DNA replication, recombination and repair, all of which are necessary for genome stability, require the presence of exonucleases. In DNA replication, these enzymes are involved in the processing of Okazaki fragments, whereas in DNA repair, they function to excise damaged DNA fragments and correct recombinational mismatches. Exonucleases involved in these processes include DNA polymerases, including DNA pol delta and epsilon. DNA pol delta consists of two subunits-p125 which interacts directly with the sliding DNA clamp protein PCNA, and p50. DNA pol delta can be regulated by cell cycle proteins. DNA pol epsilon is a multiple subunit enzyme, the catalytic subunit of which is encoded by the POL2 gene. The exact reactions catalyzed by DNA pol delta and epsilon on leading and lagging strands have not yet been elucidated.
DNA pol epsilon B; DNA pol epsilon2; DNA pol epsilonB; DNA polymerase epsilon subunit 2; DNA polymerase epsilon subunit B; DNA polymerase II subunit 2; DNApol epsilon2; DNApol epsilonB; DPE2; POLE2; polymerase (DNA directed), epsilon 2 (p59 subunit); polymerase (DNA directed), epsilon 2, accessory subunit; polymerase (DNA) epsilon 2, accessory subunit