The transcription factor ATF-2 (also called CRE-BP1) binds to both AP-1 and CRE DNA response elements and is a member of the ATF/CREB family of leucine zipper proteins. ATF-2 interacts with a variety of viral oncoproteins and cellular tumor suppressors and is a target of the SAPK/JNK and p38 MAP kinase signaling pathways. Various forms of cellular stress, including genotoxic agents, inflammatory cytokines and UV irradiation, stimulate the transcriptional activity of ATF-2. Cellular stress activates ATF-2 by phosphorylation of Thr69 and Thr71. Both SAPK and p38 MAPK have been shown to phosphorylate ATF-2 at these sites in vitro and in cells transfected with ATF-2.
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Protein Aliases: Activating transcription factor 2; activating transcription factor 2 splice variant ATF2-var2; ATF-2; cAMP response element-binding protein CRE-BP1; cAMP responsive element binding protein 2, formerly; cAMP-dependent transcription factor ATF-2; cAMP-responsive element-binding protein 2; CREB-2; CREB2; CREBP1; Cyclic AMP-dependent transcription factor ATF-2; Cyclic AMP-responsive element-binding protein 2; HB16; Histone acetyltransferase ATF2; MXBP protein
Gene Aliases: Atf-2; ATF2; CRE-BP; CRE-BP1; CREB-2; CREB2; CREBP1; D130078H02Rik; D18875; HB16; mXBP; Tg(Gzma-Klra1)7Wum; TREB7