Reconstitute the lyophilized antiserum by adding 1 mL sterile distilled water.
Inter-species cross-reactivity is a normal feature of antibodies to Serum proteins, since homologous proteins of different species frequently share antigenic determinants. The degree of cross-reactivity is also dependent on the concentRations of the reactants and the sensitivity of the assay arrangement. This antiSerum has been tested for cross-reactivity in double radial immunodiffusion with Bovine Serum and found negative.
Dilutions may be prepared by adding phosphate buffered saline (PBS, pH 7.2). Repeated thawing and freezing should be avoided. If a slight precipitation occurs upon storage, this should be removed by centrifugation. It will not affect the performance of the antiserum. Diluted antiserum should be stored at 4°C, not refrozen, and preferably used the same day.
C4B may be involved in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). A chronic, relapsing, inflammatory, and often febrile multisystemic disorder of connective tissue, characterized principally by involvement of the skin, joints, kidneys and serosal membranes. It is of unknown etiology, but is thought to represent a failure of the regulatory mechanisms of the autoimmune system. The disease is marked by a wide range of system dysfunctions, an elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and the formation of LE cells in the blood or bone marrow. Disease susceptibility is associated with variations affecting the gene represented in this entry. Interindividual copy-number variation (CNV) of complement component C4 and associated polymorphisms result in different susceptibilities to SLE. The risk of SLE susceptibility has been shown to be significantly increased among subjects with only two copies of total C4. A high copy number is a protective factor against SLE.
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Protein Aliases: Acidic complement C4; Basic complement C4; C3 and PZP-like alpha-2-macroglobulin domain-containing protein 2; C3 and PZP-like alpha-2-macroglobulin domain-containing protein 3; c4 complement; C4a anaphylatoxin; C4b-A; C4b-B; C4d-A; C4d-B; Chido form of C4; Complement C4 beta chain; Complement C4 gamma chain; Complement C4-A; Complement C4-A alpha chain; Complement C4-B; Complement C4-B alpha chain; complement C4B1a
Gene Aliases: C4A; C4B; C4B1; C4B12; C4B2; C4B3; C4B5; C4B_2; C4BD; C4F; CH; CO4; CPAMD2; CPAMD3
UniProt ID: (Human) P0C0L4
Entrez Gene ID: (Human) 721
Molecular Function: protease inhibitor