AKAPs (A-kinase anchoring proteins), as their name implies, are a family of scaffolding proteins that bind regulatory subunits of Protein Kinase A (PKA) thus localizing PKA activity to distinct regions of the cell. Beyond a common amphipathic alpha helix that is responsible for recruiting the PKA regulatory subunit (RI alpha, RII alpha, RI beta, or RII beta), individual AKAPs contain additional domains responsible for the recrutiment of additional signaling proteins (phosphodiesterases, phosphatases, cytoskeletal components, other kinase, etc.) or restricting AKAP to a specific subcellular location. AKAP5 (also known as P75, AKAP75, or AKAP79) is predominantly expressed in neuronal tissues and cells where it serves to localize type II PKA to post-synaptic densities. AKAP5 specifically binds to the regulatory subunit of PKAII beta, anchoring the enzyme to the plasma membrane and sites of cytoskeletal/membrane junctions. The other binding domains of AKAP5 have been shown to interact with calmodulin, PP2B, and calcineurin suggesting that AKAP5 may act to coordinate the cAMP- and Ca2+-sensing pathways in various cell types.
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Protein Aliases: A kinase (PRKA) anchor protein 5; A kinase anchor protein 5; A kinase anchor protein 79kDa; A-kinase anchor protein 5; A-kinase anchor protein 79 kDa; A-kinase anchoring protein 75/79; AKAP 5; AKAP 79; AKAP-5; AKAP5; AKAP75; AKAP79; cAMP-dependent protein kinase regulatory subunit II high affinity-binding protein; H21
Gene Aliases: AKAP5; AKAP75; AKAP79; H21
UniProt ID: (Human) P24588
Entrez Gene ID: (Human) 9495