Adiponectin is a protein hormone secreted exclusively by adipocytes that regulates the metabolism of lipids and glucose. Adiponectin has been shown to play a role in various physiological processes including homeostasis and obesity. Decreased levels of adiponectin are associated with obese individuals as well as insulin resistance and hyperinsulinemia (type 2 diabetes). In mice adiponectin has been shown to improve insulin signaling, thus ameliorating insulin resistance. Through activation of AMP kinase and PPAR-alpha, adiponectin can increase fatty acid transport, oxidation, and dissipation in skeletal muscle, leading to a reduction of intramyocellular lipid levels and thus improved insulin signaling.
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Protein Aliases: 30 kDa adipocyte complement-related protein; ACRP30; adipocyte complement related protein; adipocyte complement related protein of 30 kDa; Adipocyte complement-related 30 kDa protein; adipocyte, C1Q and collagen domain containing; Adipocyte, C1q and collagen domain-containing protein; Adipocyte-specific protein AdipoQ; Adiponectin; Adipose most abundant gene transcript 1 protein; adipose specific collagen-like factor; ADPIOQ; apM-1; Gelatin-binding protein; gelatin-binding protein 28
Gene Aliases: 30kDa; ACDC; ACRP30; Ad; adipo; ADIPOQ; ADIPQTL1; ADPN; APM-1; APM1; APN; GBP28