Several different molecular weight isoforms of CXCR4 have been described in the literature, which vary depending on cell type tested and extraction buffer used. Using Ramos, Raji, and Jurkat membrane fractions, two different MW forms of CXCR4 were detected with PA3-305 by Western blot, between 55-72kD.
It is recommended to use a membrane isolation buffer/kit for extracting CXCR4 for Western blot analysis. Cellular membrane fractions were isolated for Western blot using Mem-PER Plus (Product # 89842).
CXCR4 is the receptor for the C-X-C chemokine CXCL12/SDF-1 that transduces a signal by increasing intracellular calcium ion levels and enhancing MAPK1/MAPK3 activation. It acts as a receptor for extracellular ubiquitin; leading to enhanced intracellular calcium ions and reduced cellular cAMP levels. It is involved in hematopoiesis and in cardiac ventricular septum formation. CXCR4 also plays an essential role in vascularization of the gastrointestinal tract, probably by regulating vascular branching and/or remodeling processes in endothelial cells. Involved in cerebellar development. In the CNS, could mediate hippocampal-neuron survival. It acts as a coreceptor (CD4 being the primary receptor) for HIV-1 X4 isolates and as a primary receptor for some HIV-2 isolates, and promotes Env-mediated fusion of the virus. CXCR4 binds bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) et mediates LPS-induced inflammatory response, including TNF secretion by monocytes.
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Protein Aliases: C-X-C chemokine receptor type 4; CD184; CD184 antigen; chemokine (C-X-C motif) receptor 4; chemokine (C-X-C) receptor 4; chemokine receptor; chemokine receptor 4; CXC-R4; CXCR-4; D2S201E; FB22; Fusin; HM89; HSY3RR; LAP-3; LAP3; LCR1; LESTR; Leukocyte-derived seven transmembrane domain receptor; leukocyte-expressed seven-transmembrane-domain; Lipopolysaccharide-associated protein 3; LPS-associated protein 3; neuropeptide Y receptor Y3; neuropeptide Y3 receptor; NPY3R; NPYR; NPYRL; NPYY3R; PB-CKR; Pre-B-cell-derived chemokine receptor; SDF-1 receptor; seven transmembrane helix receptor; seven-transmembrane-segment receptor, spleen; Stromal cell-derived factor 1 receptor; WHIM
Gene Aliases: b2b220Clo; CD184; Cmkar4; CXCR4; D2S201E; FB22; HM89; HSY3RR; LAP-3; LAP3; LCR1; LESTR; NPY3R; NPYR; NPYRL; NPYY3R; PB-CKR; PBSF/SDF-1; Sdf1r; WHIM; WHIMS
Molecular Function: cell adhesion molecule cytokine receptor defense/immunity protein hydrolase immunoglobulin receptor superfamily immunoglobulin superfamily cell adhesion molecule phosphatase protein phosphatase receptor