Slc1a6 encodes a protein that is a glutamate transporters, also known as excitatory amino acid transporters (EAATs), are sodium- and potassium-dependent members of the solute carrier family 6 (SLC1), widely distributed throughout the brain. There are five EAAT subtypes, each with a specific distribution. Sodium-dependent, high-affinity amino acid transporter that mediates the uptake of L-glutamate and also L-aspartate and D-aspartate. Slc1a6 functions as a symporter that transports one amino acid molecule together with two or three Na(+) ions and one proton, in parallel with the counter-transport of one K(+) ion. Slc1a6 also mediates Cl(-) flux that is not coupled to amino acid transport and this avoids the accumulation of negative charges due to aspartate and Na(+) symport. Further, Slc1a6 [lays a redundant role in the rapid removal of released glutamate from the synaptic cleft, which is essential for terminating the postsynaptic action of glutamate (Probable). Diseases associated with SLC1A6 include Dicarboxylic Aminoaciduria.
Excitatory amino acid transporter 4; Sodium-dependent glutamate/aspartate transporter; solute carrier family 1 (high affinity aspartate/glutamate transporter), member 6; Solute carrier family 1 member 6