|Tested species reactivity||Human, Mouse, Rat|
|Host / Isotype||Rabbit / IgG|
|Immunogen||A 15 amino acid peptide near the center of human CCL4|
|Purification||Antigen affinity chromatography|
|Contains||0.02% sodium azide|
|Storage Conditions||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 3 months. For long term storage store at -20°C|
|Tested Applications||Dilution *|
|Immunocytochemistry (ICC)||20 ug/ml|
|Immunofluorescence (IF)||20 ug/ml|
|Immunohistochemistry (IHC)||25 ug/ml|
|Western Blot (WB)||1 - 2 ug/mL|
* Suggested working dilutions are given as a guide only. It is recommended that the user titrate the product for use in their own experiment using appropriate negative and positive controls.
A suggested positive control is rat brain tissue lysate.
PA5-34509 can be used with blocking peptide PEP-1552.
CCL4, also known as macrophage inflammatory protein 1-beta (MIP1B), belongs to the intercrine beta (chemokine CC) family. Both CCL4 and the related protein CCL3 participate in the host response to invading bacterial, viral, parasite and fungal pathogens by regulating the trafficking and activation state of selected subgroups of inflammatory cells. While both CCL4 and CCL3 exert similar effects on monocytes, their effect on lymphocytes differ; with CCL4 selectively attracting CD4+ lymphocytes and CCL3 selectively attracting CD8+ lymphocytes. Additionally, both have been shown to be potent chemoattractants for B cells, eosinophils and dendritic cells. The processed form of CCL4 can induce down-modulation of surface expression of the chemokine receptor CCR5, thus inhibiting the CCR5-mediated entry of HIV-1 in T cells.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.