Enolase (2-phosphogly-cerate hydrolyase or phosphopyruvate hydrates) is a glycolytic enzyme that catalyzes the dehydration and conversion of 2-phosphoglycerate to phosphoenolpyruvate. It comprises three distinct subunits, alpha, beta and gamma. Non Neuronal Enolase(ENO1) is an isoform of mammalian enolase and is composed of 2 alpha subunits. The gene for ENO1 also encodes a shorter monomeric structural lens protein, tau-crystallin. Multifunctional enzyme that, as well as its role in glycolysis, plays a part in various processes such as growth control, hypoxia tolerance and allergic responses. May also function in the intravascular and pericellular fibrinolytic system due to its ability to serve as a receptor and activator of plasminogen on the cell surface of several cell-types such as leukocytes and neurons. Stimulates immunoglobulin production.Used as a diagnostic marker for many tumors and, in the heterodimeric form, alpha/gamma, as a marker for hypoxic brain injury after cardiac arrest. Also marker for endometriosis. Antibodies against alpha-enolase are present in sera from patients with cancer-associated retinopathy syndrome (CAR), a progressive blinding disease which occurs in the presence of systemic tumor growth, primarily small-cell carcinoma of the lung and other malignancies. Is identified as an autoantigen in Hashimoto encephalopathy (HE) a rare autoimmune disease associated with Hashimoto thyroiditis (HT). HT is a disorder in which destructive processes overcome the potential capacity of thyroid replacement leading to hypothyroidism.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.
Protein Aliases: 2-phospho-D-glycerate hydro-lyase; 2-phospho-D-glycerate hydrolase; alpha enolase; alpha enolase like 1; Alpha-enolase; c-Myc promoter binding protein; C-myc promoter-binding protein; enoa; Enolase 1; enolase 1, (alpha); enolase 1, alpha non-neuron; enolase-alpha; epididymis secretory protein Li 17; MBP-1; MPB-1; MYC promoter-binding protein 1; NNE; Non-neural enolase; Phosphopyruvate hydratase; Plasminogen-binding protein; tau-crystallin
Gene Aliases: 0610008I15; AL022784; Eno-1; ENO1; ENO1L1; HEL-S-17; MBP-1; MBPB1; MPB1; NNE; PPH
Molecular Function: lyase