Lutetium • Lanthanide Rare Earth

Primary XPS region: Lu4d
Overlapping regions: N/A
Binding energies of common chemical states: N/A

 

Experimental information

N/A

 

Interpretation of XPS spectra

N/A

 

About this element
Element Crystal hex

Symbol: Lu
Date of discovery: 1907
Name origin: from Lutetia
Appearance: silvery
Discoverer: Georges Urbain
Obtained from: gadolinite, xenotime

Melting point: 1656 K
Boiling point: 3402 K
Density[kg/m3]: 9.85
Molar volume: 17.78 × 10-6 m3/mol
Protons/Electrons: 71
Neutrons: 104
Shell structure: 2,8,18,32,9,2
Electron configuration: [Xe]4f145d16s2
Oxidation state: 3
Crystal structure: hexagonal

Found with almost all other rare earth metals, but never by itself, lutetium is extremely difficult to isolate. Consequently, it is one of the most expensive metals, costing about six times as much per gram as gold. Not surprisingly, lutetium has no large-scale practical uses. Stable lutetium nuclides can be used as catalysts in cracking, alkylation, hydrogenation, and polymerization processes. It is used as a catalyst in refineries for petroleum cracking. Lutetium aluminum garnet has been proposed for use as a lens material in high refractive index immersion lithography.

 

element_lutetium

Products

Nexsa G2 XPS

  • Micro-focus X-ray sources
  • Unique multi-technique options
  • Dual-mode ion source for monoatomic & cluster ion depth profiling
Style Sheet for Instrument Cards Original

K-Alpha XPS

  • High resolution XPS
  • Fast, efficient, automated workflow
  • Ion source for depth profiling

ESCALAB Xi+ XPS

  • High spectral resolution
  • Multi-technique surface analysis
  • Extensive sample preparation and expansion options

Contact us

Style Sheet for Global Design System
Style Sheet for Komodo Tabs
Style Sheet to change H3 to p with em-h3-header class
Style Sheet to change H2 style to p with em-h2-header class
Style Sheet for Products Table Specifications
Style Sheet for Global Design System
Style Sheet for Komodo Tabs
Style Sheet to change H3 to p with em-h3-header class
Style Sheet to change H2 style to p with em-h2-header class
Style Sheet for Products Table Specifications
Fix for left nav
Style Sheet for Support and Service footer
Style Sheet for Fonts
Style Sheet for Cards

Electron microscopy services for
the materials science

To ensure optimal system performance, we provide you access to a world-class network of field service experts, technical support, and certified spare parts.