

  • Chloride (–), supplied by the gel buffer, serves as the leading ion because it has the highest attraction to the anode relative to other anions in the system
  • Glycine (–), the primary anion provided by the running buffer, serves as the trailing ion, because it is only partially negatively charged and remains behind the more highly charged chloride ions in a charged environment
  • Tris base (+) is a common ion present in both the gel and the running buffers. During electrophoresis, the gel and buffer ions in the tris-glycine system form an operating pH of 9.5 in the separating region of the gel.

Novex Tris-Glycine Gel band quality

Novex Tris-Glycine Gels are designed to deliver well-resolved, straight bands with optimal band quality as compared to other commercially available precast gels.

High band quality is observed with Novex Tris-glycine gel compared to other commercial suppliers

Band quality with Novex Tris-Glycine gels. Protein ladders, purified proteins, and E. coli lysate were loaded on an Invitrogen Novex 4–20% Tris-Glycine Mini Gel, (A) and a 4–20% gradient gel (B). Straighter lanes with better lysate protein band sharpness and resolution are observed on gel (A). Lanes 1, 5, 10: 5 µL Thermo Scientific PageRuler Unstained Protein Ladder; lanes 2, 6, 9: 5 µL Invitrogen Mark12 Unstained Standard; lane 3: 10 µg E. coli lysate; lane 4: 6 µg BSA; lane 7: 6 µg hIgG; lane 8: 20 µg E. coli lysate.

Novex Tris-glycine gels deliver sharp straight bands

Novex Tris-Glycine Gels deliver sharp straight bands. Protein ladders and A431 cell lysate were loaded on a Novex Tris-Glycine Gel, 4–20% gradient and transferred to nitrocellulose using the Invitrogen iBlot 2 Gel Transfer Device. Lane 1: Invitrogen iBright Prestained Protein Ladder; Lane 2: Invitrogen MagicMark XP Western Protein Standard; Lanes 3–7: A431 cell lysate, 15 µg, 5 µg, 1.67 µg, 0.55 µg, 0.19 µg.

Protein integrity

With Novex Tris-Glycine Gels, you can achieve greater protein integrity as compared to other commercially available precast gels.

Novex Tris-Glycine gels offer increased protein integrity over other commercial gel suppliers

Novex Tris-Glycine Gels offer increased protein integrity. Protein ladder, purified proteins, and E. coli lysate were loaded on a  Novex 4–20% Tris-Glycine Mini Gel, (A) and a Bio-Rad TGX 4–20% gradient gel (B). The Bio-Rad TGX gel (B) displays numerous low molecular weight protein degradation products below major bands in lanes 3, 4, 7, 8. These are not seen in the Novex Tris-Glycine gel (A). Gel (A) also displays better lysate protein band sharpness and resolution than gel (B). Lanes 1, 10: 5 µL Mark12 Unstained Standard; lane 2: 10 µg E. coli lysate; lane 3: 6 µg catalase; lane 4: 6 µg carbonic anhydrase; lane 5: 6 µg lysozyme; lane 6: 6 µg hIgM ; lane 7: 6 µg BSA; lane 8: 6 µg beta-galactosidase; lane 9: 20 µg E. coli lysate.

Comparison of electrophoresis and western blotting of cell lysates using Novex midi gels versus Bio-Rad

The amount of protein you can load into a protein gel well affects the ability to detect the protein following protein gel electrophoresis or western blotting; the more you can load, the easier it is to detect. The protein load capacities of Invitrogen Novex Tris-Glycine Bis-Tris precast midi gels run in the SureLock Tandem Midi Gel Tank were compared against Bio-Rad Criterion midi gels run in a Bio-Rad Criterion Cell Midi Cell Tank using manufacturer instructions. Decreasing amounts of HEK 293 cell lysate prepared in RIPA lysis buffer (48–0.5 µg total protein) were denatured in the respective manufacturer’s sample buffer and subjected to electrophoresis using manufacturer instructions. The table below lists the samples, protein mass, and %RIPA buffer loaded in each lane.

Invitrogen Novex Tris-Glycine gels outperformed Bio-Rad gels at higher lysate loads with blots from Bio-Rad gels showing band loss and smearing at higher loads for all targets investigated.

Lane+1123456789101112+1
SampleSample bufferiBright Protein LadderHEK293 lysateiBright Protein LadderSample buffer
Load mass (µg)--484032241684210.5--
Load vol. (µL)332020202020202020202033
% RIPA buffer--4033.326.72013.36.73.31.70.80.4--

Protein gel electrophoresis of cell lysates

Novex 4–20% Tris-Glycine Plus offers superior cell lysate loading capacity above 24 µg and crisp, bright bands, whereas the Bio-Rad gel exhibits streaking, bowing of bands, and staining near the wells for samples greater than 4 µg,  indicating some protein had difficulty entering the gel
The protein and RIPA buffer load capacity of Novex 4–20% Tris-Glycine Plus midi gels exceeds that of Bio-Rad gels. After loading and electrophoresis, a Novex 4–20% Tris-Glycine Plus midi gel, 12+2 well, and a Bio-Rad 4–20% TGX midi gel, 12+2 well, were stained with SimplyBlue SafeStain. The Bio-Rad gel succumbs to protein and lysis buffer overloading above a load of 24 µg protein, resulting in streaking, bowing of bands, and bleed-over into the ladder lane at 48 µg. Above loads of 4 µg protein, staining near the wells indicates some protein has had difficulty entering the gel.  The Novex 4–20% Tris-Glycine Plus midi gel provides better protein band sharpness and resolution versus the Bio-Rad 4–20% TGX gel under these loading conditions.  

Comparison of protein blotting and western detection of cell lysates

Western blots using Novex 4–20% Tris-Glycine Plus midi gels display sharper bands at greater protein and RIPA lysis buffer loads than Bio-Rad 4–20% TGX midi gels. The Bio-Rad blot shows streaking, bowing of bands above 24 µg protein, and bleed-over into the ladder lane for total protein analysis. With immunoblotting, the Bio-Rad blot shows band loss and smearing at higher loads for all targets.
Western blots using Novex 4–20% Tris-Glycine Plus midi gels display sharper bands at greater protein and RIPA lysis buffer loads than Bio-Rad 4–20% TGX midi gels.  A Novex 4–20% Tris-Glycine Plus midi gel, 12+2 well, was loaded with decreasing total protein amount of HEK293 lysate, subjected to electrophoresis in a SureLock Tandem Midi Gel Tank and transferred onto a 0.45 µm PVDF membrane using the SureLock Tandem Blot Module. In parallel, a Bio-Rad 4-20% TGX midi gel, 12+2 well, was subjected to electrophoresis in a Criterion Midi Cell Tank and transferred onto a 0.45 µm PVDF membrane using the Criterion Blotter. Both membranes were analyzed for total protein using the No-Stain Protein Labeling Reagent, followed by chemiluminescent immunodetection of three targets: Vinculin, α-Tubulin, and p23. The Bio-Rad blot shows streaking, bowing of bands above 24 µg protein, and bleed-over into the ladder lane for total protein analysis. With immunoblotting, the Bio-Rad blot shows band loss and smearing at higher loads for all targets. For immunodetection: membranes were blocked for 1 hour in 1X Blocker FL Fluorescent Blocking Buffer. For chemiluminescent detection: the membranes were probed overnight with a mixture of primary antibodies diluted in blocking solution: Rabbit-anti Vinculin (1:30,000), Rat anti-α Tubulin (1:15,000), and Mouse-anti p23 (1:60,000) followed by an incubation with secondary antibodies in 1X Blocker FL: Donkey anti-Rabbit HRP (1:5,000),  Donkey anti-Rat HRP (1:30,000), and Donkey anti-Mouse HRP (1:240,000) for 1 hour.  Membranes were incubated for 5 minutes with SuperSignal West Dura Extended Duration Substrate and imaged for the same amount of time on an iBright Imaging System. 

Migration patterns for Novex Tris-Glycine Gels

Mini Gels

Migration pattern for Novex Tris-Glycine Mini gels

Midi Gels

Migration pattern for Novex Tris-glycine Plus midi gels

Novex Tris-Glycine Gel specifications

Available gel sizesMini: 8 cm x 8 cm (1.0 mm thick)
Midi: 8 cm x 13 cm (1.0 mm thick)
Storage conditions2–8°C
Shelf lifeUp to 12 months
Recommended sample bufferSDS-PAGE: Novex Tris-Glycine SDS Sample Buffer
Native-PAGE: Novex Tris-Glycine Native Sample Buffer
Recommended running buffersSDS-PAGE: Novex Tris-Glycine SDS Running Buffer
Native-PAGE: Novex Tris-Glycine Native Running Buffer
Recommended transfer buffersNovex Tris-Glycine Transfer Buffer
Gel chemistryTris-glycine
Available polyacrylamide concentrations6%, 8%, 10%, 12%, 14%, 16%, 4–12%, 4–20%, 8–16%, 10–20%
Separation range (denaturing)8–250 kDa
For use with (equipment) mini gelsMini Gel Tank or XCell SureLock Mini-Cell
For use with (equipment) midi gelsSureLock Tandem Midi Gel Tank, Invitrogen XCell4 SureLock Midi-Cell or Bio-Rad Criterion (with adapters only)
Mode of separationSDS-PAGE: Molecular weight
Native-PAGE: Intrinsic charge, molecular size
ApplicationsSDS-PAGE, Native-PAGE
Well type*Mini, WedgeWell format (load up to 60 µL per well): 10,12,15
Midi: 12+2, 20, 26

*Not all percentages are available in every well type

High capacity wells

The unique wedge-shaped well in every Invitrogen Novex Tris-Glycine Mini Gel provides higher loading capacity, so you can load up to twice as much protein sample in every well.

Well sizeRecommended loading volumeMaximum loading volumeMaximum protein load
10-well40 µL60 µL0.5 µg/band
12-well30 µL45 µL0.4 µg/band
15-well20 µL35 µL0.25 µg/band
17-well15 µL30 µL0.2 µg/band

Detect proteins even in dilute samples or measure expression of low-abundance proteins. With more room to load your sample, you no longer have to worry about sample spillover and cross-well contamination on your western blots. Gel loading is also easier with no need to use special gel-loading pipette tips.

Increased sample volume capacity of Novex Tris-Glycine Gels with high capacity WedgeWells

Increased sample volume capacity of Novex Tris-Glycine Gels, WedgeWell format. (A) Increasing volumes (20 μL–60 μL) of a fluorescent protein ladder were loaded in every other lane of an Invitrogen Novex Tris-Glycine 10-well Gel. (B) Increasing volumes (20 μL–60 μL) of the same fluorescent protein ladder were loaded in every other lane of supplier B gel. In gel B, sample spillover is observed as signal in lanes adjacent to the 50-μL and 60-μL load lanes.

Invitrogen Novex Tris-Glycine Mini Gels and Novex Tris-Glycine Plus Midi Gels are polyacrylamide gels based on traditional Laemmli protein electrophoresis, which allows the use of Laemmli sample and running buffers. Novex Tris-Glycine Gels offer reproducible separation of a wide range of proteins into well-resolved bands.

Features of the Novex Tris-Glycine Gels include:

  • Flexibility—use for native and denaturing protein gel electrophoresis
  • Wedge-shaped wells—easily load up to two times more sample volume (Mini only)
  • Fast run conditions—quickly separate your proteins using constant voltage in less than 60 minutes
  • Long shelf life—store gels for up to 12 months at 4°C
  • Better cell lysate loading capacity—Novex Tris-Glycine gels resolve lysate samples when other suppliers' gels smear

Novex Tris-Glycine Gels do not contain SDS and can be used to run your proteins in native or in denatured form. For denatured proteins, we recommend using tris-glycine SDS sample buffer and a tris-glycine SDS running buffer. For native proteins, we recommend using a tris-glycine native sample buffer and a tris-glycine native running buffer.

Novex Tris-Glycine Gels use a tris-glycine discontinuous buffer system with three ions primarily involved:

  • Chloride (–), supplied by the gel buffer, serves as the leading ion because it has the highest attraction to the anode relative to other anions in the system
  • Glycine (–), the primary anion provided by the running buffer, serves as the trailing ion, because it is only partially negatively charged and remains behind the more highly charged chloride ions in a charged environment
  • Tris base (+) is a common ion present in both the gel and the running buffers. During electrophoresis, the gel and buffer ions in the tris-glycine system form an operating pH of 9.5 in the separating region of the gel.

Novex Tris-Glycine Gel band quality

Novex Tris-Glycine Gels are designed to deliver well-resolved, straight bands with optimal band quality as compared to other commercially available precast gels.

High band quality is observed with Novex Tris-glycine gel compared to other commercial suppliers

Band quality with Novex Tris-Glycine gels. Protein ladders, purified proteins, and E. coli lysate were loaded on an Invitrogen Novex 4–20% Tris-Glycine Mini Gel, (A) and a 4–20% gradient gel (B). Straighter lanes with better lysate protein band sharpness and resolution are observed on gel (A). Lanes 1, 5, 10: 5 µL Thermo Scientific PageRuler Unstained Protein Ladder; lanes 2, 6, 9: 5 µL Invitrogen Mark12 Unstained Standard; lane 3: 10 µg E. coli lysate; lane 4: 6 µg BSA; lane 7: 6 µg hIgG; lane 8: 20 µg E. coli lysate.

Novex Tris-glycine gels deliver sharp straight bands

Novex Tris-Glycine Gels deliver sharp straight bands. Protein ladders and A431 cell lysate were loaded on a Novex Tris-Glycine Gel, 4–20% gradient and transferred to nitrocellulose using the Invitrogen iBlot 2 Gel Transfer Device. Lane 1: Invitrogen iBright Prestained Protein Ladder; Lane 2: Invitrogen MagicMark XP Western Protein Standard; Lanes 3–7: A431 cell lysate, 15 µg, 5 µg, 1.67 µg, 0.55 µg, 0.19 µg.

Protein integrity

With Novex Tris-Glycine Gels, you can achieve greater protein integrity as compared to other commercially available precast gels.

Novex Tris-Glycine gels offer increased protein integrity over other commercial gel suppliers

Novex Tris-Glycine Gels offer increased protein integrity. Protein ladder, purified proteins, and E. coli lysate were loaded on a  Novex 4–20% Tris-Glycine Mini Gel, (A) and a Bio-Rad TGX 4–20% gradient gel (B). The Bio-Rad TGX gel (B) displays numerous low molecular weight protein degradation products below major bands in lanes 3, 4, 7, 8. These are not seen in the Novex Tris-Glycine gel (A). Gel (A) also displays better lysate protein band sharpness and resolution than gel (B). Lanes 1, 10: 5 µL Mark12 Unstained Standard; lane 2: 10 µg E. coli lysate; lane 3: 6 µg catalase; lane 4: 6 µg carbonic anhydrase; lane 5: 6 µg lysozyme; lane 6: 6 µg hIgM ; lane 7: 6 µg BSA; lane 8: 6 µg beta-galactosidase; lane 9: 20 µg E. coli lysate.

Comparison of electrophoresis and western blotting of cell lysates using Novex midi gels versus Bio-Rad

The amount of protein you can load into a protein gel well affects the ability to detect the protein following protein gel electrophoresis or western blotting; the more you can load, the easier it is to detect. The protein load capacities of Invitrogen Novex Tris-Glycine Bis-Tris precast midi gels run in the SureLock Tandem Midi Gel Tank were compared against Bio-Rad Criterion midi gels run in a Bio-Rad Criterion Cell Midi Cell Tank using manufacturer instructions. Decreasing amounts of HEK 293 cell lysate prepared in RIPA lysis buffer (48–0.5 µg total protein) were denatured in the respective manufacturer’s sample buffer and subjected to electrophoresis using manufacturer instructions. The table below lists the samples, protein mass, and %RIPA buffer loaded in each lane.

Invitrogen Novex Tris-Glycine gels outperformed Bio-Rad gels at higher lysate loads with blots from Bio-Rad gels showing band loss and smearing at higher loads for all targets investigated.

Lane+1123456789101112+1
SampleSample bufferiBright Protein LadderHEK293 lysateiBright Protein LadderSample buffer
Load mass (µg)--484032241684210.5--
Load vol. (µL)332020202020202020202033
% RIPA buffer--4033.326.72013.36.73.31.70.80.4--

Protein gel electrophoresis of cell lysates

Novex 4–20% Tris-Glycine Plus offers superior cell lysate loading capacity above 24 µg and crisp, bright bands, whereas the Bio-Rad gel exhibits streaking, bowing of bands, and staining near the wells for samples greater than 4 µg,  indicating some protein had difficulty entering the gel
The protein and RIPA buffer load capacity of Novex 4–20% Tris-Glycine Plus midi gels exceeds that of Bio-Rad gels. After loading and electrophoresis, a Novex 4–20% Tris-Glycine Plus midi gel, 12+2 well, and a Bio-Rad 4–20% TGX midi gel, 12+2 well, were stained with SimplyBlue SafeStain. The Bio-Rad gel succumbs to protein and lysis buffer overloading above a load of 24 µg protein, resulting in streaking, bowing of bands, and bleed-over into the ladder lane at 48 µg. Above loads of 4 µg protein, staining near the wells indicates some protein has had difficulty entering the gel.  The Novex 4–20% Tris-Glycine Plus midi gel provides better protein band sharpness and resolution versus the Bio-Rad 4–20% TGX gel under these loading conditions.  

Comparison of protein blotting and western detection of cell lysates

Western blots using Novex 4–20% Tris-Glycine Plus midi gels display sharper bands at greater protein and RIPA lysis buffer loads than Bio-Rad 4–20% TGX midi gels. The Bio-Rad blot shows streaking, bowing of bands above 24 µg protein, and bleed-over into the ladder lane for total protein analysis. With immunoblotting, the Bio-Rad blot shows band loss and smearing at higher loads for all targets.
Western blots using Novex 4–20% Tris-Glycine Plus midi gels display sharper bands at greater protein and RIPA lysis buffer loads than Bio-Rad 4–20% TGX midi gels.  A Novex 4–20% Tris-Glycine Plus midi gel, 12+2 well, was loaded with decreasing total protein amount of HEK293 lysate, subjected to electrophoresis in a SureLock Tandem Midi Gel Tank and transferred onto a 0.45 µm PVDF membrane using the SureLock Tandem Blot Module. In parallel, a Bio-Rad 4-20% TGX midi gel, 12+2 well, was subjected to electrophoresis in a Criterion Midi Cell Tank and transferred onto a 0.45 µm PVDF membrane using the Criterion Blotter. Both membranes were analyzed for total protein using the No-Stain Protein Labeling Reagent, followed by chemiluminescent immunodetection of three targets: Vinculin, α-Tubulin, and p23. The Bio-Rad blot shows streaking, bowing of bands above 24 µg protein, and bleed-over into the ladder lane for total protein analysis. With immunoblotting, the Bio-Rad blot shows band loss and smearing at higher loads for all targets. For immunodetection: membranes were blocked for 1 hour in 1X Blocker FL Fluorescent Blocking Buffer. For chemiluminescent detection: the membranes were probed overnight with a mixture of primary antibodies diluted in blocking solution: Rabbit-anti Vinculin (1:30,000), Rat anti-α Tubulin (1:15,000), and Mouse-anti p23 (1:60,000) followed by an incubation with secondary antibodies in 1X Blocker FL: Donkey anti-Rabbit HRP (1:5,000),  Donkey anti-Rat HRP (1:30,000), and Donkey anti-Mouse HRP (1:240,000) for 1 hour.  Membranes were incubated for 5 minutes with SuperSignal West Dura Extended Duration Substrate and imaged for the same amount of time on an iBright Imaging System. 

Migration patterns for Novex Tris-Glycine Gels

Mini Gels

Migration pattern for Novex Tris-Glycine Mini gels

Midi Gels

Migration pattern for Novex Tris-glycine Plus midi gels
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