Histone H3 is one of the DNA-binding proteins found in the chromatin of all eukaryotic cells. H3 along with four core histone proteins binds to DNA forming the structure of the nucleosome. Histones play a central role in transcription regulation, DNA repair, DNA replication and chromosomal stability. Post translationally, histones are modified in a variety of ways to either directly change the chromatin structure or allow for the binding of specific transcription factors. The N-terminal tail of histone H3 protrudes from the globular nucleosome core and can undergo several different types of post-translational modification that influence cellular processes. These modifications include the covalent attachment of methyl or acetyl groups to lysine and arginine amino acids and the phosphorylation of serine or threonine.
Acetyl H3; Acetyl Histone H3; Acetyl-H3 K9; Acetyl-H3 Lys9; Acetyl-Histone H3 K9; Acetyl-Histone H3 Lys9; B0035.7; BUR5; CELE_T10C6.12; CG31613; CG31613-PA; CG33803; CG33806; CG33809; CG33812; CG33815; CG33818; CG33821; CG33824; CG33827; CG33830; CG33833; CG33836; CG33839; CG33842; CG33845; CG33848; CG33851; CG33854; CG33857; CG33860; CG33863; CG33866; Dmel\CG31613; Dmel_CG31613; F07B7.10; F07B7.3; F08G2.2; F17E9.13; F35H10.1; F45F2.4; F54E12.5; F55G1.10; H02I12.7; H3; H3 histone; H3 histone family, member A; H3 histone family, member I; H3 histone family, member K; H3 histone family, member L; H3 histone family, member M; H3 histone, family 2; H3 histone, family 3A; H3 histone, family 3B; H3 histone, family 3B (H3.3B); H3 histone, family 3B.1; H3 histone, family 3C; H3 K9ac; H3.1-221; H3.1-291; H3.1-I; H3.2; H3.2-221; H3.2-614; H3.2-615; H3.2-616; h3.2a; H3.3A; H3.3B; H3.5; H3/A; H3/b; H3/d; H3/f; H3/i; H3/j; H3/k; H3/l; H3/M; H3/n; H3/o; H3-143; H3-291; H3-3A; H3-3B; h3-5; H3-53; H3-614; H3a; H3b; H3-B; H3C1; H3c10; H3c11; H3C12; H3C2; H3C3; H3C4; H3C6; H3C7; H3C8; H3f; H3-F; H3F1K; H3F2; H3F3; H3F3A; H3F3B; h3f3b.1; H3F3C; h3f3d; H3FA; H3FB; H3FC HIST1H3C; H3FD; H3FF; H3FH; H3FI; H3FJ; H3FK; H3FL; H3FM; H3FN; H3g; H3h; H3i; H3K9; H3Lys9ac; h3r; HHT1; HHT2; his-12; his-16; his-19; his-21; His3; his-3; His3:CG31613; His3:CG31613-PA; His3:CG33803; His3:CG33806; His3:CG33809; His3:CG33812; His3:CG33815; His3:CG33818; His3:CG33821; His3:CG33824; His3:CG33827; His3:CG33830; His3:CG33833; His3:CG33836; His3:CG33839; His3:CG33842; His3:CG33845; His3:CG33848; His3:CG33851; His3:CG33854; His3:CG33857; His3:CG33860; His3:CG33863; His3:CG33866; his-30; his-33; his-43; his-47; his-51; his-53; his-57; his-61; his-65; his-68; his-7; Hist1; HIST1H3A; HIST1H3B; Hist1h3c; HIST1H3D; HIST1H3E; Hist1h3f; hist1h3g; hist1h3g.L; HIST1H3H; Hist1h3i; HIST1H3J; hist2h3; HIST2H3A; Hist2h3b; HIST2H3C; Hist2h3c1; Hist2h3c2; Hist2h3c2-ps; Hist2h3ca1; Hist2h3ca2; HIST2H3D; histone 1, H3a; histone 1, H3b; histone 1, H3f; histone 1, H3h; histone 2, H3a; histone 2, H3c; histone 2, H3c2; histone 2, H3ca2; Histone 3; histone cluster 1, H3a; histone cluster 1, H3b; histone cluster 1, H3f; histone cluster 1, H3g protein L homeolog; histone cluster 1, H3h; histone cluster 2, H3a; histone cluster 2, H3c; histone cluster 2, H3c2; histone cluster 2, H3c2, pseudogene; histone gene complex 1; Histone H2A; Histone H3; histone H3.1; Histone H3.2; histone H3.3; histone H3.3A; histone H3.3C; Histone H3.5; histone H3/a; Histone H3/b; Histone H3/c; Histone H3/d; Histone H3/f; Histone H3/h; Histone H3/i; Histone H3/j; Histone H3/k; histone H3/l; Histone H3/m; histone H3/o; Histone H3K9; Histone H3K9ac; histone variant H3.5; hypothetical protein LOC550262; K06C4.11; K06C4.3; M32461; N2749; PP781; SIN2; T10C6.12; T23D8.6; wu:fa25h06; wu:fa96g06; wu:fb07a08; wu:fb36f01; XELAEV_18028537mg; YBR010W; YBR0201; YNL031C; zgc:110292; zgc:174300; zgc:56193; zgc:56418; zgc:64222; zgc:86731; ZK131.10; ZK131.6