Immunogen sequence: ILRAPVDITG QFEKWGEEEA ELNKNFYDKK TAIHKALCDN VDTRTVMEEM RALVSQCNLY MAARKAVRKR PNQALLENIA LYLTHMLKIF GAVEEDSSLG FPVGGPGTSL SLEATVMPYL QVLSEFREGV RKIAREQKVP EILQLSDALR DNILPELGVR FEDHEGLPTV VKLVDRNTLL KEREEKRRVE EEKRKKKEEA ARRKQEQEAA KLAKMKIPPS EMFLSETDKY SKFDENGLPT HDMEGKELSK GQAKKLKKLF EAQEKLYKEY LQMAQNGSFQ; Positive Samples: HeLa, MCF7, Mouse liver; Cellular Location: Cytoplasm
Stress-activated, pro-apoptotic kinase which, following caspase-cleavage, enters the nucleus and induces chromatin condensation followed by internucleosomal DNA fragmentation. Key component of the Hippo signaling pathway which plays a pivotal role in organ size control and tumor suppression by restricting proliferation and promoting apoptosis. The core of this pathway is composed of a kinase cascade wherein STK3/MST2 and STK4/MST1, in complex with its regulatory protein SAV1, phosphorylates and activates LATS1/2 in complex with its regulatory protein MOB1, which in turn phosphorylates and inactivates YAP1 oncoprotein and WWTR1/TAZ. Phosphorylation of YAP1 by LATS2 inhibits its translocation into the nucleus to regulate cellular genes important for cell proliferation, cell death, and cell migration. STK3/MST2 and STK4/MST1 are required to repress proliferation of mature hepatocytes, to prevent activation of facultative adult liver stem cells (oval cells), and to inhibit tumor formation.
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Protein Aliases: CysRS; cysteine translase; cysteine tRNA ligase 1, cytoplasmic; Cysteine--tRNA ligase, cytoplasmic; Cysteinyl-tRNA synthetase; cysteinyl-tRNA synthetase, cytoplasmic
Gene Aliases: CA3; CARS; CARS1; CYSRS; MGC:11246