The HIV protease (PR) hydrolyzes polyproteins of HIV virus into functional protein products that are essential for its assembly and subsequent activity. This maturation process occurs as the virion buds from the host cell. HIV protease inhibitors are used in the treatment of patients with AIDS and were considered the first breakthrough in over a decade of AIDS research. HIV protease inhibitors can lower the viral load carried by AIDS patents.
HIV protease; HIV1gp1; Human immunodeficiency virus