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TFAP2A is a sequence-specific DNA-binding protein that interacts with inducible viral and cellular enhancer elements to regulate transcription of selected genes. AP-2 factors bind to the consensus sequence 5'-GCCNNNGGC-3' and activate genes involved in a large spectrum of important biological functions including proper eye, face, body wall, limbs and neural tube development. They also suppress a number of genes including MCAM/MUC18, C/EBP alpha and MYC. TFAP2A is the only AP-2 protein required for early morphogenesis of the lens vesicle.
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Protein Aliases: activating enhancer-binding protein 2 alpha; Activating enhancer-binding protein 2-alpha; Activator protein 2; AP-2; AP-2 transcription factor; AP2-alpha; FLJ51761; OTTHUMP00000214240; OTTHUMP00000214243; transcription factor AP-2 alpha (activating enhancer binding protein 2 alpha); Transcription factor AP-2-alpha
Gene Aliases: AP-2; Ap-2 (a); AP-2alpha; Ap2; AP2alpha; AP2TF; BOFS; Tcfap2a; TFAP2; TFAP2A
Molecular Function: general transcription factor