The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) family and the TGF-beta superfamily. This group of proteins is characterized by a polybasic proteolytic processing site which is cleaved to produce a mature protein containing seven conserved cysteine residues. The members of this family are regulators of cell growth and differentiation in both embryonic and adult tissues. Studies in rodents suggest that this protein plays a role in the adult liver and in differentiation of cholinergic central nervous system neurons.
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Protein Aliases: BMP; BMP-9; Bone morphogenetic protein; Bone morphogenetic protein 9; GDF-2; Growth/differentiation factor 2
Gene Aliases: BMP-9; BMP9; GDF2; HHT5
Molecular Function: growth factor